Introduction to English Legal History

 
 
Oxford University Press
  • 5. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 21. März 2019
  • |
  • 736 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-254073-7 (ISBN)
 
Fully revised and updated, this classic text provides the authoritative introduction to the history of the English common law. The book traces the development of the principal features of English legal institutions and doctrines from Anglo-Saxon times to the present and, combined with Baker and Milsom's Sources of Legal History, offers invaluable insights into the development of the common law of persons, obligations, and property, and also of criminal and public law. It is an essential reference point for all lawyers, historians and students seeking to understand the evolution of English law over a millennium. The book provides an introduction to the main characteristics, institutions, and doctrines of English law over the longer term - particularly the evolution of the common law before the extensive statutory changes and regulatory regimes of the last two centuries. It explores how legal change was brought about in the common law and how judges and lawyers managed to square evolution with respect for inherited wisdom.
5. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 4,27 MB
978-0-19-254073-7 (9780192540737)
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Sir John Baker is the Downing Professor of the Laws of England and Fellow of St Catharine's College, Cambridge. He is an Honorary Bencher of the Inner Temple and was knighted for his services to legal history in 2003.
  • Cover
  • An Introduction to English Legal History
  • Copyright
  • Preface to the Fifth Edition
  • Contents
  • PART ONE
  • PART TWO
  • Table of Statutes
  • Table of Cases
  • CASES CITED BY NAME
  • YEAR-BOOKS AND ANONYMOUS CASES
  • Kings and Queens since 1066
  • List of Abbreviations
  • PART ONE
  • 1: Law and Custom before 1066
  • Communal Justice
  • Procedure and Proof
  • The Old English Assemblies
  • From Communal to Personal Authority
  • Further Reading
  • 2: The Common Law of England
  • Regional and Itinerant Royal Justice
  • Judicial Commissions
  • Central Royal Justice
  • The Two Benches
  • The Nisi Prius and Assize System
  • Effects on Local Justice
  • Peace-Keeping at Local Level
  • Local Civil Justice
  • Justice outside the Common Law
  • Custom
  • Arbitration
  • The Reach of the English Common Law
  • The Sea
  • Norman Law and the Channel Islands
  • Wales and the Common Law
  • Ireland and the Common Law
  • The Law of Scotland
  • Further Reading
  • 3: The Superior Courts of Common Law
  • Magna Carta and Common Pleas
  • Changing Functions of the Medieval King's Bench
  • The Common-Law Courts Challenged
  • The Resurgence of the King's Bench
  • Bill Procedure
  • Substantive Law Reform in the King's Bench
  • Reaction by the Common Pleas
  • The Exchequer of Pleas
  • Uniformity and Abolition
  • Further Reading
  • 4: The Forms of Action
  • Originating an Action
  • Types of Original Writ
  • Praecipe Writs
  • Plaints of Wrong
  • Trespass
  • Trespass on the Case
  • Judicial Writs
  • Mesne Process
  • Final Process
  • End of the Forms of Action
  • Further Reading
  • Table A. Principal types of original writ
  • 5: The Jury and Pleading
  • From 'Proof ' to 'Trial'
  • The Rise of the Jury
  • Trial by Jury
  • Medieval Pleading and Legal Argument
  • Reaching the Issue
  • Oral and 'Tentative' Pleading
  • Judge, Jury, and Medieval Legal Development
  • The System Transformed
  • Motions in Banc
  • Decline of the Common-Law System
  • Latin and Court-Hand
  • Double Pleading
  • General and Special Pleading
  • End of the Common-Law System
