Economics of the Food Processing Industry: Lessons from Bihar, India

Lessons from Bihar, India
 
 
Springer (Verlag)
  • erscheint ca. am 29. März 2021
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Softcover
  • |
  • 262 Seiten
978-981-13-8556-8 (ISBN)
 

This book presents a wealth of perspectives on studying the manufacturing end of food processing industries, with a special focus on regions with a low industrial base and multiple missing markets, institutional finance being the most prominent example. Positioning food processing within the industrial ecosystem, which includes entrepreneurs, policymakers, business consultants and associations, the study first considers three different trajectories: for developed economies, for national territories like India, and for sub-national regions like Bihar. In turn, it shows how these trajectories intertwine in two dimensions: the region and the sub-sector. Successfully completing food-processing projects in any of these trajectories requires the identification and development of appropriate product networks that link basic processed items with advanced ones through a chain of value addition.

Moreover, the supply-side narrative presented here identifies two types of costs: physical and non-physical costs of operation. For trajectories with skewed firm sizes ("missing middle") and missing markets, which can be found in Bihar, the latter costs matter just as much as the former in terms of entrepreneurship. While efficiency in operations is studied for selected sub-sectors in Bihar's food processing to assess the main sources of inefficiency in minimizing the physical costs of operations, non-physical costs are studied using the construct of region-based counterfactual thinking (rCFT) and its relationship with the perception of risk for entrepreneurs. rCFT offers a new concept for understanding the mindset of the entrepreneur, in which the regional identity plays a significant role.

The empirical content is based on a primary survey of food processing in Bihar. Additional policy questions, such as the choice between spatial collocation of food parks or cluster-based development of unique sub-sectors, are explored through an analysis of the policy network that supports entrepreneurship. Issues arising from the government's policy choices, particularly vertically targeted industrial policies, can influence industrial outcomes and are particularly relevant for regions like Bihar. While policy evaluation for Bihar's processed food industry yields insights on policy targeting for decision-makers in the government, examples of parallel narratives from global experiences in comparable regions shed new light on industrial development in processed food, which should be of interest to business practitioners, academic researchers and policymakers alike.

2020
  • Englisch
  • Singapore
  • |
  • Singapur
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 14 farbige Abbildungen, 16 s/w Abbildungen
  • |
  • 14 Illustrations, color; 16 Illustrations, black and white; XVI, 262 p. 30 illus., 14 illus. in color.
  • Höhe: 23.5 cm
  • |
  • Breite: 15.5 cm
978-981-13-8556-8 (9789811385568)
10.1007/978-981-13-8554-4
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Debdatta Saha is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Economics, South Asian University (SAU), India. Having worked as an economist at a leading public policy think-tank and as a competition regulator in India (Competition Commission of India) prior to her appointment at SAU, she has an abiding interest in issues concerning industrial structure, competition and public policy; industrial policy in particular. Her doctoral research at the Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi on applied game theory in industrial organization gave her valuable insights into the micro-foundation of market structures and industrial outcomes. She has presented her work on industrial policies on various international platforms, and is currently collaborating with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) to design lecture modules on Green Industrial Policy. This book is the outcome of her analysis of Bihar's food processing industry in the context of an IGC-sponsored project (with Barna Ganguli, ADRI, Bihar as co-investigator) that explored the drivers of industrial growth for a state with a low industrial base using a lead sector: food processing.

1 Introduction

1.1 Motivation for the volume

1.2 Food Processing Industry

1.3 Understanding outcomes in Bihar

1.3.1 Multi-agent interaction framework for food-processing

1.3.2 History of institutions in food processing

1.3.3 Policy initiatives and policy networks in food-processing

1.3.4 Entrepreneurs in food processing

2 Value-chain analysis

2.1 Selecting important sub-sectors in food processing

2.2 Definitional challenges in identifying value chains

2.3 Outcomes and bottlenecks in identified sub-sectors (Dairy, Honey, Maize-processing, Cold storage)

2.4 Efficiency outcomes in rice milling (Chapter section co-authored with Dr. Sunil Kumar, Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics, South Asian University, New Delhi)

