The Campaigns of Alexander

 
 
Digireads.com Publishing
  • erschienen am 10. Februar 2020
  • |
  • 324 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-4209-6604-6 (ISBN)
 
Considered by many to be the most important work on Alexander the Great, Arrian's "The Campaigns of Alexander" or "The Anabasis of Alexander" is an accurate and thorough account of the Macedonian conqueror's military exploits. Arrian of Nicomedia was a Roman historian, public figure, military commander, and well-acclaimed philosopher of the 2nd century. As a youth, he studied under Epictetus, and later strove in his literary works to emulate the great soldier-historian, Xenophon. Written in the 2nd century, likely during the reign of Hadrian and nearly 400 years after the death of Alexander, Arrian had access to many important historical works which are now lost. He took information from the contemporary works of Callisthenes, Onesicritus, Nearchus, Aristobulus, and most significantly from the biography of Alexander by Ptolemy, one of Alexander's generals and possibly his half-brother. "Anabasis" translates as "a journey up-country from the sea" and the text focuses mainly on Alexander's military conquest of the Persian Empire between 336 and 323 BC. Divided into seven books, Arrian's work is the most complete historical account of Alexander's adult life and his unparalleled military victories over one of the world's greatest empires.
  • Englisch
  • La Vergne
  • |
  • USA
Neeland Media LLC
  • 3,95 MB
978-1-4209-6604-6 (9781420966046)
  • Intro
  • Life and Writings of Arrian
  • Book I.
  • 1. DEATH OF PHILIP & ACCESSION OF ALEXANDER-HIS WARS WITH THE THRACIANS.
  • 2. BATTLE WITH THE TRIBALLIANS.
  • 3. ALEXANDER AT THE DANUBE AND IN THE COUNTRY OF THE GETAE.
  • 4. ALEXANDER DESTROYS THE CITY OF THE GETAE-THE AMBASSADORS OF THE CELTS.
  • 5. REVOLT OF CLITUS AND GLAUCIAS.
  • 6. DEFEAT OF CLITUS AND GLAUCIAS.
  • 7. REVOLT OF THEBES.
  • 8. FALL OF THEBES.
  • 9. DESTRUCTION OF THEBES.
  • 10. ALEXANDER'S DEALINGS WITH ATHENS.
  • 11. ALEXANDER CROSSES THE HELLESPONT AND VISITS TROY.
  • 12. ALEXANDER AT THE TOMB OF ACHILLES-MEMNON'S ADVICE REJECTED BY THE PERSIAN GENERALS.
  • 13. BATTLE OF THE GRANICUS.
  • 14. ARRANGEMENT OF THE HOSTILE ARMIES.
  • 15. DESCRIPTION OF THE BATTLE OF THE GRANICUS.
  • 16. DEFEAT OF THE PERSIANS-LOSS ON BOTH SIDES.
  • 17. ALEXANDER IN SARDIS AND EPHESUS.
  • 18. ALEXANDER MARCHES TO MILETUS AND OCCUPIES THE ISLAND OF LADE.
  • 19. SIEGE AND CAPTURE OF MILETUS.
  • 20. SIEGE OF HALICARNASSUS.-ABORTIVE ATTACK ON MYNDUS.
  • 21. SIEGE OF HALICARNASSUS.
  • 22. SIEGE OF HALICARNASSUS.
  • 23. DESTRUCTION OF HALICARNASSUS.-ADA, QUEEN OF CARIA.
  • 24. ALEXANDER IN LYCIA AND PAMPHYLIA.
  • 25. TREASON OF ALEXANDER, SON OF AEROPUS.
  • 26. ALEXANDER IN PAMPHYLIA.-CAPTURE OF ASPENDUS AND SIDE.
  • 27. ALEXANDER IN PHRYGIA AND PISIDIA.
  • 28. OPERATIONS IN PISIDIA.
  • 29. ALEXANDER IN PHRYGIA.
  • Book II.
  • 1. CAPTURE OF MITYLENE BY THE PERSIANS.-DEATH OF MEMNON.
  • 2. THE PERSIANS CAPTURE TENEDUS.-THEY ARE DEFEATED AT SEA.
  • 3. ALEXANDER AT GORDIUM.
  • 4. CONQUEST OF CAPPADOCIA.-ALEXANDER'S ILLNESS AT TARSUS.
  • 5. ALEXANDER AT THE TOMB OF SARDANAPALUS.-PROCEEDINGS IN CILICIA.
  • 6. ALEXANDER ADVANCES TO MYRIANDRUS.-DARIUS MARCHES AGAINST HIM.
