Advances in Safety Management and Human Factors

Proceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors, July 17-21, 2017, The Westin Bonaventure Hotel, Los Angeles, California, USA
 
 
Springer (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 22. Juni 2017
  • |
  • XIV, 643 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Wasserzeichen-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-319-60525-8 (ISBN)
 

This book discusses the latest findings on ensuring employees' safety, health, and welfare at work. It combines a range of disciplines - e.g. work physiology, health informatics, safety engineering, workplace design, injury prevention, and occupational psychology - and presents new strategies for safety management, including accident prevention methods such as performance testing and participatory ergonomics.

The book, which is based on the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors, held on July 17-21, 2017, in Los Angeles, California, USA, provides readers, including decision makers, professional ergonomists and program managers in government and public authorities, with a timely snapshot of the state of the art in the field of safety, health, and welfare management. It also addresses agencies such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), as well as other professionals dealing with occupational safety and health.

weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Pedro Arezes is a full Professor (Professor Catedrático) of Human Factors Engineering at the School of Engineering of the University of Minho (UMinho), in Portugal. He holds a PhD in Production and Systems Engineering from the University of Minho and he is a Visiting Fellow at AgeLab's MIT and Harvard University, in Boston - USA. He is currently a visiting scholar at MIT andHarvard University, in Boston, USA.
  • Intro
  • Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics 2017
  • Preface
  • Contents
  • Accident Analysis and Risk Prevention
  • Case Study in Best Practice Incident Investigation
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methodology
  • 3 Discussion
  • 4 Recommendations
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • "Day to Day, Town to Town, Sing My Songs, Travel on"? Examining Aspects of Precarious Employment for Work Psychologists in Austria
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Theoretical Background
  • 2.1 Precarious Employment for Work Psychologists in Austria
  • 2.2 Working Conditions and Psychological Wellbeing
  • 2.3 Organizational Role Theory and Social Support
  • 2.4 Hypotheses
  • 3 Method
  • 3.1 Sample
  • 3.2 Measures
  • 3.3 Data Analyses
  • 4 Results
  • 4.1 Correlates of an Undefined and Insecure Occupational Profile
  • 4.2 Mediating Effect of Role Ambiguity
  • 4.3 Moderating Effect of Cooperation with Occupational Physicians
  • 5 Discussion
  • 5.1 Limitations
  • 6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • Appendix: Item Wordings of Indices
  • References
  • Age-Related Impairments like Reduced Hearing Capacity - A Safety Issue for the Working World?
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Reduced Hearing Capacity
  • 1.2 Safety - Warning Signals, Information Signals or Environmental Noises
  • 2 Method
  • 2.1 Sample
  • 2.2 Procedure and Materials
  • 3 Results
  • 3.1 Audiometry
  • 3.2 Importance of Communication at the Workplace
  • 3.3 Difficult Hearing Situations
  • 4 Derivation of Procedures - Some Examples
  • 5 Discussion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Managing Tacit Knowledge in Safety Critical Systems
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Evaluation of Knowledge Management Processes
  • 2.1 Subject of Evaluation
  • 2.2 Promotors and Barriers of Knowledge Management
  • 2.3 Evaluation Method for Knowledge Management
  • 3 Elicitation of Tacit Knowledge
  • 4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Advancing Organisational Health and Safety Management: Are We Learning the Right Lessons?
  • Abstract
  • 1 Twenty-First Century Safety Management Challenges
  • 2 Mocando Well Blowout and Nuclear Disasters
  • 2.1 The Macondo Well Blowout
  • 2.2 Fukushima Nuclear Disaster
  • 3 A Failure to Learn the Right Lessons
  • 3.1 Organisational Learning
  • 3.2 Organisational Learning and Safety
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Anomaly in Safety Management: Is It Constantly Possible to Make Safety Compatible with Economy?
