William of Ockham's Early Theory of Property Rights in Context

 
 
Brill (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 19. November 2012
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Hardcover
  • |
  • XXIV, 396 Seiten
978-90-04-24346-0 (ISBN)
 
William of Ockham's (ca. 1288-1347) Opus nonaginta dierum has long been of interest to historians for his theory of rights. Yet the results of this interest has been uneven because most studies do not take sufficient account of the defences of Franciscan poverty already articulated by his fellow Franciscans, Bonagratia of Bergamo, Michael of Cesena, and Francis of Marchia. This book therefore presents and analyzes Ockham's account of property rights alongside those of his confreres. This contextualization of Ockham's theory corrects many misconceptions about his theory of property, natural law, and natural rights, and therefore also provides a new foundation for studies of his political oeuvre, intellectual development, and significance as a political theorist.
  • Englisch
  • Leiden
  • |
  • Niederlande
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • |
  • All those interested in intellectual history, Franciscan history, William of Ockham, historians of the history of natural rights, as well as those interested in the history of political thought.
  • laminiert
  • Höhe: 239 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 163 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 28 mm
  • 794 gr
978-90-04-24346-0 (9789004243460)
9004243461 (9004243461)
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Jonathan Robinson, Ph.D (2010) in Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, is a Post-doctoral researcher in the School of Canon Law, at the Catholic University of America. He has published several articles on aspects of the mendicant poverty controversy.
List of Figures. ix
List of Tables. ix
Preface. xi
Acknowledgements. xvii
Abbreviations. xix

Principal Texts & Events. xxiii

Chapter 1. Introduction. 1
1. Method. 7
2. Concepts and Terminology. 23
Chapter 2. The Position of John XXII. 27
1. From Suppression to Condemnation. 28
2. John's Early Account of Poverty. 32
3. John Re-acts. 38
4. John and the Types of Law. 40
5. Origin of Property. 42
6. Legal Nature of Use. 45
7. Summary of John's Theory. 58
Chapter 3. The Varieties of Ius. 61
1. Ius and the Jurists. 65
2. Bonagratia of Bergamo. 96
3. Michael of Cesena. 98
4. Francis of Marchia. 106
5. William of Ockham. 109
Chapter 4. The Nature of Dominium. 117
1. Bonagratia of Bergamo. 120
2. Michael of Cesena. 123
3. Francis of Marchia. 143
4. William of Ockham. 156
Chapter 5. The Species of Usus. 171
1. Bonagratia of Bergamo. 172
2. Michael of Cesena. 175
3. Francis of Marchia. 190
4. William of Ockham. 204
Chapter 6. Consumables. 221
1. Bonagratia of Bergamo. 221
2. Michael of Cesena. 225
3. Francis of Marchia. 232
4. William of Ockham. 239
Chapter 7. Corporate Poverty. 249
1. Origins of Corporate Poverty. 249
2. Innocent IV & Corporation Theory. 252
3. Bonagratia of Bergamo. 259
4. Michael of Cesena. 262
5. Francis of Marchia. 268
6. William of Ockham. 270
Chapter 8. Conclusions. 279
1. Summary of Michaelist Position. 279
2. Legal Catenae in the Opus nonaginta dierum. 288
A. Fourfold Community of Goods. 313
B. A Structural Analysis of the Michaelist Tracts. 319
C. Comparison of Legal References. 325
Bibliography. 349
Index. 375
Citations Index. 385

LIST OF FIGURES
1.1 Relationship of Texts. 14
5.1 Michael of Cesena on usus. 189
5.2 Francis of Marchia on usus. 203
5.3 William of Ockham on the types of usus. 218

LIST OF TABLES
4.1 Poverty in the Early Church and Medieval Church. 141
B.1 Structual Analysis of Michaelist Tracts. 320
C.1 Table of Canon Law References. 325
C.2 Table of Roman Law References. 339
`'Undoubtedly a highly important contribution, which any student of the history of natural rights, Franciscan history, or Ockham's political thought should read.''
Takashi Shogimen, University of Otago. In: Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 67, No. 1, 2014, p. 241.

`'Mas alla de los comentarios que puedan hacerse a una obra tan sugerente y rica en ideas, hay que destacar su importancia para estudiosos de muy diferentes campos: historia, derecho, filosofia o teologia. El mehor elogio que puede hacerse de un trabajo de este calibre es indicar la cantidad de interrogantes, conexiones y matices que presentan al lectori. En definitiva, un libro de grande interes que merece ser consultado por todos los que se interesan por el pensamieno juridico, por los historiadores del siglo XIV y por los estudiosos del franciscanismo medieval''.
Rafael Ramis Barcelo, University de les Illes Balears. In: Archivum Franciscanum Historicum, 106, 2013, p. 226.

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