This book focuses on various aspects related to air pollution, including major sources of air pollution, measurement techniques, modeling studies and solution approaches to control. The book also presents case studies on measuring air pollution in major urban areas, such as Delhi, India. The book examines vehicles as a source of air pollution and addresses the quantitative analysis of engine exhaust emissions. Subsequent chapters discuss particulate matter from engines and coal-fired power plants as a major pollutant, as well as emission control techniques using various after treatment systems. The book's final chapter considers future perspectives and a way forward for sustainable development. It also discusses several emission control techniques that will gain relevance in the future, when stricter emission norms will be enforced for international combustion (IC) engines as well as power plants. Given its breadth of coverage, the book will benefit a wide variety of readers, including researchers, professionals, and policymakers.
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Nikhil Sharma received his M.Tech. in Mechanical Engineering with specialization in Thermal Engineering (CFD & HT) from NIT Hamirpur, India in 2012. For his Ph.D. degree from IIT Kanpur, he worked on "Spray, combustion, emissions and particulate investigations of a gasohol fuelled gasoline direct injection engine". He was an assistant professor at Amity University's Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Noida as an. His areas of research include alternative fuels for IC engines (biodiesel, alcohols), emission control and particulate characterization.
Prof. Avinash K Agarwal joined IIT Kanpur in 2001. His areas of interest are IC engines, combustion, alternative fuels, conventional fuels, optical diagnostics, laser ignition, HCCI, emission and particulate control, and large bore engines. He has published over 230 international journal and conference papers. Prof. Agarwal is a fellow of SAE (2012), ASME (2013), ISEES (2015) and INAE (2015). He has received several awards such as the prestigious Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in Engineering Sciences (2016); the Rajib Goyal prize (2015); NASI-Reliance Industries Platinum Jubilee Award (2012); INAE Silver Jubilee Young Engineer Award (2012); SAE International Ralph R. Teetor Educational Award (2008); INSA Young Scientist Award (2007); UICT Young Scientist Award (2007); and the INAE Young Engineer Award (2005).
Dr. Peter Eastwood has been associated with motor-vehicle pollution technology control for nearly thirty years, with posts in research and development. He was a Royal Society Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Institute for Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Tuebingen, Germany, were he continued his doctoral work on exhaust sensors. He was a visiting researcher in the Physics Laboratory at Ford Motor Company's corporate research Center in Dearborn, Michigan. He is currently employed in the diesel after-treatment development division of the Ford Motor Company in England.
Dr. Tarun Gupta is Professor and P K Kelkar Research Fellow at the Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Kanpur, India. He holds a Doctor of Science (2004) degree in Environmental Health from Harvard University (USA) and Master of Technology (2000) in Environmental Science and Engineering from IIT Bombay. He has worked at IIT Kanpur since June 2006, and has published over 90 articles in ISI indexed journals, 4 book chapters and filed 4 Indian Patents. He is a member of INYAS (2016), and has received several awards, namely NASI Scopus Young Scientist (2015), INSA Young Scientist (2011), INAE Young Engineer (2009), IEI Young Engineer (2008) awards.
Dr. Akhilendra Pratap Singh received his M.Tech. and Ph.D. degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India in 2010 and 2017 respectively. Dr. Singh worked as a CSIR Pool Scientist at ERL, IIT Kanpur from 2014 to 2017. His areas of research include advanced low temperature combustion; optical diagnostics with special reference to engine endoscopy and PIV; combustion diagnostics and engine emissions measurement. Dr. Singh has published over 30 peer-reviewed international journal papers and conference papers.
Part I General.- Introduction to Air pollution and Its Control.- Part II Internal Combustion Engine.- Simultaneous Control of Oxides of Nitrogen and Soot in CRDI Diesel Engine using Split Injection and Cool EGR Fuelled with Waste Frying oil Biodiesel and its Blend.- Biodiesel Soot Characteristics.- Techniques to Control Emissions from a Diesel Engine.- BS-III Diesel Vehicles in Imphal, India: An emission Perspective.- Gasoline Direct Injection Engines Technology and Particulate Emission.- Part III Particulate and Aerosols.- Primary Organic Aerosols.- Effects of VOCs on Human Health.- Thermodynamics of Carbon Nanotubes and Soot Formation.- Part IV Numerical/ Simulations.- A Study on Evolution and Modelling of Soot Formation in Diesel Jet Flames.- Numerical Simulation of Air Pollution Control in Hospital.- Part V Miscellaneous.- A Review on Clean Combustion Within Porous Media.- An Overview of Current Knowledge Concerning the Environmental Consequences of the Nuclear Pollution: Sources, Effects and Control.- Scope of Pyrolysis Process as a Sustaina-ble Method to Dispose Waste Tires: A Review.
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