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Reasons Why Anomaly in Safety Management Occurs
  • 2.1 Mental Accounting
  • 2.2 Loss Aversion
  • 2.3 Safety Discount
  • 3 Discussion: How Anomaly in Safety Management Should Be Overcome
  • 3.1 Disclosure System
  • 3.2 Commitment and Emotional Approach to Safety
  • 3.3 Mechanism Design
  • 4 Conclusions
  • References
  • Needs and Opportunities for Applying Voluntary Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems in the High-Hazard U.S. Dairy Production Industry
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methods
  • 2.1 Interview Instruments
  • 2.2 Subject Recruitment and Interview Process
  • 2.3 Data Analysis
  • 3 Results
  • 3.1 Participant Demographics
  • 3.2 Interview Results
  • 3.3 Comparison Between Workers and Owners/Managers
  • 3.4 Strength of Opinions
  • 4 Discussion
  • 4.1 Limitations and Strengths
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Factors Which Affect Construction Safety in Different Types of Construction Work
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Review of the Causes of Accidents in the Construction Industry
  • 2.1 Causes of Accidents in the Construction Industry
  • 2.2 Asymmetric Information Held by Different Stakeholders on Sites
  • 3 Research Method
  • 4 Causes of Construction Accidents
  • 4.1 Buildings
  • 4.2 Skyscrapers
  • 4.3 Bridges
  • 4.4 Tunnels
  • 4.5 Summary
  • 5 Suggestions for Improving Construction Safety
  • 6 Conclusion
  • 7 Limitation
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Aviation Accident Analysis: A Case Study
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Description of the Accident
  • 3 Identification of Root Causes
  • 3.1 Environment
  • 3.2 People and Organization
  • 3.3 Technology
  • 3.4 Organizational
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • European Countries Social and Working Conditions Association with Fatal and Non-fatal Occupational Accidents
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Fatal and Non-fatal Accidents at Work (2014 Data)
  • 3 Selected Dimensions of the European Social Survey (2014 Data)
  • 4 Selection of Dimensions from the European Working Conditions Survey (2015 Data)
  • 5 Results of Analysis of Association
  • 6 Discussion
  • 7 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgement
  • References
  • Culture and Organizational Aspects
  • Are Safety Culture Assessments Really Necessary?
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Culture and Behavior
  • 3 Assessing Culture: Emic and Etic Approaches
  • 4 The Development of Culture
  • 5 Influencing (Safety) Culture
  • References
  • Strategically Developing a Resilient Safety Culture: Organizational Mindfulness and Mindful Organizing
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Collective Mindfulness
  • 3 Organizational Mindfulness - The Five Key Principles
  • 3.1 Principle 1 - Preoccupation with Failure
  • 3.2 Principle 2 - Reluctance to Simplify
  • 3.3 Principle 3 - Sensitivity to Operations
  • 3.4 Principle 4 - Commitment to Resilience
  • 3.5 Principle 5 - Deference to Expertise
  • 4 Current Research Exploring Workforce Shared Perceptions
  • 4.1 Results
  • 5 Organizational Mindfulness Culture Discussion
  • 6 Summary
  • References
  • Development and Initial Testing of a Regulatory Body Safety Culture Perception Survey
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Regulator Safety Culture
  • 2 Study 1: Framework Development
  • 2.1 Purpose
  • 2.2 Method
  • 2.3 Study 1 Results and Discussion
  • 3 Study 2: Evaluating a Perception Survey
  • 3.1 Survey Development
  • 3.2 Method
  • 3.3 Study 2 Results and Discussion
  • 4 Summary and Concluding Discussion
  • Appendix A: Themes and Example Statements
  • References
  • Role of Emotions in Risk Perception
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Anger, Fear, and Anxiety
  • 3 Risk Perception and Affect
  • 3.1 The Affect Heuristic and Valence Theory
  • 3.2 Cognitive Dimensions
  • 4 Activities and Products: Perception of Benefits vs. Risks
  • 4.1 Adrenaline Sports and Gambling: Sensation Seeking and Emotional Control
  • 5 Interpersonal Relationships
  • 5.1 Social Media and Dating
  • 6 Adolescents
  • 6.1 Difference in Emotional Control and Risk Perception
  • 6.2 Alcohol and Controlled Substance Use
  • References