  • 7. DARIUS AT ISSUS.-ALEXANDER'S SPEECH TO HIS ARMY.
  • 8. ARRANGEMENT OF THE HOSTILE ARMIES.
  • 9. ALEXANDER CHANGES THE DISPOSITION OF HIS FORCES.
  • 10. BATTLE OF ISSUS.
  • 11. DEFEAT AND FLIGHT OF DARIUS.
  • 12. KIND TREATMENT OF DARIUS'S FAMILY.
  • 13. FLIGHT OF MACEDONIAN DESERTERS INTO EGYPT.-PROCEEDINGS OF AGIS, KING OF SPARTA.-ALEXANDER OCCUPIES PHOENICIA.
  • 14. DARIUS'S LETTER, AND ALEXANDER'S REPLY.
  • 15. ALEXANDER'S TREATMENT OF THE CAPTURED GREEK AMBASSADORS.-SUBMISSION OF BYBLUS AND SIDON.
  • 16. THE WORSHIP OF HERCULES IN TYRE.-THE TYRIANS REFUSE TO ADMIT ALEXANDER.
  • 17. SPEECH OF ALEXANDER TO HIS OFFICERS.
  • 18. SIEGE OF TYRE-CONSTRUCTION OF A MOLE FROM THE MAINLAND TO AN ISLAND.
  • 19. THE SIEGE OF TYRE.
  • 20. TYRE BESIEGED BY SEA AS WELL AS LAND.
  • 21. SIEGE OF TYRE.
  • 22. SIEGE OF TYRE.-NAVAL DEFEAT OF THE TYRIANS.
  • 23. SIEGE OF TYRE.
  • 24. CAPTURE OF TYRE.
  • 25. THE OFFERS OF DARIUS REJECTED.-BATIS, GOVERNOR OF GAZA, REFUSES TO SUBMIT.
  • 26. SIEGE OF GAZA.
  • 27. CAPTURE OF GAZA.
  • Book III.
  • 1. CONQUEST OF EGYPT.-FOUNDATION OF ALEXANDRIA.
  • 2. FOUNDATION OF ALEXANDRIA.-EVENTS IN THE AEGEAN.
  • 3. ALEXANDER VISITS THE TEMPLE OF AMMON.
  • 4. THE OASIS OF AMMON.
  • 5. SETTLEMENT OF THE AFFAIRS OF EGYPT.
  • 6. MARCH INTO SYRIA.-ALEXANDER'S KINDNESS TO HARPALUS AND HIS OTHER EARLY ADHERENTS.
  • 7. PASSAGE OF THE EUPHRATES AND TIGRIS.
  • 8. DESCRIPTION OF DARIUS'S ARMY AT ARBELA.
  • 9. ALEXANDER'S TACTICS.-HIS SPEECH TO THE OFFICERS.
  • 10. REJECTION OF PARMENIO'S ADVICE.
  • 11. TACTICS OF THE OPPOSING GENERALS.
  • 12. ALEXANDER'S TACTICS.
  • 13. THE BATTLE OF ARBELA.
  • 14. BATTLE OF ARBELA.-FLIGHT OF DARIUS.
  • 15. DEFEAT OF THE PERSIANS AND PURSUIT OF DARIUS.
  • 16. ESCAPE OF DARIUS INTO MEDIA.-MARCH OF ALEXANDER TO BABYLON AND SUSA.
  • 17. SUBJUGATION OF THE UXIANS.
  • 18. DEFEAT OF ARIOBARZANES AND CAPTURE OF PERSEPOLIS.
  • 19. DARIUS PURSUED INTO MEDIA AND PARTHTA.
  • 20. MARCH THROUGH THE CASPIAN GATES.
  • 21. DARIUS IS ASSASSINATED BY BESSUS.
  • 22. REFLECTIONS ON THE FATE OF DARIUS.
  • 23. EXPEDITION INTO HYRCANIA.
  • 24. EXPEDITION AGAINST MARDIANS.
  • 25. MARCH TO BACTRA.-BESSUS AIDED BY SATIBARZANES.
  • 26. PHILOTAS AND PARMENIO PUT TO DEATH.
  • 27. TREATMENT OF AMYNTAS.-THE ARIASPIANS.
  • 28. ALEXANDER CROSSES THE HINDU-KOOSH.
  • 29. CONQUEST OF BACTRIA, AND PURSUIT OF BESSUS ACROSS THE OXUS.
  • 30. CAPTURE OF BESSUS.-EXPLOITS IN SOGDIANA.
  • Book IV.
  • 1. REBELLION OF THE SOGDIANIANS.
  • 2. CAPTURE OF FIVE CITIES IN TWO DAYS.
