The Director's Prism investigates how and why three of Russia's most innovative directors- Vsevelod Meyerhold, Alexander Tairov, and Sergei Eisenstein-used the fantastical tales of German Romantic writer E. T. A. Hoffmann to reinvent the rules of theatrical practice. Because the rise of the director and the Russian cult of Hoffmann closely coincided, Posner argues, many characteristics we associate with avant-garde theater-subjective perspective, breaking through the fourth wall, activating the spectator as a co-creator-become uniquely legible in the context of this engagement. Posner examines the artistic poetics of Meyerhold's grotesque, Tairov's mime-drama, and Eisenstein's theatrical attraction through production analyses, based on extensive archival research, that challenge the notion of theater as a mirror to life, instead viewing the director as a prism through whom life is refracted. A resource for scholars and practitioners alike, this groundbreaking study provides a fresh, provocative perspective on experimental theater, intercultural borrowings, and the nature of the creative process.
Dassia Posner is an assistant professor in the Department of Theatre at Northwestern University, USA.
"Dassia Posner's eloquently written book demonstrates originality and impressive research. It will be useful to a wide range of audiences, including academics and students whose research involves Russian theatre, European modernism, Russian modernist directors and the theater of the grotesque." --Julia Listengarten, author of Russian Tragifarce: Its Cultural and Political Roots
"Hoffmann's impact on the Russian literary imagination, from the Romantics and Gogol on, is well known; so is the German author's prominence in the theatrical space at the turn of the twentieth century, up to the centenary of his death in 1922, which Posner, in an elegant and compelling way, situates as an epilogue to the Soviet engagement with Hoffmann and to her study... She makes extensive (as well as illuminating and loving) use of archival sources... [an] original and stimulating book." --Studies in Russian and Soviet Cinema
..".highly original and successful... a truly exceptional source for theatre scholars and practitioners alike." --Theatre Survey "The Director's Prism is a splendid contribution to the history of Russian theater and more broadly to European and world theatrical and cultural history, combining expertise in various fields rarely found in a single scholar." --Harlow Robinson, author of Russians in Hollywood, Hollywood's Russians: Biography of an Image"The Director's Prism takes as its starting point the works of E.T.A. Hoffmann and his influence... Yet, the work is much more than that. Take the sections on Hoffmann's influence away and this book would still have meaning and add new knowledge. Posner encourages us, like the directors that she examines, to see the role of theatricality in theatre. She creates an alternative lens through which we can examine how directors interpret text... As a director, the prism lens through which Posner shines a directorial light is both useful and meaningful: it also enables a clear frame in which we are able to re-examine these practitioners... Posner's ability to draw on a variety of sources including promptbooks, diaries, reviews, government documents, and letters lies at the heart of the book's strength. In a time where our assumptions are shifting in relation to Russian theatre practice, The Director's Prism should be recommended reading for all." --Stanislavski Studies "Posner explores the many ways in which Hoffmann's literary fantasies prompted a theatrical revolution in Russia during the first decades of the twentieth century. Through close analyses of archives and directorial promptbooks, she illustrates the rich lines of influence among three of Russia's most important avant-garde directors." --Sharon Marie Carnicke, author of Stanislavsky in Focus
"In The Director's Prism, Dassia Posner... not only authoritatively establishes Hoffman's importance but also offers an insightful account of the complex webs of innovation and inspiration at the heart of the Russian and early Soviet theatrical avant-garde. The Director's Prism convincingly establishes E. T. A. Hoffmann's poetics as a central component of Russian modernist aesthetics, offering clear evidence for its place in the work of each of the directors in question, bridging the divide between pre- and post-revolutionary work. While the book is essential reading for anyone interested in the Russian theatrical avant-garde, Posner's theorization of the concept of refraction makes it quite valuable for anyone interested in questions of artistic influence--especially as these are problematized by Modernism's thirst for innovation." --Slavic and East European Journal
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