  • Safety Culture in the Ergonomics Perspective: Case Study in Offshore Platforms
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Integrated Industrial Safety
  • 3 Safety Culture
  • 4 Methodology
  • 5 Main Results
  • 6 Discussion
  • References
  • Importance of Safety Guidelines on South African Construction Sites
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Safety Guidelines in the Construction Industry
  • 3 Research Methodology
  • 4 Findings and Discussion
  • 5 Conclusion and Recommendation
  • References
  • Usability of Machinery
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Design and Operation
  • 3 European Regulations
  • 4 Human Machine Interface
  • 5 Feedback Method
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Contributory Factors Analysis on Undergraduates' Unsafe Acts at University
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Method
  • 2.1 Questionnaire
  • 2.2 Data Collection
  • 3 Results
  • 3.1 Reliability and Validity Analysis of the Questionnaire
  • 3.2 Assumptions for Developing SEM
  • 3.3 SEM Development
  • 3.4 SEM Revision
  • 4 Discussion
  • 5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Analysis on Human Unsafe Acts Contributing to Falling Accidents in Construction Industry
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methods
  • 3 Results and Discussion
  • 4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Study of the Influence of Training in Occupational Safety and Health in the Human Factors of the Con ...
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Materials and Methods
  • 3 Results and Discussion
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Towards a Framework for Steering Safety Performance: A Review of the Literature on Leading Indicators
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Measurement of Safety Performance
  • 3 Result Chain Model
  • 4 Interrelating Safety Concepts and the Results Change Model
  • 5 OHS Leading Indicators
  • 6 Implications of Findings and Conclusions
  • References
  • Applications in Safety Management and Loss Prevention
  • Motigravity: A New VR System to Increase Performance and Safety in Space Operations Simulation and Rehabilitation Medicine
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Structure of Motigravity
  • 3 Example of a Tested Space Application
  • 4 Example of a Planned Medical Application
  • 5 Comparison with Existing VR Treadmills
  • 6 Test of Performance Quality
  • 7 Conclusion and Further Development
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Two-Hand Actuator Placement for Power Press Operation: A Reexamination of After-Reach Speeds
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methods
  • 2.1 Data Source
  • 2.2 Data Analysis
  • 3 Results
  • 3.1 Checking Raw Data for Normality
  • 3.2 Transformation to Create a Normally Distributed Data Set
  • 3.3 After-Reach Speeds by Percentiles
  • 4 Discussion and Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Risk Communication for Consumer Products
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 The Hazard Control Hierarchy
  • 2.1 Basic Fundamental Elements
  • 2.2 Elements May Be Added in Certain Use Environments
  • 2.3 Adoption of Hazard Control Hierarchy
  • 3 Methods to Communicate Risk
  • 3.1 Instructions
  • 3.2 Warnings
  • 3.3 Other Types of Risk Communication
  • 4 Location
  • 5 Anti-warning: Downplaying Risk
  • References
  • Soldier Protection of Staying in the Radiated Field Generated by Antenna of Selected Military Communications Systems
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Impact of High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields at Living Cells
  • 3 Protection from Ionizing Radiation Power at the Location of Operations Military Communications Systems
  • 4 Measurements of Electromagnetic Fields Components
  • 5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Work Automation and Psychophysical Hazards in Employees' Opinion
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Research Problems
  • 2.1 Automation as the Contemporary Focus in Labor Research
  • 2.2 Psychophysical Factors in the Transformation Perspective
  • 3 Methods of Research and Data
  • 4 Discussion
  • 5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Is It Smart to Use Smartphones to Measure Illuminance for Occupational Health and Safety Purposes?