  • 3. STORMING OF CYROPOLIS.-REVOLT OF THE SCYTHIANS.
  • 4. DEFEAT OF THE SCYTHIANS BEYOND THE TANAIS.
  • 5. SPITAMENES DESTROYS A MACEDONIAN DETACHMENT.
  • 6. SPITAMENES DRIVEN INTO THE DESERT.
  • 7. TREATMENT OF BESSUS.
  • 8. THE MURDER OF CLITUS.
  • 9. ALEXANDER'S GRIEF FOR CLITUS.
  • 10. DISPUTE BETWEEN CALLISTHENES AND ANAXARCHUS.
  • 11. CALLISTHENES OPPOSES THE PROPOSAL TO HONOR ALEXANDER BY PROSTRATION.
  • 12. CALLISTHENES REFUSES TO PROSTRATE HIMSELF.
  • 13. CONSPIRACY OF THE PAGES.
  • 14. EXECUTION OF CALLISTHENES AND HERMOLAUS.
  • 15. ALLIANCE WITH THE SCYTHIANS AND CHORASMIANS.
  • 16. SUBJUGATION OF SOGDIANA.-REVOLT OF SPITAMENES.
  • 17. DEFEAT AND DEATH OF SPITAMENES.
  • 18. OXYARTES BESIEGED IN THE SOGDIAN ROCK.
  • 19. ALEXANDER CAPTURES THE ROCK AND MARRIES ROXANA.
  • 20. MAGNANIMOUS TREATMENT OF THE FAMILY OF DARIUS.
  • 21. CAPTURE OF THE ROCK OF CHORIENES.
  • 22. ALEXANDER REACHES THE RIVER CABUL, AND RECEIVES THE HOMAGE OF TAXILES.
  • 23. BATTLES WITH THE ASPASIANS.
  • 24. OPERATIONS AGAINST THE ASPASIANS.
  • 25. DEFEAT OF THE ASPASIANS.-THE ASSACENIANS AND GURAEANS ATTACKED.
  • 26. SIEGE OF MASSAGA.
  • 27. SIEGES OF MASSAGA AND ORA.
  • 28. CAPTURE OF OAZIRA.-ADVANCE TO THE ROCK OF AORNUS.
  • 29. SIEGE OF AORNUS.
  • 30. CAPTURE OF AORNUS.-ARRIVAL AT THE INDUS.
  • Book V.
  • 1. ALEXANDER AT NYSA.
  • 2. ALEXANDER AT NYSA.
  • 3. INCREDULITY OF ERATOSTHENES.-PASSAGE OF THE INDUS.
  • 4. DIGRESSION ABOUT INDIA.
  • 5. MOUNTAINS AND RIVERS OF ASIA.
  • 6. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF INDIA.
  • 7. METHOD OF BRIDGING RIVERS.
  • 8. MARCH FROM THE INDUS TO THE HYDASPES.
  • 9. PORUS OBSTRUCTS ALEXANDER'S PASSAGE.
  • 10. ALEXANDER AND PORUS AT THE HYDASPES.
  • 11. ALEXANDER'S STRATAGEM TO GET ACROSS.
  • 12. PASSAGE OF THE HYDASPES.
  • 13. PASSAGE OF THE HYDASPES.
  • 14. THE BATTLE AT THE HYDASPES.
  • 15. ARRANGEMENTS OF PORUS.
  • 16. ALEXANDER'S TACTICS.
  • 17. DEFEAT OF PORUS.
  • 18. LOSSES OF THE COMBATANTS.-PORUS SURRENDERS.
  • 19. ALLIANCE WITH PORUS.-DEATH OF BUCEPHALAS.
  • 20. CONQUEST OF THE GLAUSIANS.-EMBASSY FROM ABISARES.-PASSAGE OF THE ACESINES.
  • 21. ADVANCE BEYOND THE HYDRAOTES.
  • 22. INVASION OF THE LAND OF THE CATHAEANS.
  • 23. ASSAULT UPON SANGALA.
  • 24. CAPTURE OF SANGALA.
  • 25. THE ARMY REFUSES TO ADVANCE.-ALEXANDER'S SPEECH TO THE OFFICERS.
  • 26. ALEXANDER'S SPEECH (continued).
  • 27. THE ANSWER OF COENUS.
  • 28. ALEXANDER RESOLVES TO RETURN.
  • 29. ALEXANDER RECROSSES THE HYDRAOTES AND ACESINES.
  • Book VI.
  • 1. PREPARATIONS FOR A VOYAGE DOWN THE INDUS.
  • 2. VOYAGE DOWN THE HYDASPES.
  • 3. VOYAGE DOWN THE HYDASPES (continued).
