Over the past 20 years, the increased dominance in banking of the shareholder ownership model, whose main purpose is to maximize financial returns for shareholders, has proved to be a toxic combination with the financial deregulation the sector has undergone, the creation of new financial instruments and the concomitant rising levels of debt. Despite the growing role of private limited-liability banks around the world, co-operative banking still offers a compelling alternative, especially in Europe where the roots of co-operative institutions date back to the nineteenth century.
This book studies the characteristics of different co-operative banking models of networks across several European countries to assess their impact on the profitability and resilience of the networks and their co-operative components. To date, empirical studies have neglected to examine the features of the networks to which co-operative banks belong. Surprisingly, there is little evidence on the extent to which the diverse organizational network structures determine differences in the profits and stability of individual banks and their networks across different countries. The principal objective of this book is to fill this gap in the literature. The European countries considered are Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands. In these countries, co-operative banks constitute a significant presence although the organizational forms their networks take are quite different. Focusing on this sample of European countries therefore affords insights and reveals policy implications about the role that network organizations play in driving the performances of co-operative banks, which will be of interest to academics, researchers, and students of banking and financial institutions.
Federica Poli is an Associate Professor of Banking and Finance at Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy, where she is Director of the undergraduate degree in Service Management and of the MA in International Trade Management. She is the author of publications in national and international academic journals and books on the topic of bank management and financial intermediation.
Chapter 1. The theoretical background of co-operative banking
Chapter 2. Co-operative banking networks: rationalities and models
Chapter 3. Co-operative banking in Austria
Chapter 4. Co-operative banking in Finland
Chapter 5. Co-operative banking in France
Chapter 6. Co-operative banking in Germany
Chapter 7. Co-operative banking in Italy
Chapter 8. Co-operative banking in the Netherlands
Chapter 9. The performance of co-operative banking networks and the challenges they face
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