This edited volume explores the state of inclusive governance in South Asia. It particularly examines the nature and scope of inclusiveness noticed in the parliament and civil service in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal, and the judiciary in Bangladesh. Where previous literature has stressed the need for the inclusion of external stakeholders, this volume highlights the importance of the involvement of internal stakeholders. This includes 'insiders' such as opposition members and government backbenchers in parliament and specialists in the civil service. The main emphasis is on identifying the extent to which insiders in different institutions have the scope to participate in the governing process. Furthermore, this volume also seeks to assess the implications of inclusiveness/exclusiveness for democratic governance. By exploring the link between inclusiveness and accountability, its contributors are able to draw out the strengths and weaknesses of the existing mechanisms of accountability, particularly social accountability. This innovative collection will appeal to students and scholars of gender and development studies, public policy and administration, international relations, law and political science.
Nizam Ahmed is Professor of Public Administration at the University of Chittagong, Bangladesh. His previous books include Public Policy and Governance in Bangladesh (2016), and Parliaments in Asia (co-edited with Lord Norton, 1999).
1: Introduction; Nizam Ahmed.- 2: 'Lobby Fodder or Fearless Champions?' The Role of Backbenchers in Holding Government to Account; Ruth Fox.- 3: Including the Excluded: Government Backbenchers and Opposition in the Parliamentary Process in Bangladesh; Nizam Ahmed.- 4: Parliamentary Opposition and Government Backbenchers in India; Valerian Rodrigues.- 5: Government Backbenchers and Opposition in Unsettled Political Environment - The Case of Nepal; Lok Raj Baral.- 6: The Inclusivity Role of the Judiciary in Bangladesh; Ridwanul Hoque.- 7: Inclusive Governance for Enhancing Professionalism in Civil Service: The Case of Bangladesh; Asif M. Shahan and Rizwan Khair.- 8: The Interface Between the Generalists and Professionals: The Indian Experience; Bidyut Chakrabarty.- 9: Generalists and Specialists Service Career: A Case of the Nepalese Civil Service; Bharat Raj Gautam.- 10: Social Accountability for Inclusive Governance: The South Asian Experience; Naimur Rahman.- 11: Public Hearing for Social Accountability: Examining the Rationale and Realities in Bangladesh; Kazi Maruful Islam, Amir M. Nasrullah and Sheela Tasneem Haq.- 12: Decentralized Planning and Budgeting as Social Accountability Tools: A Study of Social Accountability in Local Government in Bangladesh; Shuvra Chowdhury.- 13: Democracy, Inclusive Governance and Social Accountability in South Asia; Subhash C. Kashyap.- 14: Governance for Inclusive Development in South and East Asia: A Comparison of India and China; Bill Chou and Ahmed Shafiqul Huque.