Introduction to Bioplastics Engineering

 
 
William Andrew (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 29. März 2016
  • |
  • 300 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-323-39407-9 (ISBN)
 

Introduction to Bioplastics Engineering is a practical, user-friendly reference for plastics engineers working with biopolymers and biodegradable plastics that addresses topics that are required for the successful development of cohesive bioplastic products.

While there has been considerable demand for the use of bioplastics in industry, processing these bioplastics is a big challenge. The book provides plastics engineers and researchers with a fundamental, practical understanding of the differences between bioplastics and biodegradable polymers, along with guidance on the different methods used to process bioplastics.

The book also covers additives and modifiers for biopolymers and their effect on properties. Examples include commercial applications of bioplastics, current bioplastics being developed, and future trends in the industry.

This enables engineers, researchers, technicians, and students to understand the decisive relationship between different processing techniques, morphology, mechanical properties, and the further applications of bio-based polymers.

The book presents a true engineering approach for the industry on the processing of biopolymers and biodegradable plastics - discussing the ease of use of the polymer, mechanical and thermal properties, rate of biodegradation in particular environments, and pros and cons of particular bioplastics.


  • Enables engineers, researchers, technicians, and students to understand the decisive relationship between different processing techniques, morphology, mechanical properties, and the further applications of bio-based polymers.
  • Covers additives and modifiers for biopolymers and their effect on properties
  • Includes examples that illustrate the commercial applications of bioplastics, current bioplastics being developed, and future trends in the industry