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Materials and Methods
  • 2.1 Mobile Phones and Applications
  • 2.2 Experimental Conditions and Procedures
  • 2.3 Data Analysis
  • 3 Results and Discussion
  • 3.1 Operating System
  • 3.2 Applications
  • 3.3 Smartphones
  • 4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Analysis of Competencies for Decision Crisis Management in Actions Under Progressive Stress: A Simul ...
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Competency Development
  • 3 Method
  • 4 Result
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Investigation of Human's Evacuation Behavior in Multi-ethnics Jumping-off of China
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Materials and Methods
  • 2.1 Survey Design
  • 2.2 Survey Conducting
  • 3 Results
  • 3.1 Individual Information
  • 3.2 Fire Safety Knowledge
  • 3.3 Human's Behaviors in Fire
  • 3.4 Human's Lifestyle
  • 4 Discussion
  • Appendix: p-Values Between Evacuation Behaviors and Personal Characteristics
  • References
  • Assessment of Human Factors Analysis and Classification System in Construction Accident Prevention
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Research Objectives
  • 3 Design/Methodology
  • 4 Literature Review
  • 5 Background of Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS)
  • 6 Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) Framework
  • 7 Unsafe Acts of Workers Leading to Accidents
  • 8 Preventive Efforts to Eliminate Occurrence of Accident
  • 9 Lessons Learned
  • 10 Conclusion
  • References
  • Human Element as the Contributing Factor Towards Construction Accidents from the Perspective of Malaysian Residential Construction Industry
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Fatalities in Malaysian Construction Industry
  • 3 Human Element as the Contributing Factor Towards Construction Accidents
  • 4 Method
  • 4.1 Questionnaire
  • 4.2 In-Depth Interview
  • 5 Results and Discussion
  • 6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Lessons Learned from Analysis of Los Frailes Tailing Dam Failure
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Case Description
  • 3 Swiss Cheese Model Description
  • 4 Analysis of the Accident
  • 5 Results and Conclusion
  • References
  • Blame Culture in Workplace Accidents Investigation: Current Model Discussion and Shift Requirements ...
  • Abstract
  • 1 Investigation os Accidentes and Blame Culture in Companies
  • 2 Does Human Error Reveal or Hide the True Causes of Accidentes?
  • 3 Methodology
  • 4 Analysis and Discussion
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Burning and Electrocution Risk's Evaluation and Prevention Procedures: A Case Study in a Production Work Shop
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Method and Procedures
  • 2.1 Sample
  • 2.2 Tools
  • 2.3 Procedures
  • 2.3.1 Diagnosis Stage
  • 2.3.2 Evaluation Stage
  • 3 Results
  • 3.1 Diagnosis Stage
  • 3.2 Evaluation Stage
  • 3.2.1 Frequency of Exposure to Risks
  • 3.2.2 Level of Risk Detection (LR)
  • 3.2.3 Level of Severity (LS)
  • 3.2.4 Risk Increasing Factors
  • 3.2.5 The Dose of Exposure to Risks (DE)
  • 3.2.6 Level of Exposure to Risk (LE)
  • 3.2.7 Level of Risk (LR)
  • 4 Discussion
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Development of Child Climbing Behavior Video Database
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methods
  • 3 Results
  • 4 Discussion
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgement
  • References
  • STAMP Analysis of the Hanmi Short Selling Episode
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Background Information and Literature Review
  • 2.1 Proximate Events
  • 3 Analysis of the Hanmi Short Selling Episode
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • An Epidemiological Perspective of Individual and Population Health Risk Prevention
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Risk Factors and Causality
  • 2 Individuals Versus Population Risks
  • 2.1 Risk Factors of Individuals
  • 2.2 Risk Variation Among Populations
  • 3 How Risk Factors Change Over an Individual's Lifespan
  • 4 Consumption Patterns: Discrepancies Among Populations
  • 5 Evaluation of Individual and Population Prevention Approaches
  • 5.1 Prevention on an Individual Level and the Prevention Paradox
  • 5.2 Prevention at a Population Level
  • 5.3 Case Study: Vaccinations
  • References
  • Development of a Risk Assessment Tool for Small Scale Gold Mining in the Philippines
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methodology
  • 2.1 Model Development
  • 2.2 Model Application
  • 3 Results and Discussion
  • 3.1 Compliance to Safety Standards and Control
  • 3.2 Strength of Agreement of the Risk Level
  • 3.3 Usability Test
  • 4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Proposal of a Mathematical Model of Prediction of Sinistrality Values for Valuation of Organizationa ...