  • Changing Role of the Court
  • Further Reading
  • 6: The Court of Chancery and Equity
  • The Chancery
  • The Great Seal
  • The Chancery Clerks
  • The Latin Side
  • The English Side
  • Mischiefs in the Law
  • Early Chancery Procedure
  • Business of the Chancery 1400-1600
  • Law and Equity
  • Chancery and the Common-Law Courts
  • Equity According to Rule
  • Mischiefs of the Chancery
  • Reform and Abolition
  • Further Reading
  • 7: The Conciliar Courts
  • The Court of Star Chamber
  • The Court of Requests
  • Regional Conciliar and Equity Courts
  • The Courts of the Admiral and Marshal
  • The Court of the Constable and Marshal
  • The High Court of Admiralty
  • Further Reading
  • 8: The Ecclesiastical Courts
  • Canon Law and Common Law
  • Effect of the Break with Rome
  • Nineteenth-Century Reforms
  • Further Reading
  • 9: Judicial Review of Decisions
  • The Writ of Error
  • Courts of Error
  • Development of the Appeal
  • Judicial Consultations on Points of Law
  • The Privy Council
  • Review in Chancery
  • The Court of Appeal and House of Lords
  • The Prerogative Writs
  • Prohibition
  • Quo Warranto
  • Habeas Corpus
  • Mandamus
  • Certiorari
  • Declarations and Applications
  • Administrative Law
  • Further Reading
  • 10: The Legal Profession
  • Origins of a Professional Bench and Bar
  • Serjeants at Law
  • Apprentices at Law
  • The Lawyers' Inns
  • The New Profession
  • Decline of the Serjeants
  • King's (or Queen's) Counsel
  • The Judiciary
  • Civilian Advocates
  • Legal Education in the Universities
  • Further Reading
  • 11: Legal Literature
  • Glanvill and Bracton
  • Formularies
  • Reports of Cases
  • The Year Books
  • The Later Year Books
  • The Advent of Printing
  • Named Reports
  • Abridgments
  • Treatises
  • The Renaissance Period
  • Sir Edward Coke
  • Sir Matthew Hale
  • Sir William Blackstone
  • From Blackstone to Maitland
  • Further Reading
  • 12: Law Making
  • The Common Law
  • Case-Law and Precedent
  • Fictions
  • Equity and Legal Change
  • Legislation
  • Acts of Parliament as Judgments
  • Statute Law and the Courts
  • Subordinate Legislation
  • Law Reform Movements
  • The Civil War and Interregnum
  • The Nineteenth Century
  • Codification
  • Further Reading
  • PART TWO
  • 13: Real Property: Feudal Tenure
  • Tenure
  • The Variety of Services
  • Tenure and Land Ownership
  • Custom
  • Henry II and the Common Law
  • The Petty Assizes
  • Writs of Entry
  • Later History of the Real Actions and Assizes
  • The Lord's Rights under the Common Law
  • Ownership of Services
  • Incidents of Tenure
  • 1. Suit of court
  • 2. Aids
  • 3. Fines on alienation
  • 4. Relief and primer seisin
  • 5. Escheat and forfeiture
  • 6. Customary dues
  • 7. Wardship and marriage
  • The Value of Incidents
  • Mortmain
  • Quia Emptores Terrarum 1290
  • Evasion and Preservation of Incidents
  • Further Reading
  • Table B. Types of tenure
  • 14: Real Property: Uses and Fiscal Feudalism
  • Origins of Uses
  • The 'Use' as an Interest in Land
  • Effect of Uses on Feudal Law
  • Tudor Legislation and Fiscal Feudalism
  • The Statutes of Uses (1536) and Wills (1540)
  • The Statute of Enrolments (1536)
  • The End of Fiscal Feudalism
  • Further Reading
  • 15: Real Property: Inheritance and Estates
  • Alienation
  • Effects of Alienating the Fee
  • Nature of the Tenancy for Life
  • The Law of Inheritance
  • The Canons of Descent
  • 1. The parentelic scheme
  • 2. Males preferred to females in the same degree
  • 3. Primogeniture and coparcenary
  • 4. Exclusion of collaterals of the half-blood
  • Provision for Spouses and New Families
  • Dower
  • Curtesy
  • The Marriage-Gi? and the Conditional Gi?
