Pharmacology

A Handbook for Complementary Healthcare Professionals
 
 
Churchill Livingstone (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 3. Oktober 2008
  • |
  • 352 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-7020-3619-4 (ISBN)
 
Pharmacology: A Handbook for Complementary Healthcare Professionals provides an accessible text and source book of pharmacology for both students and practitioners of complementary medicine. It covers the basic chemistry which builds into an understanding of basic organic chemistry, key pharmacological principles, herbal and nutritional chemical constituents and the use of conventional medication. Various different aspects are treated in a way, which creates linkages for clarity and clinical relevance.
Written in an accessible style and highly illustrated throughout.
  • Relevant to all students and practitioners of complementary medicine
  • Easy to read
  • Includes over 200 illustrations
  • Written by a leading practitioner and lecturer in pharmacology
  • Englisch
  • London
Elsevier Health Sciences
  • 27,20 MB
978-0-7020-3619-4 (9780702036194)
0702036196 (0702036196)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front cover
  • Pharmacology: A handbook for complementary healthcare professionals
  • Copyright page
  • Contents
  • Foreword (Charles Buck)
  • Foreword (Kenneth Vall)
  • Acknowledgements
  • Chapter 1 Introduction
  • A Few Notes on the Text
  • Conclusion
  • Section 1: Basic pharmacological principles
  • Chapter 2 The atom: the smallest unit of pharmacology
  • What is an Atom?
  • The Structure of an Atom
  • The Electron is the Key to Pharmacology
  • Chapter 3 Bonds found in biological chemistry
  • The Significance of Different Types of Bond
  • Covalent Bonds
  • 'Oil and Water Don't Mix'
  • Ionic Bonds
  • Hydrogen Bonds
  • Van Der Waals Attraction
  • Chapter 4 Bonds continued
  • Double Bonds
  • Triple Bonds
  • Aromatic Rings
  • Long Structures
  • The Significance of Polar and Non-Polar Bonds
  • Emulsification
  • Reactions You might Encounter in Literature Related to Bonding
  • Chapter 5 Nomenclature, representation of chemical structures and basic terminology
  • The Functional Groups
  • Naming Compounds with a Hydrocarbon Backbone
  • Naming Aromatic Compounds
  • Naming Isomers
  • Naming Sugars
  • Naming Lipids
  • Further Shorthand
  • R Groups
  • Two-Dimensional Representations of Three-Dimensional Shapes (Figure 5.8)
  • Some General Terminology
  • Naming Orthodox Medication
  • Chapter 6 Isomers
  • Structural Isomers
  • Stereoisomers
  • What Happens When a Compound has More Than One Chiral Centre?
  • Alkaloids
  • Chapter 7 Free radicals
  • How are Free Radicals Formed?
  • What Causes Free Radicals?
  • How do Free Radicals Cause Damage?
  • Normal Occurrences of Free Radicals
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Superoxides
  • Effects of Free Radical Damage
  • Body's Protection Against Free Radicals
  • Useful Free Radicals
  • Diseases Associated with Free Radical Damage
  • Poisoning with Herbicides
  • Chapter 8 Acids and bases
  • The Involvement of Water in Acid-Base Reactions
  • Acids and Bases
  • What is pH?
  • What is pK?
  • How Are the pH and pK Values Relevant to Absorption?
  • Conjugate Acids and Bases
  • pKa and pKb
  • How is pH - or Hydrogen Ion Concentration - Controlled in the Body?
  • Section 2: Important primary metabolic components
  • Chapter 9 Carbohydrates
  • Plant Metabolism
  • Formation of Carbohydrates
  • Function of Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides
  • Nomenclature of Sugars
  • Disaccharides, e.g. Sucrose
  • Polysaccharides
  • The Formation of Carbohydrate Polymers
  • Why is Cellulose Difficult to Break Down?
  • Fat-free Foods
  • Polysaccharides with Special Uses
  • Chapter 10 Lipids
  • Characteristics of Fatty Acids
  • General Information on Fatty Acids
  • Significance of Phospholipids
  • Waxes
  • Glycolipids
  • Chapter 11 Amino acids and proteins
  • Amino Acids
  • Proteins
  • The Chemical Characteristics of Amino Acids and their Relevance to Pharmacology
  • Chapter 12 Purines and pyrimidines
  • Nucleosides and Nucleotides
  • Metabolism of Purines and Pyrimidines
  • DNA and RNA
  • Chapter 13 Vitamins and minerals
  • Reference Values
  • People at Risk from Deficiencies
  • Metals
  • Two Important Elements
  • Trace Elements
  • Water-Soluble Vitamins
  • Fat-Soluble Vitamins
  • Section 3: Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics
  • Chapter 14 Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics: introduction
