Relaxation of the Chemical Bond

Skin Chemisorption Size Matter ZTP Mechanics H2O Myths
 
 
Springer Verlag, Singapore
  • erschienen am 7. März 2014
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Hardcover
  • |
  • XXXII, 807 Seiten
978-981-4585-20-0 (ISBN)
 
The aim of this book is to explore the detectable properties of a material to the parameters of bond and non-bond involved and to clarify the interdependence of various properties. This book is composed of four parts; Part I deals with the formation and relaxation dynamics of bond and non-bond during chemisorptions with uncovering of the correlation among the chemical bond, energy band and surface potential barrier (3B) during reactions; Part II is focused on the relaxation of bonds between atoms with fewer neighbors than the ideal in bulk with unraveling of the bond order-length-strength (BOLS) correlation mechanism, which clarifies the nature difference between nanostructures and bulk of the same substance; Part III deals with the relaxation dynamics of bond under heating and compressing with revealing of rules on the temperature-resolved elastic and plastic properties of low-dimensional materials; Part IV is focused on the asymmetric relaxation dynamics of the hydrogen bond (O:H-O) and the anomalous behavior of water and ice under cooling, compressing and clustering. The target audience for this book includes scientists, engineers and practitioners in the area of surface science and nanoscience.
2014
  • Englisch
  • Singapore
  • |
  • Singapur
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • |
  • Research
  • 76
  • |
  • 182 farbige Abbildungen, 76 s/w Abbildungen
  • |
  • 182 Illustrations, color; 76 Illustrations, black and white; XXXII, 807 p. 258 illus., 182 illus. in color.
  • Höhe: 244 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 164 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 50 mm
  • 1379 gr
978-981-4585-20-0 (9789814585200)
9814585203 (9814585203)
10.1007/978-981-4585-21-7
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Dr. Chang Q Sun received a BSc in 1982 from Wuhan University of Science and Technology and an MSc in 1987 from Tianjin University, China. He completed his PhD in 1997 at Murdoch University, Australia and then joined Nanyang Technological University in 1997 as a faculty up to date.

His original contributions to the advancement of coordination bond and electronic engineering with multiple breakthroughs include: 1) bond-band-barrier (3B) correlation for C, N, O chemisorption 3B dynamics; 2) hydrogen-bond asymmetric relaxation & H2O anomalies; 3) bond-order-length-strength (BOLS) correlation for the physical chemistry of defect, surface and nanosolid; 4) nonbonding electron polarization (NEP) at undercoordinated sites; 5) local-bond-average approach for solid meso-mechano-thermo dynamics; 6) BOLS-TB algorithm for edge states discrimination; 7) zone-selective photoelectron spectroscopic (ZPS) purification of bonds & electrons associated with undercoordinated defect and surface atoms and hetero-coordinated interfaces; 8) Raman quantification of the length, energy, compressibility, Debye temperature, force constant & relaxation dynamics of bonds; 9) STM/S/VLEED quantification of 4-stage Cu3O2 bonding kinetics; & 10) functional materials devise, etc.

Dr. Sun has published over 250 principally-authored journal articles, 4 book chapters, 4 patents and 10 themed reports in Surface Science Reports, Chemical Reviews, Progress in Materials Science and Progress in Solid State Chemistry. etc. His BOLS theory has been adopted as teaching materials by institutes in multiple nations. He was conferred the First Laureate of the 25th Khwarizmi International Science Award in 2012 and the Inaugural Nanyang Award of Research in 2005. He was elected as Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC, 2006) and the Institute of Physics (FInstP, 2007). He is currently on the Editorial Advisory Board for 8 journals and holding honorary appointments at multiple institutions.
Part I Molecular Chemisorption.- Introduction.- Foundations.- STM and LEED: Atomic Valences and Bond Geometry.- STS and PES: Valence DOS.- TDS: Bond Nature and Bond Strength.- EELS and Raman: Stiffness of Weak Bond Interaction.- Kinetics of Bond Forming and Bond Switching.- Design Materials and Processes.- Concluding Remarks.- Part II Atomic Undercoordination.- Introduction.- Principles: BOLS and NEP.- Surface Relaxation and Nanosolid Densification.- End and Edge States: Entrapment and Polarization.- Thermal Stability: Atomic Cohesive Energy.- Lattice Dynamics: Phonon Relaxation.- Electrons: Entrapment and Polarization.- Band Gap Expansion: Photon Emission and Absorption.- Dielectric Suppression.- Magnetic Modulation.- Functionalities of Nonbonding Electrons.- Concluding Remarks.- Part III Mechano and Thermo Activation.- Introduction.- Principles.- Liquid and Solid Surfaces.- Monatomic Chains: Bond Length, Strength and Maximal Strain.- Atomic Sheets, Nanotubes and Nanowires.- Nanograins I: Elasticity and Extensibility.- Nanograins II: Plastic Deformation and Yield Strength.- Atomic Vacancy, Nanocavity and Metallic Foams.- Compounds and Nanocomposites.- Concluding Remarks.- Part IV Water and Ice.- Introduction.- Principles: Hypotheses and Expectations.- Water Ice Under Compression.- Cooling Transition from Hot-Water to Deep-Cold Ice.- Molecular Clusters, Surface Skins and Ultrathin Films.- P, T, N Coupling.- Concluding Remarks.
The aim of this book is to explore the detectable properties of a material to the parameters of bond and non-bond involved and to clarify the interdependence of various properties. This book is composed of four parts; Part I deals with the formation and relaxation dynamics of bond and non-bond during chemisorptions with uncovering of the correlation among the chemical bond, energy band, and surface potential barrier (3B) during reactions; Part II is focused on the relaxation of bonds between atoms with fewer neighbors than the ideal in bulk with unraveling of the bond order-length-strength (BOLS) correlation mechanism, which clarifies the nature difference between nanostructures and bulk of the same substance; Part III deals with the relaxation dynamics of bond under heating and compressing with revealing of rules on the temperature-resolved elastic and plastic properties of low-dimensional materials; Part IV is focused on the asymmetric relaxation dynamics of the hydrogen bond (O:H-O) and the anomalous behavior of water and ice under cooling, compressing, and clustering. The target audience for this book includes scientists, engineers and practitioners in the area of surface science and nanoscience.

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