Aramaic scholars, Semitists, historians of Ancient Egypt, Bible scholars, papyrologists, historians of Ancient Israel.
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Takamitsu Muraoka, Ph.D. (1970) in Hebrew, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, is Professor of Hebrew Language and Literature, Israelite Antiquities and Ugaritic at the State University of Leiden, The Netherlands. His past publications deal with the Hebrew/Aramaic/Syriac linguistics and the ancient versions of the Old Testament; e.g. Emphatic Words and Structures of Biblical Hebrew (Jerusalem/Leiden), Classical Syriac for Hebraists (Wiesbaden, 1987), P. Joüon - T. Muraoka A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew (Rome, 1993) and A Greek-English Lexicon of the Septuagint (Leuven, 2003).
Bezalel Porten, Ph.D. (1964) in Jewish History, Columbia University, is Professor of Jewish History at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His publications focus on the ancient Egyptian Aramaic texts, and include Archives from Elephantine (Berkeley, 1968) and, jointly with A. Yardeni, Textbook of Aramaic Documents from Ancient Egypt, 4 vols. (Jerusalem, 1986-).
'The grammar by Muraoka and Porten will be effectively and gratefully used for linguistic studies as well as for interpretation of texts. Various problems will be led to at least preliminary solution with help of analysis and critical notes.' Stanislav Segert, Archiv Orientalni, 1998. 'Readers who are familiar with the textual material will find stimulating grammatical interpretations that, if taken seriously and critically, will pave the way to a deeper understanding of Egyptian Aramaic.' Austinus Gianto, Orientalia, 2000.
This is the first up-to-date, and complete grammar of Egyptian Aramaic as presented in texts of Egyptian provenance dating from the middle of the first millennium B.C.E. and as edited by B. Porten and A. Yardeni in their 'Textbook of Aramaic Documents from Ancient Egypt' (Jerusalem, 1986-). The grammar covers not only the phonology and morphology, but contains a substantial section on morphosyntax and syntax. It is a descriptive grammar enriched with the expert knowledge and familiarity of one of the co-authors with the contents and background of the texts in question. It is meant to replace P. Leander's 'Laut- und Formenlehre des Ägyptisch-Aramäischen' (1928), but also supplements it substantially, because it had no syntax.
Due to the utmost importance and interest of these ancient texts, this grammar is a vade mecum for every Aramaist, Semitist and Historian in the field.
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