In this revised version of a 1992 Stanford University dissertation, the author presents an extensive discussion of Japanese complex predicates. A broad range of constructions and predicates are discussed, which include predicative complement constructions, light verbs, causative predicates, desiderative predicates, syntactic and lexical compound verbs, and complex motion predicates. A number of facts are uncovered, and detailed syntactic and semantic analyses are presented. On the basis of the analyses, the author argues that the notion "word" must be relativized to at least three different senses - morphological, grammatical (functional), and semantic - and that this observation can be insightfully captured in the theory of lexical-functional grammar. Previous proposals for each type of predicate that involve such mechanisms as argument transfer, incorporation, and restructuring are reviewed. Concrete proposals on the constraints on semantic wordhood are also made (an issue rarely discussed in the literature), drawing on insights from cognitive linguistics.
Levels of representation, the notion "word"; the Morau and Hoshii constructions; light verb constructions; desiderative predicates; morphological causatives; aspectual and other syntactic compound verbs; lexical compound verbs; complex motion predicates; constraints on semantically lexical items.
Dewey Decimal Classfication (DDC)