Coherent Light-Matter Interactions in Monolayer Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides

 
 
Springer (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 4. September 2018
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Softcover
  • |
  • 148 Seiten
978-3-319-88799-9 (ISBN)
 
This thesis presents optical methods to split the energy levels of electronic valleys in transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) by means of coherent light-matter interactions. The electronic valleys found in monolayer TMDs such as MoS2, WS2, and WSe2 are among the many novel properties exhibited by semiconductors when thinned down to a few atomic layers, and have have been proposed as a new way to carry information in next generation devices (so-called valleytronics). These valleys are, however, normally locked in the same energy level, which limits their potential use for applications. The author describes experiments performed with a pump-probe technique using transient absorption spectroscopy on MoS2 and WS2. It is demonstrated that hybridizing the electronic valleys with light allows one to optically tune their energy levels in a controllable valley-selective manner. In particular, by using off-resonance circularly polarized light at small detuning, one can tune the energy level of one valley through the optical Stark effect. Also presented within are observations, at larger detuning, of a separate contribution from the so-called Bloch--Siegert effect, a delicate phenomenon that has eluded direct observation in solids. The two effects obey opposite selection rules, enabling one to separate the two effects at two different valleys.
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2018
  • Englisch
  • Cham
  • |
  • Schweiz
Springer International Publishing
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 82 farbige Abbildungen, 1 s/w Abbildung, 75 farbige Tabellen
  • |
  • 75 Tables, color; 82 Illustrations, color; 1 Illustrations, black and white; XVII, 129 p. 83 illus., 82 illus. in color.
  • Höhe: 235 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 155 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 8 mm
  • 234 gr
978-3-319-88799-9 (9783319887999)
10.1007/978-3-319-69554-9
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Edbert Jarvis Sie was awarded a PhD in physics by Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2017. He is now a postdoctoral research fellow at Stanford University.
Chapter1. Introduction.- Chapter2. Time-resolved absorption spectroscopy.- Chapter3. Intervalley biexcitons in monolayer MoS2.- Chapter4. Valley-selective optical Stark effect in monolayer WS2.- Chapter5. Intervalley biexcitonic optical Stark effect in monolayer WS2.- Chapter6. Large, valley-exclusive Bloch--Siegert shift in monolayer WS2.- Chapter7. Lennard--Jones-like potential of 2D excitons in monolayer WS2.- Chapter8. WUV based Time-resolved ARPES.
This thesis presents optical methods to split the energy levels of electronic valleys in transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) by means of coherent light-matter interactions. The electronic valleys present in monolayer TMDs such as MoS2, WS2, and WSe2 are among the many novel properties exhibited by semiconductors thinned down to a few atomic layers, and have have been proposed as a new way to carry information in next generation devices (so-called valleytronics). These valleys are, however, normally locked in the same energy level, which limits their potential use for applications. The author describes experiment performed with a pump-probe technique using a transient absorption spectroscopy on MoS2 and WS2. It is demonstrated that hybridizing the electronic valleys with light allows one to optically tune their energy levels in a controllable valley-selective manner. In particular, by using off-resonance circularly polarized light at small detuning, one can tune the energy level of one valley through the optical Stark effect. Also presented within are observations, at larger detuning, of a separate contribution from the so-called Bloch--Siegert effect, a delicate phenomenon that has eluded direct observation in solids. The two effects obey opposite selection rules, enabling one to separate the two effects at two different valleys.

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