Sparsity

Graphs, Structures, and Algorithms
 
 
Springer (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 9. Mai 2014
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Softcover
  • |
  • 484 Seiten
978-3-642-42776-3 (ISBN)
 
This is the first book devoted to the systematic study of sparse graphs and sparse finite structures. Although the notion of sparsity appears in various contexts and is a typical example of a hard to define notion, the authors devised an unifying classification of general classes of structures. This approach is very robust and it has many remarkable properties. For example the classification is expressible in many different ways involving most extremal combinatorial invariants.
This study of sparse structures found applications in such diverse areas as algorithmic graph theory, complexity of algorithms, property testing, descriptive complexity and mathematical logic (homomorphism preservation,fixed parameter tractability and constraint satisfaction problems). It should be stressed that despite of its generality this approach leads to linear (and nearly linear) algorithms.

Jaroslav NeSetril is a professor at Charles University, Prague; Patrice Ossona de Mendez is a CNRS researcher et EHESS, Paris.
This book is related to the material presented by the first author at ICM 2010.
Paperback
2012
  • Englisch
  • Heidelberg
  • |
  • Deutschland
Springer Berlin
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • |
  • Graduate
  • 32 s/w Abbildungen, 100 farbige Abbildungen
  • |
  • 100 Illustrations, color; 32 Illustrations, black and white; XXIII, 459 p. 132 illus., 100 illus. in color.
  • Höhe: 238 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 154 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 30 mm
  • 711 gr
978-3-642-42776-3 (9783642427763)
10.1007/978-3-642-27875-4
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Part I Presentation: 1. Introduction.- 2. A Few Problems.- 3. Commented Contents.- Part II. The Theory: 4. Prolegomena.- 5. Measuring Sparsity.- 6. Classes and their Classification.- 7. Bounded Height Trees and Tree-Depth.- 8. Decomposition.- 9. Independence.- 10. First-Order Constraint Satisfaction Problems and Homomorphism Dualities.- 11. Restricted Homomorphism Dualities.- 12. Counting.- 13. Back to Classes.- Part III Applications: 14. Classes with Bounded Expansion - Examples.- 15. Property Testing, Hyperfiniteness and Separators.- 16. Algorithmic Applications.- 17. Other Applications.- 18. Conclusion.- Bibliography.- Index.- List of Symbols.
From the reviews:

"This well-crafted and well-written work ... brings the authors' vast knowledge, expertise, taste, and judgment to bear on an increasingly important and mainstream subject. ... This is a much-needed book devoted to the systematic study of sparse graphs and sparse classes of structures. ... This is an important and useful book. It contains a wealth of up-to-date material, some of which is not readily available in research papers. ... A researcher in graph theory or related fields will find this an excellent reference work." (Jozsef Balogh, Mathematical Reviews, March, 2013)

"This is an excellent and useful book for all researchers in mathematics, computer science, logic, and even in any field in physical science, who seek the tools available for analysis of the properties of discrete structures, and particularly, sparse structures." (Tadashi Sakuma, zbMATH, Vol. 1268, 2013)

"The book is very well written and diagrammed to beautifully present the theory supporting the study of sparse and dense objects. ... the book contains up-to-date research topics laid out in an amazing chain of thoughts. Almost every chapter ends with exercises, aiding professors in advanced graduate courses. The extensive list of references, together with conjectures and open problems, offers professors, students, and researchers ... profound knowledge on the sparsity of graphs, all in one great book." (Andre Maximo, Computing Reviews, October, 2012)
This is the first book devoted to the systematic study of sparse graphs and sparse finite structures. Although the notion of sparsity appears in various contexts and is a typical example of a hard to define notion, the authors devised an unifying classification of general classes of structures. This approach is very robust and it has many remarkable properties. For example the classification is expressible in many different ways involving most extremal combinatorial invariants.

This study of sparse structures found applications in such diverse areas as algorithmic graph theory, complexity of algorithms, property testing, descriptive complexity and mathematical logic (homomorphism preservation,fixed parameter tractability and constraint satisfaction problems). It should be stressed that despite of its generality this approach leads to linear (and nearly linear) algorithms.

Jaroslav Nesetril is a professor at Charles University, Prague; Patrice Ossona de Mendez is a CNRS researcher et EHESS, Paris.

This book is related to the material presented by the first author at ICM 2010.
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