  • Chapter 15 Methods of administration
  • Enteral Administration
  • Different Types of Oral Delivery System
  • General Gastrointestinal Tract Health
  • Parenteral Administration
  • Chapter 16 How do drugs get into cells?
  • Absorption at the Cellular Level
  • Distribution of the Drug
  • Chapter 17 Metabolism
  • The Liver
  • The Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Enterohepatic Cycle or Circulation
  • Chapter 18 Drug excretion
  • Kidneys
  • Bile
  • Lungs
  • Saliva, Tears and Perspiration
  • Breast Milk
  • Chapter 19 Pharmacodynamics: how drugs elicit a physiological effect
  • The 'Lock and Key' Hypothesis
  • Enzymes
  • Receptors
  • Carrier Molecules
  • Feedback Loops
  • Factors Affecting a Patient's Response to a Drug
  • Adverse Reactions
  • Section 4: Plant pharmacology
  • Chapter 20 Introduction to plant pharmacology: secondary metabolites
  • Chapter 21 Phenols
  • Shikimic Acid
  • Abridged Phenylpropanoids
  • Simple Phenols
  • Quinones
  • Xanthones
  • Coumarins
  • Flavonoids
  • Tannins
  • Lignin
  • Chapter 22 Terpenes
  • Monoterpenes
  • Sesquiterpenes
  • Diterpenes
  • Triterpenes (or Triterpenoids)
  • Tetraterpenes
  • Chapter 23 Amines and alkaloids
  • Amines
  • Alkaloids
  • Chapter 24 Glycosides
  • Anthraquinones
  • Saponins
  • Cardiac Glycosides
  • Cyanogenic Glycosides
  • Isothiocyanates (Glucosinolates)
  • Section 5: Orthodox medication
  • Chapter 25 Orthodox medicine: introduction
  • Chapter 26 Cardiovascular disorders
  • Physiology of the Heart
  • Cardiac Conditions
  • Chapter 27 Problems with lipid metabolism
  • What Happens to Lipids after Absorption?
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Hyperlipidaemia
  • Antiobesity Medication
  • Chapter 28 Blood disorders
  • Anaemias
  • Thalassaemia
  • Leukaemia
  • Haemostasis
  • Antiplatelet Drugs
  • Haemophilia
  • Chapter 29 Antimicrobials
  • Bacterial Structure
  • Antimicrobial Medication
  • Bacterial Resistance
  • Antiviral Drugs
  • Chapter 30 Inflammation and the immune system
  • Origins of the Immune System
  • The Function of the Immune System
  • Why is An Anti-Inflammatory Response Necessary?
  • Components of the Immune System
  • How Does the Immune System Work?
  • The Inflammatory System
  • Proteins Involved in the Inflammatory and Immune Systems
  • Anti-Inflammatory Medication
  • Chapter 31 The nervous system
  • How an Electrical Impulse is Generated
  • Muscle Contraction
  • The Autonomic Nervous System
  • Neurotransmitters
  • Pharmacology in the Central Nervous System
  • Chapter 32 Analgesia and relief of pain
  • Analgesics
  • Principles Behind Analgesic Drugs
  • Specific Analgesics
  • Chapter 33 Neurological disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • The Psychoses
  • Depression
  • Mania and Hypomania
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Chapter 34 Respiratory diseases
  • Allergies
  • Respiratory Diseases
  • Chapter 35 Gastrointestinal disorders
  • Anatomy of the Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Microflora of the Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Gastrointestinal Disorders
  • Chapter 36 Urinary tract infection
  • Lower Urinary Tract
  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Prostatitis
  • Urinary Stones
  • Renal Cancer
  • Bladder Cancer
  • Chapter 37 Metabolic disorders
  • Pineal Gland
  • Pituitary Gland
  • Thyroid Gland
  • Parathyroid Gland
  • Adrenal Glands
  • Thymus Gland
  • Reproductive Hormones
  • Pancreas
  • Other Metabolic Conditions
  • Chapter 38 Reproductive hormones
  • Female Hormones
  • The Menstrual Cycle
  • Pregnancy
  • Birth
  • Oral Contraceptives
  • Infertility Treatment
  • Menopause
  • What are the Natural Alternatives?
  • The Male Reproductive System
  • Chapter 39 Chemotherapy
  • History
  • Uses of Chemotherapy
  • The Cell Cycle
  • The Aims of Chemotherapy Treatment
  • Terminology
  • Major Groups of Cancer
  • Chemotherapeutic agents
  • Section 6: Toxicology
  • Chapter 40 Toxicology
  • The Occurrence of Poisons
  • Drug Absorption
  • Distribution and Transport
  • Tolerance
  • Detoxification
  • Genetic Factors
  • Factors that Alter Toxicity
  • Drug Interactions
  • Plants Absorbing Chemicals
  • Section 7: The final analysis
  • Chapter 41 Scientific tests
  • Blood Tests
  • Qualitative Analysis In Brief
  • Chapter 42 Information gathering and the final analysis
  • Internet Portals and Gateways
  • Professional Journals
  • Websites
  • Index
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • X
  • Z

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