  • The Statute De Donis 1285
  • Reversions and Remainders
  • Contingent Remainders
  • Further Reading
  • Table C. Estates in land
  • 16: Real Property: Family Settlements
  • The Durability of the Fee Tail
  • Barring the Entail
  • Remainders and Executory Interests
  • Executory Interests
  • Powers
  • Trusts
  • Lord Nottingham's Doctrine of Perpetuities
  • The Strict Settlement
  • Further Reading
  • 17. Other Interests in Land
  • The Term of Years
  • Change in Nature of the Term of Years
  • Further Security of the Termor
  • Use of Ejectment to Try Freehold Title
  • Leases and Settlements
  • Leases and Conveyancing: Lease and Release
  • Tenancy at Will
  • Villein Tenure and Copyhold
  • Legal Recognition of the Copyholder
  • The Trust as an Interest in Land
  • Mortgages
  • The Equity of Redemption
  • Licences
  • Further Reading
  • Table D. Types of property
  • Table E. Modes of conveying real property
  • 18. Contract: Covenant and Debt
  • The Action of Covenant
  • The Action of Debt
  • Debt on a Contract
  • Debt on an Obligation
  • Bonds and Relief Against Penalties
  • Gaps in the Medieval Law
  • Contract Suits in Chancery
  • Further Reading
  • 19. Contract: Assumpsit and Deceit
  • Breach of Covenant as Trespass
  • Misfeasance
  • Trespass on the Case for Deceit
  • Assumpsit for Nonfeasance
  • Occupational Duties
  • Deceitful Non-Performance
  • Assumpsit as a Contractual Remedy
  • The Doctrine of Consideration
  • Assumpsit in Lieu of Debt
  • Slade's Case
  • Further Reading
  • 20. Contract: Some Later Developments
  • The Common Indebitatus Counts
  • Parol Contracts and Perjury
  • Elaboration of Contract Law
  • The Nineteenth Century
  • Privity
  • Contractual Terms
  • Implied Terms
  • Standard-Form Contracts and Exclusion Clauses
  • Further Reading
  • 21. Quasi-Contract
  • The Action of Account
  • Decline of Account
  • Actions on the Case
  • Implied and Fictitious Undertakings to Pay
  • Indebitatus Assumpsit
  • Non-Contractual Debts
  • 'Onerabilis' Assumpsit on Bills of Exchange
  • Money Had and Received
  • Scope of the Money Counts: Subsidiarity
  • 1. Real property
  • 2. Contract
  • 3. Tort
  • Money Laid Out
  • A General Principle
  • Further Reading
  • 22. Property in Chattels Personal
  • Personal Property, Chattels, and Things
  • How Personal Property Arises
  • Modes of Transfer
  • Gift
  • Sale
  • Succession on Death
  • Termination of Private Property in Chattels
  • Return to Natural State
  • Deodand
  • Abandonment and Loss
  • Interests in Chattels
  • Early Restitutionary Proceedings
  • Detinue
  • Detinue on a Bailment
  • Detinue Against a Third Hand
  • Detinue Sur Trover
  • Shortcomings of Detinue
  • Trespass and Case for Chattels
  • Undertakings to Keep or Carry Safely
  • Conversion by a Bailee
  • Trover and Conversion
  • Further Reading
  • 23. Negligence
  • Trespass Vi et Armis and Negligence
  • Actions on the Case for Negligence
  • Undertakings and Negligence
  • Negligence in the Absence of an Undertaking
  • The Tort of Negligence
  • The Nature of Tortious Negligence
  • Extensions of the Duty of Care
  • Further Reading
  • 24. Nuisance
  • Remedies for Nuisance
  • The Assize of Nuisance
  • Nuisance and Trespass