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Materials and Methods
  • 2.1 Questionnaire
  • 2.2 General Sample Characterization
  • 2.3 Methodology of Processing and Analysis of Data
  • 3 Results and Discussion
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Behavior Monitoring with Non-wearable Sensors for Precision Nursing
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Method
  • 2.1 The Non-wearable Sensing System
  • 3 Results
  • 4 Discussion
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Thermal Environment: Case Study of a Meat Processing Industry
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Types of Thermal Environments
  • 1.2 Types of Response to Different Thermal Environments
  • 2 Methods
  • 3 Results and Discussion
  • 4 Conclusions
  • References
  • Examination of Occupational Health and Safety Practices in Ghana
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Design/Methodology
  • 3 Literature Review
  • 3.1 Institutional Environment
  • 3.2 Occupational Health and Safety Legislation
  • 3.3 Regulation Setting
  • 3.4 International Labour Organisation (ILO) Conventions Ratified by Ghana
  • 3.5 International Labour Convention 1981 (No. 155)
  • 3.6 Occupational Health and Safety Trend in Ghana
  • 3.7 Challenges of Occupation Health and Safety in Ghana
  • 4 Lessons Learnt
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Safety and Ergonomics
  • Smart Phone Use and the Increased Risks of Cumulative Trauma Disorders in Children
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Method
  • 2.1 Participants
  • 2.2 Experimental Design
  • 2.3 Equipment
  • 2.4 Procedure
  • 3 Results
  • 3.1 Questionnaire Results - Daily Use and Musculoskeletal Symptoms
  • 3.2 Neck Flexion and Viewing Distance
  • 4 Discussion
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Ergonomic Assessment Tool for Real-Time Risk Assessment of Seated Work Postures
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Review of Methods for Posture Measurements of Human Body
  • 2.1 Recommended Guidelines While Seating to Undertake Manual Handling Tasks
  • 2.1.1 United Kingdom's Health and Safety Executive [4]
  • 2.1.2 United States of America's Occupational Safety and Health Administration [32-36]
  • 2.1.3 Germany's Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA) [5]
  • 2.1.4 Singapore's Workplace Safety and Health Council [37, 38]
  • 3 Methodology
  • 3.1 Overview of the Developed Posture Assessment Tool
  • 3.2 Procedure for Testing the Developed Tool
  • 4 Results
  • 4.1 Tracking the Neutral Position
  • 4.2 Tracking Deviations from the Neutral Position
  • 5 Discussion
  • 6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Three Times Smart - Smart Workplaces, Smart Lighting & Smart Glass
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Literature Review
  • 2.1 Visual and Nonvisual Systems
  • 2.2 LEDs
  • 2.3 Workplace
  • 2.4 Wellbeing
  • 2.5 Smart Glass
  • 3 Discussion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Analysis of Infrared Imaging During Vertical Handling Tasks in Workers with Different Levels of Obesity
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methodology
  • 2.1 Participants and Experimental Task
  • 2.2 Thermographic Data Collection and Analysis
  • 3 Results and Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Safety Culture and Its Contributing Factor in Education Sector in Malaysia
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Safety Issues in Malaysian Education Sector
  • 1.2 Safety Culture in Its Contributing Factors
  • 2 Method
  • 2.1 Sample description
  • 2.2 Reliability
  • 3 Results
  • 3.1 Assessment of the Measurement Model
  • 4 Discussion and Recommendations
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Dynamic Fuzzy Safety Analysis of an Industrial System
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Forward Problem
  • 2.1 Fuzzy Dynamic Fault Tree (FDFT)
  • 2.2 Fuzzy Markov Chain (FMC)
  • 2.3 Calculation of the Top Event of the Dynamic Fault Tree Using the Fuzzy Markov Model
  • 3 Example
