This volume contains theoretical and empirical articles on tensions within and between religion and human rights. There are conflicts in the past histories of Christianity and Islam in regard to human rights, but also in contemporary history. There are also tensions in the sphere of human rights, like the relation between natural law and human rights, morality and law, liberty and equality, civil rights and socio-economic rights, and more specific ones, like the rights of humans and citizens, religious freedom and the separation of church and state, religious freedom and freedom of speech, and the state and religion on social welfare provisions. The volume aims at theoretical clarification and empirical exploration on data from 14 countries.
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Johannes A. (Hans) van der Ven, PhD Nijmegen 1973, Honorary Doctor Lund 1998, is research associate for religion and human rights in the department of political philosophy at Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands. He publishes extensively on religion and human rights in a theoretical and empirical perspective including Human Rights or Religious Rules? Brill, Leiden 2010. Hans-Georg Ziebertz, PhD theol. 1990 Nijmegen, PhD rer.soc Tubingen 1993, is chair of Practical Theology /Religious Education at the University of Wurzburg, Germany. Recent publications: Youth in Europe, Munster, volume 1, 2 & 3, LIT, Munster 2009: Gender in Islam und Christentum, Munster, LIT 2010; Menschenrechte, Christentum und Islam, LIT, Munster 2010.
Introduction 1. Universality of human rights and the need for parsimony Jean-Pierre Wils 2. Freedom of Religion and Criminal Law: A Legal Appraisal. From the Principle of Separation of Church and State to the Principle of Pluralist Democracy? Piet Hein van Kempen 3. On the Foundations of Human rights. Religious and Secular Approaches in the West and in Islam Mathias Rohe 4. Religious liberty in political perspective Johannes A. van der Ven 5. The Impact of Religion on Freedom of Religion and Freedom of Speech among Young Swedes Anders Sjoborg 6. Human Rights among Muslims and Christians in Palestine and Germany Raymond J. Webb, Hans-Georg Ziebertz, Jack Curran, and Marion Reindl 7. Women Rights and Religion among Christian and Islamic Students in Tanzania Leo W.J.M. van der Tuin & Clement D. Fumbo 8. Religious Socialisation and Values as Predictors of Human Rights Attitudes. An empirical study among Christian and Muslim adolescents in Germany Hans-Georg Ziebertz & Marion Reindl
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