Advances in Research on Fertilization Management of Vegetable Crops

Springer (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 9. September 2018
  • Buch
  • |
  • Softcover
  • |
  • XI, 302 Seiten
978-3-319-85200-3 (ISBN)
This book is a review of the recent literature on the key scientific and technical subjects of fertilization management in vegetable crops. In the last decades, research on fertilization management in vegetables was aimed at producing economical yields with reduced fertilizer inputs by the development and implementation of cropping systems, nutrient management approaches and crop varieties. Examples of the interventions in cropping systems included adequate crop rotations, inter-cropping, double cropping, and other strategies for a better soil organic matter management; nutrient management approaches included modelling, Decision Support Systems, crop nutritional status testing and precision agriculture technologies; amelioration of crop varieties has been directed toward higher nutrient/fertilizer use efficiency.
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2017
  • Englisch
  • Cham
  • |
  • Schweiz
Springer International Publishing
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 19
  • |
  • 13 farbige Abbildungen, 19 s/w Abbildungen
  • |
  • 13 Illustrations, color; 19 Illustrations, black and white; XI, 302 p. 32 illus., 13 illus. in color.
  • Höhe: 23.5 cm
  • |
  • Breite: 15.5 cm
  • 654 gr
978-3-319-85200-3 (9783319852003)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt

Chapter 1: The role of research for a sustainable fertilization management in vegetables: future trends and goals
Francesco Tei, Silvana Nicola, Paolo Benincasa
1. Vegetable production in the world
2. Health and economic benefits from vegetables
3. Peculiarities of fertilization in vegetable crops
4. Fertilizer consumption in vegetable production
5. Making fertilization sustainable in vegetables: trends and goals of research

Chapter 2: Tools and strategies for sustainable nitrogen fertilization of vegetable crops
Rodney B. Thompson, Nicolas Tremblay, Matthias Fink, Marisa Gallardo, Francisco M. Padilla
1. Introduction
2. Nature of output from tools for N management of vegetable crops
3. Methods based on soil analysis or soil N supply
4. Nitrogen balance method
5. Methods based on crop/plant analysis
6. Use of proximal optical sensors
7. Luxury N consumption and responses of monitoring approaches at excessive crop N status
8. Use of simulation models and decision support systems for N management
9. Application methods
10. Specialised fertilisers
11. Future developments
12. General considerations
13. Conclusions

Chapter 3: Organic matter mineralization as a source of nitrogen
Stefaan De Neve
1. Introduction
2. The process of N mineralization
3. Measurements and mathematical description of N mineralization
4. Predicting N mineralization
5. Environmental factors influencing N mineralization
6. Sources of organic matter
7. Synchronization of N mineralization with crop N demand
8. Conclusion

Chapter 4: Fertilizers: criteria of choice for vegetable crops
Paolo Sambo, Carlo Nicoletto
1. Introduction
2. Mineral fertilizers
3. Organic fertilizers
4. Conclusions

Chapter 5: Crop Rotation as a System Approach for Soil Fertility Management in Vegetables
Paolo Benincasa, Giacomo Tosti, Marcello Guiducci, Michela Farneselli, Francesco Tei
1. Introduction
2. Use of fertilisers in vegetable crops
3. Role of cover and green manure crops
4. Intercropping vegetables
5. Crop residue management
6. Crop rotation in non-specialised organic and conventional farming systems
7. Crop rotation in specialised vegetable cropping system
8. Conclusions

Chapter 6: Localized Application of Fertilizers in Vegetable Crop Production
Eric H. Simonne, Aparna Gazula, Monica Ozores-Hampton, Jim DeValerio, Robert C. Hochmuth
1. Introduction
2. Root response to localized fertilizer application, the environmental impact of vegetable crop production and strategies for reducing nutrient loss
3. Principles and practices for localized fertilizer applications to vegetable crops
4. Conclusion

Chapter 7: Water and nutrient supply in horticultural crops grown in soilless culture: resource efficiency in dynamic and intensive systems
Giuseppe Pignata, Manuela Casale, Silvana Nicola
1. Introduction
2. Soilless culture systems and input control
3. Substrate properties for plant nutrient uptake
4. Water in horticultural soilless culture systems
5. Formulation of the hydroponic nutrient solution
5.1. Macro-, meso- and micronutrients in soilless culture
6. Indicators used in the soilless culture system
7. Open-cycle or closed-cycle hydroponic systems in soilless cultures
8. Planning the nutrient supply in soilless culture systems
9. Hydroponic nutrient solution supply systems
10. Conclusions

Chapter 8: Plant breeding for improving nutrient uptake and utilization efficiency
Antonio Ferrante, Fabio Francesco Nocito, Silvia Morgutti and Gian Attilio Sacchi.
1. Introduction
2. Physiological, biochemical and molecular traits affecting nitrogen uptake by roots
3. New approaches for improving Nutrient Use Efficiency in plants
4. Conclusion

Chapter 9: Water management for enhancing crop nutrient use efficiency and reducing losses
Jose L. Gabriel, Miguel Quemada
1. Water and nutrient management for enhancing crop uptake and use efficiency
2. Effect of water management on soil nutrient mineralization (nutrient supply)
3. Effect of water management on nutrient losses and water quality
4. Effect of water management on gaseous losses
5. Effect of water management on salinity control
6. Conclusion

Chapter 10: An economic analysis of the efficiency and sustainability of fertilization programmes at the level of operational systems, with case studies on Table tomato, Carrot and Potato in Central Italy
Gaetano Martino Paolo Polinori, Luca Turchetti
1. Introduction
2. Methodology proposed
3. Conceptual framework
4. Empirical analysis
5. Conclusions

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