A Study of Dialectic in Plato's Parmenides

Northwestern University Press
  • erschienen am 30. Mai 2016
  • Buch
  • |
  • Softcover
  • |
  • 240 Seiten
978-0-8101-3485-0 (ISBN)
In this book, Eric Sanday boldly demonstrates that Plato's "theory of forms" is true, easy to understand, and relatively intuitive. Sanday argues that our chief obstacle to understanding the theory of forms is the distorting effect of the tacit metaphysical privileging of individual things in our everyday understanding. For Plato, this privileging of things that we can own, produce, exchange, and through which we gain mastery of our surroundings is a significant obstacle to philosophical education. The dialogue's chief philosophical work, then, is to destabilize this false privileging and, in Parmenides, to provide the initial framework for a newly oriented account of participation. Once we do this, Sanday argues, we more easily can grasp and see the truth of the theory of forms.
  • Englisch
  • Evanston
  • |
  • USA
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Höhe: 226 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 150 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 18 mm
  • 340 gr
978-0-8101-3485-0 (9780810134850)
0810134853 (0810134853)
Eric Sanday is an assistant professor of philosophy at the University of Kentucky.
INTRODUCTION: DIALECTIC AND PHILOSOPHICAL METHOD 1. The Platonic Context 2. Commentary on Method Outline of the Chapters PART I: SCIENTIFIC PHILOSOPHY Chapter 1: Zenonian Method 1. Reception 2. Participation 3. The Conversation Between Zeno and Socrates Rhetoric, Eristic, and Scientific Philosophy 4. Parmenidean Intervention [130a3 130e3] Maturing into Scientific Philosophy Conclusion of First Chapter CHAPTER 2 PUTTING PARTICIPATION TO THE TEST 1. One in Quantity: Part/Whole Complexity 2. One of Many: Individuality Review: "One" as Aggregate and Individual 3. One in Quality: Likeness and Multiplicity Metaphysical Asymmetry 4. The Skeptical Objection Answering the Skeptic 5. Dialectic in the Republic and Parmenides Conclusion of First Part PART 2: EXERCISE AND REHABILITATION CHAPTER 3: FIRST HYPOTHESIS (H1) Preparatory Discussion of the "One" 1. The One in the First Hypothesis 2. Complexity 2a. Part/Whole Complexity A Note on Dialectic and the "Secondary Aim" of H1 2b. Spatiality 2c. Motion and Rest 3. Same and Other 4. Like and Unlike 5. Measure 6. Temporality Lessons and Questions CHAPTER 4: THE ONE-THAT-IS: SECOND HYPOTHESIS (H2) Summary of the Chapter 1. The Abstract Intelligibility of Spatially Determinate Individuals 1a. One Consisting of Many: the first argument (142c-143a) 1b. Many Ones: the second argument (143a-144e5) Conclusion of the Two Derivations (144d3-145a4) 2. Spatial Limit 2a. Spatiality 2b. Motion and Rest 3. Qualitative Relation 3a. Same and Other 3a.i the one is the same as itself 3a.ii the one is different from itself 3a.iii the one is different than the others 3a.iv the one is the same as the [things] not-one 3b. Like/Unlike 4. Quantitative Relation 4a. Contact: coordinating complexity and individuality 4b. Continuous Magnitude: Greater/Smaller/Equal 4c. Discrete Magnitude: Measure 5. Temporality 5a. The Temporality of the One, Relative to Itself 5b. The Temporality of the One, Relative to Others Conclusion of H2 CHAPTER 5: TRANSFORMED PERSPECTIVE 1. H2a The Instant 2. H3-H4 Limit and the Unlimited 2a. H4 3. H5-H6 Veridical Predication 3a. The One-that-is-not Partakes of Many Things 3b. The Bonds of Being and Not Being 3c. Motion and Rest 3d. H6 4. H7-H8 Appearance 4a. H8 CONCLUSION

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