Dr. Syed Ali Ashter received his B.Sc. Eng. from Aligarh Muslim University, India (1998) in Chemical engineering, M.S. (2002) and Ph.D. (2008) from University of Massachusetts Lowell in Plastics engineering. Dr. Ashter worked as a postdoctoral research fellow at McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada on next generation formable films. Dr. Ashter joined EMD Millipore as a Development Engineer III in 2010 where he worked on developing range of products for biopharmaceutical industry such as membranes, medical devices for tangential flow filtration and fiber and bead-based chromatography. Dr. Ashter joined Getinge Group in 2015 and has been working as a Principal Process Development Engineer in R&D endovascular. Dr. Ashter is a member of Society of Plastics Engineers since 2000 and has been on the Board of Directors for the Medical Plastics Division (MPD) since 2012.
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 8,96 MB
978-0-323-39407-9 (9780323394079)
0323394078 (0323394078)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Introduction to Bioplastics Engineering
  • Copyright Page
  • Dedication
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Background
  • 1.2 Understanding Global Markets
  • 1.3 Current Material Trends
  • 1.4 Current Market Trends
  • 1.5 Barriers to Biopolymer Commercialization
  • References
  • 2 Overview of Biodegradable Polymers
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Definitions
  • 2.2.1 Biodegradable
  • 2.2.2 Biopolymer
  • 2.2.3 Bio-based
  • 2.2.4 Oxo-degradable
  • References
  • 3 Mechanisms of Polymer Degradation
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Polyesters
  • 3.3 Polyamides
  • 3.3.1 Thermal Degradation
  • 3.3.2 Photo-Oxidation
  • 3.3.3 Thermal Oxidation
  • 3.4 Polycarbonates
  • 3.5 Polyurethanes
  • 3.6 Polyacetals
  • 3.6.1 Thermal Oxidation
  • 3.6.2 Photo-Oxidation
  • 3.6.3 Hydrolysis
  • References
  • 4 Fundamentals on Biodegradability
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.1.1 What Is Biodegradability?
  • 4.1.2 Biodegradability Standards
  • 4.1.3 Biodegradability Testing
  • 4.2 Measurement of Biodegradability of Polymers
  • 4.2.1 Biodegradability Measuring Devices
  • 4.2.1.1 Plate Test System
  • 4.2.1.2 Respirometric System
  • 4.2.1.2.1 MSU Respirometric Systems
  • 4.2.1.2.2 UMIC Lab I
  • 4.2.1.3 Gas-Evolution Test System
  • 4.3 Factors Affecting Biodegradability
  • References
  • 5 Types of Biodegradable Polymers
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Bio-Based Polymers
  • 5.2.1 Starch-Based Polymers
  • 5.2.1.1 Thermoplastic Starch
  • 5.2.1.2 Starch Synthetic Aliphatic Polyester Blends
  • 5.2.1.3 Starch-PBS/PBSA Polyester Blends
  • 5.2.1.4 Starch-PVOH Blends
  • 5.2.2 Cellulose-Based Polymers
  • 5.2.2.1 Cellulose Esters
  • 5.2.2.2 Cellulose Acetate (CA)
  • 5.2.2.3 Cellulose-Acetate Propionate (CAP)
  • 5.2.2.4 Cellulose-Acetate Butyrate
  • 5.2.2.5 Celluloid
  • 5.2.3 Chitin and Chitosan
  • 5.2.4 Bacterial Polyesters
  • 5.2.4.1 Polyhydroxyalkanoates
  • 5.2.4.2 Polyhydroxybutyrate
  • 5.3 Synthetic Biodegradable Polymers
  • 5.3.1 Poly(lactic acid)
  • 5.3.2 Poly(?-caprolactone)
  • 5.3.3 Poly(glycolide) or Poly(glycolic acid)
  • 5.3.4 Poly(p-dioxanone)
  • 5.3.5 Poly(lactide-co-glycolide)
  • 5.4 Bio-Derived Polyethylene
  • 5.5 Polymers from Bio-Based Monomers
  • 5.5.1 Lactic Acid and Poly(lactic acid)
  • 5.5.2 1,3 Propanediol and DuPont's Sorona
  • 5.5.3 Succinic Acid
  • 5.5.4 Bio-Based Unsaturated Polyester
  • 5.6 Bio-Based Materials for Paper/Substrate Coatings
  • References
  • 6 Additives and Modifiers for Biopolymers
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Types of Additives and Modifiers
  • 6.2.1 Type 1 Additives
  • 6.2.2 Type 2 Additives
  • 6.2.3 Type 3 Additives
  • 6.3 Additives and Modifiers for Bioolefins
  • 6.4 Additives and Modifiers for Biopolymers
  • 6.4.1 Toughness
  • 6.4.2 Processability
  • 6.4.3 Heat Resistance
  • 6.4.4 Foamability
  • 6.4.5 Mechanical Properties
  • 6.5 Effect on Properties
  • 6.5.1 Toughness
  • 6.5.2 Processability
  • 6.5.3 Heat Resistance
  • 6.5.4 Foamability
  • 6.5.5 Mechanical Properties
  • References
  • 7 Processing Biodegradable Polymers
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Injection Molding
  • 7.2.1 NatureWorks Ingeo Series
  • 7.2.2 Novamont Mater-Bi
  • 7.2.3 DuPont Biomax TPS
  • 7.2.4 Metabolix Mirel
  • 7.2.5 TianAn Biologic
  • 7.2.6 Ecovio IS 1335
  • 7.3 Compression Molding
  • 7.4 Film Casting
  • 7.5 Blow Molding
  • 7.5.1 Stretch Blow Molding
  • 7.5.1.1 Single-Stage Stretch Blow Molding
  • 7.5.1.2 Two-Stage Stretch Blow Molding
  • 7.6 Blown Film Extrusion
  • 7.7 Thermoforming
  • 7.8 Fiber Spinning
  • 7.8.1 Melt Spinning
  • 7.8.2 Electrospinning
  • References
  • 8 Extrusion of Biopolymers
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Conventional Extrusion of Biopolymers
  • 8.2.1 LSLF Extrusion
  • 8.3 Starch Extrusion
  • 8.4 Extrusion Screw Designs
  • 8.4.1 Turbo-Screw Design
  • 8.4.2 Pulverization Screw Design
  • 8.4.3 Reactive Extrusion Screw Design
  • References
  • 9 Commercial Applications of Bioplastics
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Packaging
  • 9.3 Bags
  • 9.4 Disposable Housewares
  • 9.5 Agriculture and Horticulture
  • 9.6 Medical Devices
  • 9.7 Consumer Electronics
  • 9.8 Automotive
  • References
  • 10 New Developments
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Materials
  • 10.2.1 Expanded PLA (EPLA) Bead and Foams
  • 10.2.2 Ecodear Nanoalloys
  • 10.2.3 Ecovio L Foam
  • 10.2.4 Ingeo 3D Series
  • 10.2.5 Expansorb
  • 10.2.6 LACTEL Absorbable Polymers
  • 10.3 Processing
  • 10.4 Applications
  • References
  • Index
  • Back Cover

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