Comparative Sociology of Examinations

Routledge (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
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  • erschienen am 21. März 2019
  • Buch
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  • Hardcover
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  • 334 Seiten
978-1-138-60924-2 (ISBN)
Contemporary societies are constructed, constricted, and constrained by various series of examinations. Governments of both Western and non-Western countries tend to conduct detailed, multi-layered and continuous systems of tests or examinations. International tests, such as PISA and TIMSS, have also been introduced to compare the relative performances of learners within diverse educational institutions across different countries. Examinations therefore provide a methodological pivot for comparing a range of societies. They enable us to contrast the West and the East; the North and the South; tribal and mass society; ancient and postmodern civilization; and so on.

Comparing parallel societies from across Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and North America, this book proposes fundamental transitions in sociological research from system to process and from communication to composition through intensive studies on examinations. It uses ethnographies, interviews, questionnaires, documents, statistics, and big-data analyses to make comparisons on broad scales of time and space. In so doing, it suggests hypotheses encompassing different kinds of societies in human history, including those in the Axial Age and the Modern Ages.
  • Englisch
  • London
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
  • 10 s/w Photographien bzw. Rasterbilder, 72 s/w Zeichnungen, 19 s/w Tabellen
  • |
  • 72 Line drawings, black and white; 10 Halftones, black and white; 19 Tables, black and white
  • Höhe: 164 mm
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  • Breite: 241 mm
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  • Dicke: 25 mm
  • 636 gr
978-1-138-60924-2 (9781138609242)
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Fumiya Onaka is a Professor of Comparative Sociology at Japan Women's University. He received his PhD in sociology from The University of Tokyo in 2007. His research focuses on examinations; careers; disabilities; and their relations with local cultures and processes, facilitated by the integrated use of ethnographies, interviews, observations, questionnaires, and periodicals. His primary field of study is Thailand, while secondary fields are Japan, South Korea, and the United Kingdom. This allows for "thick comparisons" between several areas in these countries. He is the executive secretary of ISA RC20 (Comparative Sociology) anda board member of ISA RC33 (Logic and Methodology in Sociology) and ISA RC56 (Historical Sociology).
Notes on contributorsPreface
Part I Preliminary Studies
1. Toward a Comparative Sociology of Examinations in Two Thai Villages Fumiya Onaka2. Toward a Comparative Sociology of Non-modern Examinations Fumiya Onaka3. Toward a Comparative Sociology of Modern Examinations Fumiya Onaka
Part II Multilocal Studies
4. Typology of Abilities Tested in University Entrance Examinations: Comparisons of the United States, Japan, Iran and France Masako Watanabe5 Comparison of the Big Tests' Origins in Japan and the United States: The Characteristics of "Elementary School Examination" in the Early Meiji Era Akihiko Hashimoto6. The Historical Knowledge and Thinking Measured by Entrance Examinations: Comparisons of the United States and Japan NAKAGIRI Masato7. Comparative Sociology of Ability and Examinations in Post-Manufacturing Societies from Interview Surveys in the United Kingdom and Japan (tentative) Shinichi Aizawa8. Comparative Sociology of 11 to 18 Examinations in Thailand, England, and Japan Fumiya Onaka9. Research Note on the Comparative Sociology of 11 to 18 Examinations in Korea and Japan Fumiya Onaka10. Comparative Sociology of Examination Reforms around 2000: South Korea and Thailand Fumiya Onaka
Part III Multi-oriented Studies
11. High School Selectivity and the Measure of Merit: High School Students' Perceptions of the Various University Entrance Procedures in Japan Guillaume ALBERT12. The Polish Language Matura in the Context of Examination History and in Comparison with the French Baccalauréat Lukasz Remisiewicz13. How does Educational Selection in Singapore Define What and How to Test "Merit"? Sim Choon Kiat14. The Pono' (Pondok) Examinations in the Southern Border Provinces of Thailand Fumiya Onaka

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