Genetically Engineered Crops

Interim Policies, Uncertain Legislation
 
 
Food Products Press,U.S.
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erscheint ca. am 13. Juni 2008
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Softcover
  • |
  • 393 Seiten
978-1-56022-989-6 (ISBN)
 
Take a closer look at the questions surrounding the long-term impact of GE crops

Genetically Engineered Crops examines current controversies surrounding the potential health, environmental, and social impacts of plants produced using molecular biology techniques. Educators, professionals, and practitioners representing a wide range of disciplines, including plant biotechnology, environmental health risk assessment, law, food safety assessment, and bio safety, address the uncertainties of the science, biological risks, national and international governance issues in North and South America, Europe, and Africa, and the need for full public understanding of genetically engineered crops.

Proper regulation of food requires a broad understanding of the science and of varying public perceptions of the technology that will lead to effective governance. Genetically Engineered Crops examines ecological, health, and environmental concerns about crop genetic engineering, the need for precaution, biosafety, and liability, and the challenges faced in meeting the public's demands for proper understanding of the risks involved. With no worldwide framework for regulation in place and public concern about food safety growing, this vital book takes a closer look at the long-term impact of GE crops and their place in the future of agriculture.

Genetically Engineered Crops examines:

- the laboratory hazards of gene splicing

- environmental releases of GEOs

- the loss of agrobiodiversity

- the ecological effects of HRCs

- ecological and environmental risk assessment of GE crops

- human health implications of GE foods

- allergenicity and toxicity

- the precautionary principle

- international trade and regulatory harm

- ?smart regulations? in Canada

- shortcomings in risk assessment

- liability and compensation

- and much moreGenetically Engineered Crops is a vital reference resource for anyone working in the plant and crop sciences, the social sciences, national and international bioregulation, environmental law, and agribusiness.
  • Englisch
  • Abingdon
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 635 gr
978-1-56022-989-6 (9781560229896)
1560229896 (1560229896)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
- About the Editor
- Contributors
- Acknowledgments
- Introduction. Genetic Engineering of Crops: Science Meets Civil Society's Response
- Abbreviations
- PART I. SCIENCE AND THE FUTURE
- Chapter 1. The Birth of Synthetic Biology and the Genetic Mode of Production (Sheldon Krimsky)
- Biotechnology: Evolution or Revolution?
- First-Generation Fears About Gene Splicing: Laboratory Hazards
- Emerging Industrial Sectors
- Second-Generation Controversies: Environmental Releases of GEOs
- Third-Generation Biotech Controversies: Globalization
- Conclusion
- Chapter 2. Controversy Around Terminology and Novelty: Engineered, Modified Biotechnology and Transgenics (Brian Ellis)
- The Classic Period
- Mother Nature's Genetic Engineer
- When in Doubt, Reach for Your Gun
- The Basic Toolkit
- Choosing Targets
- Round Two
- So Many Genes, So Much Time
- Conclusions
- Chapter 3. Transgenic Crops, Agrobiodiversity, and Agroecosystem Function (Miguel A. Altieri)
- Biotechnology and the Loss of Agrobiodiversity
- Ecological Effects of Hrcs
- Ecological Risks of Bt Crops
- General Conclusions and Recommendations
- Chapter 4. Ecological Risk Assessment of GE Crops: Getting the Science Fundamentals Right (Michelle Marvier and Sabrina West)
- Environmental Risk Assessment for GE Crops
- What Can We Learn from the Longer History of Classical Biological Control?
- Conclusion
- Chapter 5. Coping with Uncertainty: The Human Health Implications of GE Foods (Paul R. Billings and Peter Shorett)
- Introduction
- Food Is a Drug
- Using Toxicology and Epidemiology to Evaluate Food Safety
- Substantial Equivalence and Its Consequences
- Nutrition
- Allergenicity
- Toxicity
- Conclusion
- Chapter 6. Future Research Tackling the Technology Divide: A Research Agenda for Crop Biotechnology (Michael Korthals)
- Introduction
- The Current State of Affairs: Crisis in Governments, Markets, Civil Societies, and Science and Agriculture
- Plant-Biotechnology and Agriculture
- Seven Persistent Ethical Problems of Biotechnology
- Research Agendas of Natural and Social Sciences (Beta-gamma Interaction): Tackling the Problems
- Conclusion
- Chapter 7. Next Challenges for Crop GE: Maturing of Governance and Moves Beyond Food Issues (Iain E. P. Taylor)
- Introduction
- What Can Plants Do For Us?
- The Environmental Failure
- The Industrial Incentive
- The Regulatory Future
- Aquaculture
- Forestry
- Environmental Remediation
- PART II. ISSUES IN CURRENT GOVERNANCE
- Chapter 8. A Precautionary Framework for Biotechnology (Katherine Barrett and Conrad G. Brunk)
- Introduction
- The Debate About the Precautionary Principle
- Burden of Proof
- Standards of Safety
- Conclusion
- Chapter 9. The Precautionary Principle and Biotechnology: Guiding a Public Interest Research Agenda (Carolyn Raffensperger)
- Introduction
- The Precautionary Principle
- Ethics
- Precautionary Research: A New Social Contract
- Public Money for Private Interest
- Public Interest Research
- Local to Global
- Legal Challenges
- Chapter 10. Trade, Science, and Canada's Regulatory Framework for Determining the Environmental Safety of GE Crops (Elisabeth A. Abergel)
- Regulatory and Economic Uncertainty
- Market Disputes
- Canada's Risk-Based Approach
- Herbicide-Tolerant Canola
- Scientific Uncertainty and the Canadian Regulatory Framework
- Interna

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