This book provides a basic clinical guide to the principles and practice of artificial ventilation, both manual and mechanical. It covers the development of artificial ventilation through the ages and the essential anatomy and physiology behind it. While there are many detailed texts available on mechanical ventilation, they are usually aimed at the hospital specialist and cover the many complex modes of ventilation used in the hospital setting.This book covers the basics of airway and ventilation management for non-specialists working in pre-hospital and emergency medicine. It fulfils the need for a resource that explains simply and clearly basic respiratory physiology, the pathophysiology behind respiratory failure and the practical aspects of artificial ventilation. This book links the two areas of hospital and pre-hospital practice together to promote better understanding of artificial ventilation by medical, paramedical and nursing personnel working in different fields of medicine.
David Baker studied medicine at St Bartholomew's Hospital and worked as a consultant in anaesthesia for the Paris emergency medical service (SAMU) at the Necker University Hospital, specializing in the management of mass toxic incidents. From 2004 he has also worked as a consultant medical toxicologist for the Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards of the United Kingdom Health Protection Agency. Since 2005 he has lectured as a visiting professor at Harvard Medical School and is currently a visiting senior lecturer in medical toxicology at King's College, London. Currently projects include advising the UK government on the provision of advanced emergency care in chemically - contaminated zones, the management of pulmonary injury following toxic agent exposure and investigation of the longer term problems of pesticide poisoning in Sri Lanka. He has lectured in over 40 countries around the world and is the author of numerous journal articles, monographs and textbook chapters. He is a Board Member of the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine and has consulted for the World Health Organisation and the International Committee of the Red Cross.
A Brief History of Artificial Ventilation.- The Structure of the Airways and Lungs.- How the Lungs Work: Mechanics and Gas Exchange with the Blood.- Respiratory Failure.- The Management of Respiratory Failure: Airway Management and Manual Methods of Artificial Ventilation.- Basic principles of mechanical ventilation.- Portable mechanical ventilators.- Managing ventilation during transport.- Paediatric Artificial Ventilation for the Non-Specialist.- Artificial ventilation in difficult and extreme environments.- Mass ventilation.- Conclusions: key messages.