  • 4. VOYAGE DOWN THE HYDASPES INTO THE ACESINES.
  • 5. VOYAGE DOWN THE ACESINES.
  • 6. CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE MALLIANS.
  • 7. CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE MALLIANS (continued).
  • 8. DEFEAT OF THE MALLIANS AT THE RIVER HYDRAOTES.
  • 9. STORMING OF THE MALLIAN STRONGHOLD.
  • 10. ALEXANDER DANGEROUSLY WOUNDED.
  • 11. ALEXANDER WOUNDED.
  • 12. ANXIETY OF THE SOLDIERS ABOUT ALEXANDER.
  • 13. JOY OF THE SOLDIERS AT ALEXANDER'S RECOVERY.
  • 14. VOYAGE DOWN THE HYDRAOTES AND ACESINES INTO THE INDUS.
  • 15. VOYAGE DOWN THE INDUS TO THE LAND OF MUSICANUS.
  • 16. CAMPAIGN AGAINST OXYCANUS AND SAMBUS.
  • 17. MUSICANUS EXECUTED-CAPTURE OF PATALA.
  • 18. VOYAGE DOWN THE INDUS.
  • 19. VOYAGE DOWN THE INDUS INTO THE SEA.
  • 20. EXPLORATION OF THE MOUTHS OF THE INDUS.
  • 21. CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE ORITIANS.
  • 22. MARCH THROUGH THE DESERT OF GADROSIA.
  • 23. MARCH THROUGH THE DESERT OF GADROSIA.
  • 24. MARCH THROUGH GADROSIA.
  • 25. SUFFERINGS OF THE ARMY.
  • 26. ALEXANDER'S MAGNANIMOUS CONDUCT.
  • 27. MARCH THROUGH CARMANIA.-PUNISHMENT OF VICEROYS.
  • 28. ALEXANDER IN CARMANIA.
  • 29. ALEXANDER IN PERSIS.-TOMB OF CYRUS REPAIRED.
  • 30. PEUCESTAS APPOINTED VICEROY OF PERSIS.
  • Book VII.
  • 1. ALEXANDER'S PLANS.-THE INDIAN PHILOSOPHERS.
  • 2. ALEXANDER'S DEALINGS WITH THE INDIAN SAGES.
  • 3. SELF-SACRIFICE OF THE INDIAN CALANIUS.
  • 4. MARRIAGES BETWEEN MACEDONIANS AND PERSIANS.
  • 5. THE SOLDIERS REWARDED.
  • 6. AN ARMY OF ASIATICS TRAINED UNDER THE MACEDONIAN DISCIPLINE.
  • 7. NAVIGATION OF THE TIGRIS.
  • 8. THE MACEDONIANS OFFENDED AT ALEXANDER.
  • 9. ALEXANDER'S SPEECH.
  • 10. ALEXANDER'S SPEECH (continued).
  • 11. RECONCILIATION BETWEEN ALEXANDER AND HIS ARMY.
  • 12. TEN THOUSAND MACEDONIANS SENT HOME WITH CRATERUS.-DISPUTES BETWEEN ANTIPATER AND OLYMPIAS.
  • 13. THE NISAEAN PLAIN.-THE AMAZONS.
  • 14. DEATH OF HEPHAESTION.
  • 15. SUBJUGATION OF THE COSSAEANS.-EMBASSIES FROM DISTANT NATIONS.
  • 16. EXPLORATION OF THE CASPIAN.-THE CHALDAEAN SOOTHSAYERS.
  • 17. THE ADVICE OF THE CHALDEES REJECTED.
  • 18. PREDICTIONS OF ALEXANDER'S DEATH.
  • 19. EMBASSIES FROM GREECE.-FLEET PREPARED FOR INVADING ARABIA.
  • 20. DESCRIPTION OF ARABIA.-VOYAGE OF NEARCHUS.
  • 21. DESCRIPTION OF THE EUPHRATES AND THE PALLACOPAS.
  • 22. AN OMEN OF ALEXANDER'S APPROACHING DEATH.
  • 23. THE ARMY RECRUITED FROM THE PERSIANS.-HEPHAESTION'S MEMORY HONOURED.
  • 24. ANOTHER OMEN OF ALEXANDER'S DEATH.
  • 25. ALEXANDER SEIZED WITH FEVER.
  • 26. ALEXANDER'S DEATH.
  • 27. RUMOUR THAT ALEXANDER WAS POISONED.
  • 28. CHARACTER OF ALEXANDER.
  • 29. APOLOGY FOR ALEXANDER'S ERRORS.
  • 30. EULOGY OF ALEXANDER.
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