Engineering Karstology of Dams and Reservoirs

 
 
Productivity Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 18. Mai 2018
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Hardcover
  • |
  • XII, 356 Seiten
978-1-4987-4807-0 (ISBN)
 
Karst terrains have been modified and adapted through a range of human activities as the need for flood control, irrigation, food production, hydropower production and other resourceshasincreased. Successful reclamation projects require construction of dams and reservoirs. Karst terrains present the most complex working conditions for dam foundation and realization of safe reservoir space. Practical engineering solutions are extremely complex and the need for successful solution requires serious investigations and the cooperation of a wide spectrum of scientists and engineers. A wealth of data on dam projects in karst has been collected and presented in this book. Since reservoirs in karst may fail to fill despite extensive investigations and remediation treatment the book includes a description of failures as well.
  • Englisch
  • Portland
  • |
  • USA
Taylor & Francis Inc
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
  • 259
  • |
  • 154 s/w Zeichnungen, 18 Farbfotos bzw. farbige Rasterbilder, 105 s/w Photographien bzw. Rasterbilder, 4 s/w Tabellen, 18 farbige Abbildungen, 259 s/w Abbildungen
  • |
  • 40 color images
  • Höhe: 235 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 156 mm
  • 748 gr
978-1-4987-4807-0 (9781498748070)
1498748074 (1498748074)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Petar Milanovic is Professor Emeritus, President of the Serbian Chapter of the International Association of Hydrogeologists and a member of the Governing Board of the International Karst Institute founded by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and UNESCO. Since 1973 he has been a member of the IAH Karst Commission and was instrumental in the organization ofa few Karst Commission Meetings. He has more than 50 years of experience in investigation, analysis and design related to hydrogeological and geotechnical issues for different civil structures. He has specialized in problems related to karst rock masses. He has been a visiting professor and distinguished lecturer on karst theory and engineering karstology at universities across the world, and countries with construction problems in karst.

Dr. Milanovic is author of several books on hydrogeology and engineering in karst. He has written more than 100 professional and scientific papers and has contributed to numerous other publications on this subject. As a consultant and member of boards of experts, he has participated in investigations, design and construction of more than 80 dams, reservoirs, tunnels and tailings in different karst regions worldwide.

He has received many awards for his work, including: Mostar University Award 1987; the Yugoslav National Committee for Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology Award 1987; Hacettepe University Award, Turkey 2000; Karst China 2001 Award, Beijing. In 2011 he was awarded Honorary Membership of the US National Speleological Society and, in2017, thePresident's Award of International Association of Hydrogeologists.
General Introduction
Karst and Engineering
Distribution of Karst
Types of Karst
Introduction to Engineering Karstology
Dams and Reservoirs in Karst
Characterization of Karst Aquifers
Karstification
Specific Structural Features of Karst Porosity
Role of Erosion and Evorsion in Karst Features Development
Depth of Karstification
Hydrogeological Properties of Karst Aquifer
Karst Features Relevant to Dam Hydrogeology
Turbidity

The Regional Approach to Select Proper Sites for Dams and Reservoirs
The Karst Types - Engineering Approach
Geomorphological Properties
Storage Properties of Valleys and Karst Depressions - Poljes
Importance of Lithological and Geological Structures
The Hydrogeological Role of the Base of Karstification
Specific Methods of Investigations in Karst
Karst Nature - Needs for Specific Investigations
Properties of Discontinuities
Piezometers and the Groundwater Regime
Geophysical Methods
Tracer Techniques
Speleology
Hydrogeological Investigations and Monitoring
Methods to Determine the Permeability of Dam Foundationand Reservoirs
Geological Settings of Dam Sites and Reservoirs
Seepage Conditions in Karstified Rocks
Investigation Boreholes
Permeability Characteristics Derived From Pressure Tests and Groundwater Regime Analysis
Karstification and Hydraulic Conductivity
Adits (Investigation Galleries, Drifts)

Waterproofing in Karst
General Aspects
Karst Features and Processes - Sources of Leakage
Underground Waterproofing
Surface Waterproofing
Dams and Reservoirs Construction on Evaporites
Evaporites - Risky Environment for Dam Construction
Evaporites - General Characteristics
List of Dam and Reservoir in Evaporites with Construction Problems
Selected Case Studies

Underground Dams and Reservoirs
Underground Dams - New Challenges
General Geological Properties as Prerequisite for Underground Dam Installation
Selected Case Studies
Modeling in Karst
Modelling and its Limitation in Engineering Karstology
Physical Models of Karst Aquifer
Modeling Disturbances of Natural Flow Regimes due to Construction of Reservoirs
Modeling the Consequences of Dam Construction on Processes of Karstification
Leakage From Reservoirs - A Common Problem in Karst
The Leakage - Key Problem in Engineering Karstology
Case Studies of Leakage as Consequence of Progressive Erosion and Dissolution
Collapses (Sinkholes) as Consequences of Reservoir Operation
Acceptable Leakage

Engineering and The Environmental Impact of Dams and Reservoirs in Karst
Introduction
Impact to Regional Regime of Surface and Groundwater
Impact on Subterranean and Terrestrial Fauna and Archeological Material
Submergence of Large Karst Springs by Reservoirs
Reservoir Bank Storage
Karst-triggered Seismicity
Trans-boundary Problems and Groundwater Protection
A Simplified Model of Trans-boundary Aquifers in Karst
Trans-boundary Problems Common in Karst
The Questions that Arise
Groundwater Protection Zoning in Karst - A Conceptual Model

A Catalog of Selected Dams and Reservoirs in Karst
A List of Dams Known to be Constructed in Karstified Rocks
List of Dams with Problems due to Large Caverns and Hypogene Karstification
Dams with Successful Waterproofing During Construction
Case Studies with Successful Corrective Works
Dams with Unsuccessful or Partially Successful Remedial Works
Redesigned Anti-Leakage Structures
Dams and Reservoirs with Acceptable Seepage Losses
Dams that were Displaced, Abandoned or have Limited use
Reservoir Failures After Many Years of Operation
Dams Under Design or Construction
Abandoned Sites, Redesigned or Temporary Frozen Projects
Tailings Dams and Ponds in Karst
Dams for Submerged Spring Tapping

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