  • 4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Implementation Proposal of OH&S Management System According to the Standard ISO/DIS 45001
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Comparative Study of the OHSAS 18001 and the Upcoming ISO 45001 Standard
  • 2.1 Major Changes in the Requirements of the ISO/DIS 45001standard
  • 3 Application of New the Requirements of ISO/DIS 45001 in a Selected Company
  • 3.1 The Description of the Selected Company
  • 3.2 Current Situation Analysis Related to ISO/DIS 45001
  • 3.3 The Changes in Relation to the Requirements of ISO/DIS 45001
  • 4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Assessing the Safety Use of Tower Cranes on Construction Sites in Central Region of Ghana
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Problem Statement
  • 1.2 Aim
  • 1.3 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Significance of the Study
  • 2 Literature Review
  • 2.1 Operator
  • 2.2 Slinger Signaller
  • 2.3 Factors Affecting Safety in Tower Crane Operations
  • 2.4 General Provisions in Using Tower Crane
  • 3 Research Methodology
  • 4 Findings and Discussion
  • 5 Conclusion
  • 5.1 Recommendation
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Study on Error-Cognition Mechanism of Task Interface in Complex Information System
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Objective
  • 3 Method
  • 4 Model
  • 4.1 Operator's Cognitive Behavior Model
  • 4.2 Analytical Model of Cognitive Error Recognition
  • 4.3 Error Recognition Analytical Model
  • 4.4 Eye-Tracking Experimental Model
  • 5 Application
  • 5.1 Experiment Design
  • 5.2 Experiment Results and Discussion
  • 6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • The Design of Alarm Systems and Alarm Management - An Empirical Investigation from an Ergonomic Pers ...
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Method
  • 2.1 Checklist Development
  • 2.2 Checklist Suitability
  • 2.3 Checklist Application
  • 2.4 Statistical Analysis
  • 3 Results
  • 3.1 Compliance in General
  • 3.2 (Non-)compliance with Specific Requirements
  • 4 Discussion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Assessment and Comparison of Human-Robot Co-work Order Picking Systems Focused on Ergonomic Factors
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Human-Robot Co-work Order Picking Systems
  • 2.1 AS/RS Type Order Picking Systems
  • 2.2 Moving Robot Type Order Picking Systems
  • 3 Simulation
  • 3.1 Subjects and Task
  • 3.2 Posture and Task Simulation
  • 3.3 Posture Assessment
  • 4 Results and Discussion
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • A Press-Through Package Design Similarity Index with Inpainting Technique
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methodology
  • 2.1 Image Thresholding
  • 2.2 Neural Network
  • 2.3 Extraction of Tablet Portion Rectangles
  • 2.4 Application of Image Inpainting
  • 3 Evaluation
  • 3.1 Method
  • 3.2 Results and Discussion
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Ergonomic Work Analysis of Industrial Quality Control Workstations
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Materials and Methods
  • 2.1 Stages of the Study
  • 2.2 Data Collection and Procedures
  • 2.3 Data Analysis
  • 3 Results and Discussion
  • 3.1 Socio-Demographics' and Job's Characteristics
  • 3.2 Self-reported Symptoms
  • 3.3 OWAS and RULA Scores
  • 3.4 Lighting Conditions
  • 3.5 "Anti-fatigue" Mats Study
  • 4 Proposed Solutions
  • 5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Fatigue and Performance
  • The Exploration and Analysis of the Influence Factors for Staff Interactive Relationship
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Design the Scheme of Investigation
  • 2.1 Design of Questionnaire
  • 2.2 Determination of Sample Size
  • 2.3 Reliability and Validity of Questionnaire Data
  • 3 The Establishment of SEM
  • 3.1 Establishment of SEM Model
  • 3.2 Overall Fitting Evaluation of the Initial Model
  • 3.3 Adjustment of the Model
  • 4 Model Analysis
