This book analyzes the phenomenon of xenophobia across African countries. With its roots in colonialism, which coercively created modern states through border delineation and the artificial merging and dividing of communities, xenophobia continues to be a barrier to post-colonial sustainable peace and security and socio-economic and political development in Africa. This volume critically assesses how xenophobia has impacted the three elements of political economy: state, economy and society. Beginning with historical and theoretical analysis to put xenophobia in context, the book moves on to country-specific case studies discussing the nature of xenophobia in Nigeria, South Africa, Zambia, Ghana and Zimbabwe. The chapters furthermore explore both violent and non-violent manifestations of xenophobia, and analyze how state responses to xenophobia affects African states, economies, and societies, especially in those cases where xenophobia has widespread institutional support. Providing a theoretical understanding of xenophobia and proffering sustainable solutions to the proliferation of xenophobia in the continent, this book is of use to researchers and students interested in political science, African politics, peace studies, security, and development economics, as well as policy-makers working to eradicate xenophobia in Africa.
Akinola holds a Doctoral Degree in Political Science from the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. He has more than 10 years of teaching and research experience at the following Universities: Obafemi Awolowo University, University of KwaZulu-Natal and University of Zululand. Upon completion of a 2-year Postdoctoral fellowship in Public Governance at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, he is presently a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Department of Public Administration and Political Science, University of Zululand, South Africa. He is widely published, and was the recipient of the 2013 UPEACE/IDRC Doctoral Award, Africa Programme for Rethinking Development Economics (APORDE) 2015 and South African National Research Foundation, and KIC Individual Travel Grants in 2016. He specializes in African Political Economy, Globalization, Governance, Peace and Conflict Studies.
Chapter 1: Introduction.- Chapter 2: Crisis of Identity and Xenophobia in Africa: The Imperative of a Pan-African Thought Liberation.- Chapter 3: The Scourge of Xenophobia: From Botswana to Zambia.- Chapter 4: A Comparative Analysis of the Context of Xenophobia in Nigeria and South Africa.- Chapter 5: Democratization of Xenophobia in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Case of the Legitimization of Xenophobia in Ghana.- Chapter 6: South African Higher Education: The Paradox of Soft Power and Xenophobia.- Chapter 7: Frustration-Aggression, Afrophobia and the Psycho-Social Consequences of Corruption in South Africa.- Chapter 8: From Hate To Love: Black South Africans and the Xenophobia Project.- Chapter 9: Xenophobia, Racism and the Travails of 'Black' Immigrants in South Africa.- Chapter 10: Xenophobia-Coloniality Nexus: The Zimbabwean Experience.- Chapter 11: The Quest for Development in Zimbabwe: Rethinking the Xeno-Ethnophobia.- Chapter 12: Xenophobia and the Paradox of Regionalism in Africa: The ECOWAS Experience.-