Politics and Capital

Auctioning the American Dream
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 9. März 2018
  • |
  • 256 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-084703-6 (ISBN)
This book is about good government-especially ethical and fair government. Using both theoretical methods and practical political analysis, John Attanasio shows how recent Supreme Court decisions and campaign finance regulations map onto a pernicious and growing inequality in America. He puts forward a novel solution grounded in a new principle of personal autonomy. Looking at the transformation of wealth and political influence in America, this book demonstrates that the defining campaign finance cases such as Buckley v. Valeo and Citizens United have created a new constitutional arrangement that correlates with the dramatic rise in U.S. wealth and income inequality since the 1970s. The book goes on to show that this distorted income allocation has adversely affected demand, which may be spawning American economic stagnation. The solution Attanasio proposes is the principle of "distributive autonomy," sharply contrasting it with the individualism of modern libertarian ideas, which have given rise to the radical inequality that reduces, rather than enhances, autonomy. Good governance must be centrally concerned with the distribution of freedom for all: if my autonomy matters, so does yours. Valuing the autonomy of others is authentic autonomy. Distributive autonomy is necessary to ensure that participatory democracy retains its truly democratic elements, which may be a necessary condition for long-term, prosperous capitalism. A profound synthesis of theory and practice, Politics and Capital is crucial to understanding the ominous political and economic problems besetting twenty-first century America.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • USA
  • 17,99 MB
978-0-19-084703-6 (9780190847036)
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John Attanasio has advised courts, legislatures, ministers, and constitutional commissions on democracy, economics, and rule of law for over 30 years. He has mediated sensitive international disputes, and lectured widely around the world. Attanasio is President of the International Academic Institute of Legal Process and Procedure. He served as dean of two law schools and taught at two others. He was the first Fulbright lecturer to teach courses on American constitutional law in the Soviet Union. He was Director of the Rule of Law Forum which organized bilateral meetings of high-ranking government officials under the auspices of the State Department. He organized Supreme Court Summits and other meetings involving many of the most important highest courts in the world.
Preface Acknowledgments PART I CHALLENGES TO MODERN LIBERTARIANISM Chapter I Distributive Autonomy and the Foundational Problem of Campaign Finance A. The Idea of Distributive Autonomy B. The Lens of Campaign Finance C. Property Interests v. Participatory Democracy D. The Discourse Chapter II Distributive Autonomy: an Introductory Essay A. What Is Liberty? What Is Autonomy? And Why Do They Matter? B. Baseline Autonomy C. Bounded Autonomy? D. Distributive Autonomy: A First Approximation E. What Counts as an Infringement of Distributive Autonomy? F. The Disconnect of Modern Liberty and Autonomy Theory from Founding Fathers Mill and Kant PART II THE DECLINE OF LIBERTARIAN PROTECTION OF PROPERTY RIGHTS Chapter III Substantive Due Process, Federalism, And The Protection Of Property Rights Chapter IV The Carolene Products Paradigm of Participatory Democracy A. The Carolene Products Constitutional Settlement B. Voice and Vote as Pillars of Participatory Democracy C. Property Rights versus Property Interests D. The Weak Libertarian Paradigm of Free Speech Jurisprudence and Participatory Democracy PART III THE RISE OF CONSTITUTIONAL LIBERTARIAN PROTECTION FOR PROPERTY INTERESTS: CAMPAIGN FINANCE Chapter V The Buckley Constitution And The Strong Libertarian Paradigm of American Politics A. Foundations: The Absolutist Speech Protection of Justices Black and Douglas B. The Strong Libertarian Paradigm, Campaign Finance and the Constriction of Democracy in America C. Austin and McConnell: A Brief Turn Back Toward the Participatory Paradigm Chapter VI A Stronger Libertarian Paradigm and the Death of the New Deal Constitution A. Protecting Contributions by Corporations and Unions B. Invalidating Reciprocal Public Funding C. Purchasing Entire Election Cycles: Invalidating Limits on Aggregate Contributions D. The Stronger Libertarian Archetype: Transforming the Playing Field Again E. Protecting the Rule of Law: Upholding Limits on Judicial Fund-Raising F. The Death of the New Deal Constitution G. The Constitutional Content of Distributive Autonomy PART IV DISTRIBUTIVE AUTONOMY: EQUALITY, LIBERTY, AND CAMPAIGN FINANCE Chapter VII Philosophical Ruminations: The Tension between Liberty and Equality A. Doctrinal Wrong Turns: Equating Spending Money with Speaking B. Philosophical Expressions of the Tension between Liberty and Equality Chapter VIII The Principle of Distributive Autonomy A. Traditional Libertarianism: The Influential Theory of Robert Nozick B. The Contrasting Libertarian Ideas of Nozick and Mill C. Kantian Autonomy Theory and Libertarianism D. The Liberty/ Order Paradox: The Weakness of Strong Libertarian Theories E. The Rawlsian Quest to Reconcile Liberty and Equality F. Campaign Finance: Illuminating the Tension between Liberty and Equality Chapter IX Distributive Autonomy, Campaign Finance and Voting Rights A. A Distributive Autonomy Critique of the Campaign Finance Cases B. Distributive Autonomy and the Free Speech Theories of Meiklejohn and Emerson C. Yin and Yang: Libertarian Campaign Financing Versus Egalitarian One Person, One Vote PART V DISTRIBUTIVE AUTONOMY: CAPITAL AND CAMPAIGN FINANCE Chapter X Distributive Autonomy, Democracy, and Capital A. Disparate Voice in Elections Has Ballooned Disparate Wealth B. Buckley and Piketty: The Astonishing Temporal Correlations Chapter XI Income and Wealth Disparities, and the Demand Curve A. The Shrinking, Anemic Middle Class B. Sellers Need Buyers and Buyers Need Sellers (Employers) C. The 2016 Election D. Tax Cuts and the National Debt E. Epilogue: Distributive Autonomy, Libertarianism and Democracy Index

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