Biomass and Green Chemistry

Building a Renewable Pathway
 
 
Springer (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 9. September 2018
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Softcover
  • |
  • 264 Seiten
978-3-319-88308-3 (ISBN)
 
This book investigates the main vegetable biomass types, their chemical characteristics and their potential to replace oil as raw material for the chemical industry, according to the principles of green chemistry. Authors from different scientific and technical backgrounds, from industry and academia, give an overview of the state of the art and ongoing developments. Aspects including bioeconomy, biorefineries, renewable chemistry and sustainability are also considered, given their relevance in this context. Furthermore, the book reviews green chemistry principles and their relation to biomass, while also exploring the main processes for converting biomass into bioproducts.


The need to develop renewable feedstock for the chemical industry to replace oil has been identified as a major strategic challenge for the 21st century. In this context, the use of different types of vegetable biomass - starch, lignocellulosic, oleaginous, saccharide and algae - can be seen as a viable alternative to the use of non-renewable, more expensive raw materials. Furthermore, it offers a model for adding economic value to the agro industrial chains such as soybean, sugarcane, corn and forests, among others. This will in turn contribute to the sustainability of a wide range of chemicals, mainly organics and their transformation processes, which are widely used by modern society.
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2018
  • Englisch
  • Cham
  • |
  • Schweiz
Springer International Publishing
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 47 farbige Abbildungen, 37 s/w Abbildungen, 47 farbige Tabellen
  • |
  • 47 Tables, color; 47 Illustrations, color; 37 Illustrations, black and white; X, 252 p. 84 illus., 47 illus. in color.
  • Höhe: 235 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 155 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 14 mm
  • 404 gr
978-3-319-88308-3 (9783319883083)
10.1007/978-3-319-66736-2
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Prof. Dr. Sílvio Vaz Junior holds a BSc degree in Chemistry, a MSc degree in Physical Chemistry and a PhD degree in Analytical Chemistry from University of São Paulo, Brazil. He was director and partner of two private analytical laboratories related to environmental analysis technologies. Since 2010, he is a research scientist at the state-owned Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) working on the development of renewable chemicals from biomass and analytical chemistry applied to bioenergy and biomass chemistry. He is a member of IUPAC and has published articles and books related to renewable chemistry and analytical chemistry.

Chapter 1: Biomass and the green chemistry principles

1.1 Introduction to the 12 green chemistry principles

1.2 How biomass can be inserted in green chemistry

1.3 Bioeconomy, biorefineries, renewable chemistry and sustainability

Chapter 2: Saccharide biomass for biofuels, biomaterials and chemicals

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Global production and distribution data

2.3 Chemical comp

osition

2.4 Chemical structures and properties

2.5 Reactions and products

Chapter 3: Oleaginous biomass for biofuels, biomaterials and chemicals

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Global production and distribution data

3.3 Chemical composition

3.4 Chemical structures and properties

3.5 Reaction

s and products

Chapter 4: Starch biomass for biofuels, biomaterials and chemicals

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Global production and distribution data

4.3 Chemical composition

4.4 Chemical structures and properties

4.5 Reactions and products

Chapter 5: Lignocellulosic biomass for energy, biofuels, biomaterials and chemicals

5.1 Introduction

&nbs

p; 5.2 Global production and distribution data

5.3 Chemical composition

5.4 Chemical structures and properties

5.5 Reactions and products

Chapter 6: Conversion process - a general vision

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Chemo-catalytic routes

&

nbsp; 6.2.1 Homogeneous catalysis

6.2.2 Heterogeneous catalysis

6.2.3 Enzymatic catalysis

6.3 Biotechnological routes

6.3.1 Fermentative processes

6.3.2 Synthetic biology

6.4 Thermochemical routes

6.4.1 Gasification to syngas

6.4.2 Pyrolysis (fast and slow)

This book investigates the main vegetable biomass types, their chemical characteristics and their potential to replace oil as raw material for the chemical industry, according to the principles of green chemistry. Authors from different scientific and technical backgrounds, from industry and academia, give an overview of the state of the art and ongoing developments. Aspects including bioeconomy, biorefineries, renewable chemistry and sustainability are also considered, given their relevance in this context. Furthermore, the book reviews green chemistry principles and their relation to biomass, while also exploring the main processes for converting biomass into bioproducts.



The need to develop renewable feedstock for the chemical industry to replace oil has been identified as a major strategic challenge for the 21st century. In this context, the use of different types of vegetable biomass - starch, lignocellulosic, oleaginous, saccharide and algae - can be seen as a viable alternative to the use of non-renewable, more expensive raw materials. Furthermore, it offers a model for adding economic value to the agro industrial chains such as soybean, sugarcane, corn and forests, among others. This will in turn contribute to the sustainability of a wide range of chemicals, mainly organics and their transformation processes, which are widely used by modern society.

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