A Study of Dialectic in Plato's Parmenides

 
 
Northwestern University Press
  • erschienen am 30. Mai 2016
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Softcover
  • |
  • 240 Seiten
978-0-8101-3485-0 (ISBN)
 
In this book, Eric Sanday boldly demonstrates that Plato's "theory of forms" is true, easy to understand, and relatively intuitive. Sanday argues that our chief obstacle to understanding the theory of forms is the distorting effect of the tacit metaphysical privileging of individual things in our everyday understanding. For Plato, this privileging of things that we can own, produce, exchange, and through which we gain mastery of our surroundings is a significant obstacle to philosophical education. The dialogue's chief philosophical work, then, is to destabilize this false privileging and, in Parmenides, to provide the initial framework for a newly oriented account of participation. Once we do this, Sanday argues, we more easily can grasp and see the truth of the theory of forms.
  • Englisch
  • Evanston
  • |
  • USA
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Höhe: 226 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 150 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 18 mm
  • 340 gr
978-0-8101-3485-0 (9780810134850)
0810134853 (0810134853)
Eric Sanday is an assistant professor of philosophy at the University of Kentucky.
INTRODUCTION: DIALECTIC AND PHILOSOPHICAL METHOD
1. The Platonic Context
2. Commentary on Method
Outline of the Chapters
PART I: SCIENTIFIC PHILOSOPHY
Chapter 1: Zenonian Method
1. Reception
2. Participation
3. The Conversation Between Zeno and Socrates
Rhetoric, Eristic, and Scientific Philosophy
4. Parmenidean Intervention [130a3 130e3]
Maturing into Scientific Philosophy
Conclusion of First Chapter
CHAPTER 2 PUTTING PARTICIPATION TO THE TEST
1. One in Quantity: Part/Whole Complexity
2. One of Many: Individuality
Review: "One" as Aggregate and Individual
3. One in Quality: Likeness and Multiplicity
Metaphysical Asymmetry
4. The Skeptical Objection
Answering the Skeptic
5. Dialectic in the Republic and Parmenides
Conclusion of First Part
PART 2: EXERCISE AND REHABILITATION
CHAPTER 3: FIRST HYPOTHESIS (H1)
Preparatory Discussion of the "One"
1. The One in the First Hypothesis
2. Complexity
2a. Part/Whole Complexity
A Note on Dialectic and the "Secondary Aim" of H1
2b. Spatiality
2c. Motion and Rest
3. Same and Other
4. Like and Unlike
5. Measure
6. Temporality
Lessons and Questions
CHAPTER 4: THE ONE-THAT-IS: SECOND HYPOTHESIS (H2)
Summary of the Chapter
1. The Abstract Intelligibility of Spatially Determinate Individuals
1a. One Consisting of Many: the first argument (142c-143a)
1b. Many Ones: the second argument (143a-144e5)
Conclusion of the Two Derivations (144d3-145a4)
2. Spatial Limit
2a. Spatiality
2b. Motion and Rest
3. Qualitative Relation
3a. Same and Other
3a.i the one is the same as itself
3a.ii the one is different from itself
3a.iii the one is different than the others
3a.iv the one is the same as the [things] not-one
3b. Like/Unlike
4. Quantitative Relation
4a. Contact: coordinating complexity and individuality
4b. Continuous Magnitude: Greater/Smaller/Equal
4c. Discrete Magnitude: Measure
5. Temporality
5a. The Temporality of the One, Relative to Itself
5b. The Temporality of the One, Relative to Others
Conclusion of H2
CHAPTER 5: TRANSFORMED PERSPECTIVE
1. H2a The Instant
2. H3-H4 Limit and the Unlimited
2a. H4
3. H5-H6 Veridical Predication
3a. The One-that-is-not Partakes of Many Things
3b. The Bonds of Being and Not Being
3c. Motion and Rest
3d. H6
4. H7-H8 Appearance
4a. H8
CONCLUSION

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