  • 4.1 Influence Score of the Factor Index
  • 4.2 Model Analysis
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • The Effects of Night Shift Schedule on Workers' Life and Wellbeing: Gender Differences
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Materials and Method
  • 2.1 Participants
  • 2.2 Procedure
  • 3 Data Analysis and Results
  • 3.1 Health Effects
  • 3.2 Fatigue
  • 3.3 Psychology
  • 4 Discussion
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Occupational Health and Safety Dimensions and Work Outcomes in the Mental Hospitals in Ghana: The Moderating Effect of Job Satisfaction
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Theory and Hypotheses Generation
  • 2.1 Occupational Health and Safety, and Employee Engagement
  • 2.2 Occupational Health and Safety and Turnover Intention
  • 2.3 The Moderating Effect of Job Satisfaction
  • 3 Method
  • 3.1 Participants and Procedures
  • 3.2 Measures
  • 4 Results
  • 4.1 Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  • 4.2 Hypothesis Testing
  • 5 Discussion
  • 5.1 Practical Implications of the Study
  • 5.2 Limitations and Future Research Direction
  • 6 Recommendations and Conclusions
  • References
  • Noninvasive Estimation of Lumber Disk Load During Motion to Improve the Posture
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Method
  • 3 Experiment
  • 3.1 Overview
  • 3.2 Result
  • 3.3 Consideration
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Safety and Prevention Management
  • Mining Traffic Data for the Development of an Accident Warning Application for Tourists
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Related Work
  • 3 Data Analysis Methodology
  • 3.1 Data Pre-processing
  • 3.2 Map Matching Accidents to Geolocation
  • 3.3 Self-organizing Maps
  • 4 Results
  • 5 Patterns Identification
  • 6 A Software Application to Supports Tourist Drivers
  • 7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Driving Workload Indicators: The Case of Senior Drivers
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 State of the Art
  • 3 Methodology
  • 4 Results
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • A Study of the Knowledge, Attitude, Behaviour and Practices Pertaining to the Safety of Public Schoo ...
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Literature Review
  • 2.1 Health and Safety Among Commuting Children
  • 2.2 Knowledge, Attitude, Behaviour and Practices (KABP) Approach
  • 3 Method
  • 4 Findings
  • 4.1 Knowledge
  • 4.2 Attitude
  • 4.3 Practices
  • 4.4 Practices
  • 5 Discussion
  • 5.1 Drivers' Knowledge
  • 5.2 Drivers' Attitude
  • 5.3 Drivers' Practices
  • 5.4 Drivers' Intention
  • 6 Recommendations
  • 6.1 Focused, Specialised Training and Examinations to Reinforcing the Operators' "Knowledge" and Eve ...
  • 6.2 Reinforcement of Laws for Improved "Attitude"
  • 6.3 Provision of Improved Infrastructure to Encourage Good "Intention"
  • 7 Conclusion and Scope for Further Research
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • An Integrative Literature Review: What Are the Barriers that Stop Organisations from Learning the Lessons Highlighted in Serious Incident Investigations?
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methods for Search, Selection and Review
  • 2.1 Inclusion and Exclusion of Articles
  • 2.2 Critical Appraisal
  • 3 Findings and Discussion
  • 3.1 Theme 1: Incident Reporting
  • 3.2 Theme 2: Incident Investigation
  • 3.3 Theme 3: Investigation Models and Methods
  • 3.4 Theme 4: Recommendations and Preventative Action Planning
  • 3.5 Theme 5: Learning Opportunities
  • 3.6 Gaps in the Literature
  • 3.7 Recommendations for Best Practice
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • The Study of Population Evacuation Problems
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Particle Swarm Optimization
  • 3 Avoidance Mechanism
  • 3.1 Evaluation Function
  • 3.2 Judgment Mechanism
  • 4 Simulation and Analysis
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Author Index

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