  • The Nature of Nuisance
  • Acquired Rights: Easements and Profits
  • Natural Rights
  • Disturbances
  • Isolated Occurrences
  • Common or Public Nuisances
  • Further Reading
  • 25. Defamation
  • Actions on the Case for Words
  • Words Endangering Life or Liberty
  • Words Alleging Occupational Untness
  • 'Spiritual' Defamation
  • Words Imputing Certain Diseases
  • Attempts to Abate the Flood of Actions
  • The Scope of Defamation
  • Justification and Privilege
  • Libel
  • Further Reading
  • 26. Economic Torts and Interests
  • Monopolies
  • Legal Restraints on Monopolies
  • Later Patent Law
  • Copyright
  • Unfair or Deceptive Competition
  • Domestic Relationships
  • Servants and Apprentices
  • Wives and Daughters
  • Inducing a Breach of Contract
  • Intimidation and Conspiracy
  • Further Reading
  • 27. Persons: Status and Liberty
  • Some Partial Legal Disabilities
  • Women
  • Aliens
  • Religious Persons
  • Villein Status
  • Villeinage at Common Law
  • The End of Villeinage
  • Freedom from Arbitrary Imprisonment
  • Freedom of Thought and Expression
  • Freedom from Slavery
  • Abolition
  • Further Reading
  • 28. Persons: Marriage and its Consequences
  • The Law of Marriage
  • The Formal Marriage
  • Clandestine Marriages
  • Unity of Person
  • Property of Married Women
  • Contracts of Married Women
  • Torts By and Against Married Women
  • Bastardy
  • Divorce
  • Nullity of Marriage: Divorce A Vinculo Matrimonii
  • Divorce a Mensa et Thoro
  • Divorce and the Reformation
  • Divorce by Private Act of Parliament
  • Reform of the Divorce Laws
  • Further Reading
  • 29. Pleas of the Crown: Criminal Procedure
  • Crime and Tort
  • Felony and Trespass
  • The Initiation of Criminal Proceedings
  • Appeals
  • Indictments
  • Informations
  • The Trial
  • Trial Procedure
  • Summary Trial
  • Trial Procedure
  • Summary Trial
  • The Avoidance or Mitigation of Punishment
  • Sanctuary
  • Benefit of Clergy
  • Pardons
  • Jury Mitigation
  • Abolition of Capital Punishment
  • Further Reading
  • 30. Pleas of the Crown: The Substantive Criminal Law
  • The Means of Development
  • Criminal Responsibility
  • Degrees of Participation
  • Some Particular Offences
  • Treason
  • Homicide
  • Personal Injuries
  • Arson
  • Burglary
  • Robbery and Larceny
  • Further Reading
  • APPENDICES
  • APPENDIX I: Specimen Writs
  • Original Writs
  • A: 'PRAECIPIMUS TIBI' FORMS
  • B: 'PRAECIPE' FORMS
  • APPENDIX I: Specimen Writs (Translations)
  • Original Writs
  • A: 'PRAECIPIMUS TIBI' FORMS
  • B: 'PRAECIPE' FORMS
  • C: PETTY ASSIZES
  • C: PETTY ASSIZES
  • D: 'OSTENSURUS QUARE' FORMS
  • D: 'OSTENSURUS QUARE' FORMS
  • Judicial Writs
  • Judicial Writs
  • Prerogative Writs
  • Prerogative Writs
  • Writ of Summons (1832)
  • APPENDIX II: Specimen Entries
  • An Action of Trespass
  • BELHOUS v. CLAVERYNG ?1341^
  • APPENDIX II: Specimen Entries (Translations)
  • An Action of Trespass
  • BELLHOUSE v. CLAVERING (1341)
  • Proceedings at a Gaol Delivery
  • DELIVERY OF THE MARSHALSEA PRISON AT NORWICH (1342)
  • Proceedings at a Gaol Delivery
  • DELIVERY OF THE MARSHALSEA PRISON AT NORWICH (1342)
  • Index

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