2.5 Context matters: Contrasting Bihar with value chains in food processing internationally

3 Entrepreneurial perceptions

3.1 Drivers of entrepreneurial perceptions in food processing

3.2 Interactions of expectations with policy

3.3 Interactions of expectations with institutions

3.4 Context matters: Contrasting Bihar with expectations internationally

4 Successes and Failures (What works and what does not)

4.1 Policy lessons (What works): Case studies of successes in food processing in Bihar

4.2 Policy lessons (What does not work): Case studies of failures in food processing in Bihar

4.3 Limits to ex-ante choices in policy formulation in food processing

4.4 Identification of appropriate business strategies in food processing

5 Concluding Remarks1 Introduction

1.1 Motivation for the volume

1.2 Food Processing Industry

1.3 Understanding outcomes in Bihar

1.3.1 Multi-agent interaction framework for food-processing

1.3.2 History of institutions in food processing

1.3.3 Policy initiatives and policy networks in food-processing

1.3.4 Entrepreneurs in food processing

2 Value-chain analysis

2.1 Selecting important sub-sectors in food processing

2.2 Definitional challenges in identifying value chains

2.3 Outcomes and bottlenecks in identified sub-sectors (Dairy, Honey, Maize-processing, Cold storage)

2.4 Efficiency outcomes in rice milling (Chapter section co-authored with Dr. Sunil Kumar, Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics, South Asian University, New Delhi)

2.5 Context matters: Contrasting Bihar with value chains in food processing internationally

3 Entrepreneurial perceptions

3.1 Drivers of entrepreneurial perceptions in food processing

3.2 Interactions of expectations with policy

3.3 Interactions of expectations with institutions

3.4 Context matters: Contrasting Bihar with expectations internationally

4 Successes and Failures (What works and what does not)

4.1 Policy lessons (What works): Case studies of successes in food processing in Bihar

4.2 Policy lessons (What does not work): Case studies of failures in food processing in Bihar

4.3 Limits to ex-ante choices in policy formulation in food processing

4.4 Identification of appropriate business strategies in food processing

5 Concluding Remarks

This book presents a wealth of perspectives on studying the manufacturing end of food processing industries, with a special focus on regions with a low industrial base and multiple missing markets, institutional finance being the most prominent example. Positioning food processing within the industrial ecosystem, which includes entrepreneurs, policymakers, business consultants and associations, the study first considers three different trajectories: for developed economies, for national territories like India, and for sub-national regions like Bihar. In turn, it shows how these trajectories intertwine in two dimensions: the region and the sub-sector. Successfully completing food-processing projects in any of these trajectories requires the identification and development of appropriate product networks that link basic processed items with advanced ones through a chain of value addition.

Moreover, the supply-side narrative presented here identifies two types of costs: physical and non-physical costs of operation. For trajectories with skewed firm sizes ("missing middle") and missing markets, which can be found in Bihar, the latter costs matter just as much as the former in terms of entrepreneurship. While efficiency in operations is studied for selected sub-sectors in Bihar's food processing to assess the main sources of inefficiency in minimizing the physical costs of operations, non-physical costs are studied using the construct of region-based counterfactual thinking (rCFT) and its relationship with the perception of risk for entrepreneurs. rCFT offers a new concept for understanding the mindset of the entrepreneur, in which the regional identity plays a significant role.

The empirical content is based on a primary survey of food processing in Bihar. Additional policy questions, such as the choice between spatial collocation of food parks or cluster-based development of unique sub-sectors, are explored through an analysis of the policy network that supports entrepreneurship. Issues arising from the government's policy choices, particularly vertically targeted industrial policies, can influence industrial outcomes and are particularly relevant for regions like Bihar. While policy evaluation for Bihar's processed food industry yields insights on policy targeting for decision-makers in the government, examples of parallel narratives from global experiences in comparable regions shed new light on industrial development in processed food, which should be of interest to business practitioners, academic researchers and policymakers alike.

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