'CAA2016: Oceans of Data' gives an up-to-date overview of the field of archaeology and informatics. It presents ground-breaking technologies and best practice from various archaeological and computer science disciplines. The articles in this volume are based on the foremost presentations from the 44th Computer Applications in Archaeology Conference 2016, held in Oslo. The theme of CAA2016 was 'Exploring Oceans of Data', alluding to one of the greatest challenges in this field: the use and reuse of large datasets that result both from digitalisation and digital documentation of excavations and surveys. The volume contains 50 peer reviewed and highest ranked papers that are divided in eight parts, including an introduction and seven chapters. The introduction sets the stage with Oceans of Data (C.-E. Ore) and Theorising the Digital (S. Perry and J. S. Taylor), discussing the current status of overall CAA research. These two papers present the current developments, challenges, and potential that lies ahead from different perspectives. Ore points to the importance of common authority systems and ontologies. Common conceptual data models will ease curation and secure long term reusability. Perry and Taylor address the need to bring together theoretical and digital archaeology. In the following chapters, different topics are presented under the headings Ontologies and Standards, Field and Laboratory Data Recording and Analysis, Archaeological Information Systems, GIS and Spatial Analysis, 3D and Visualisation, Complex Systems Simulation, and Teaching Archaeology in the Digital Age.
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MIEKO MATSUMOTO is a member of the scientific staff at the Museum of Cultural History, the University of Oslo. With an education and research background from Japan, Norway, and Poland, she is an archaeologist with a wide knowledge of international lithic technology. Her research specialty focuses on the European Palaeolithic and the Norwegian Stone Age. She is a long-standing member of CAA International and CAA-Norway, with numerous publications on ICT and archaeology. | ESPEN ULEBERG is the coordinator of the Digital Documentation Section at the Museum of Cultural History, the University of Oslo. With an education and research background from Germany and Norway, he is an archaeologist working with digitising museum collections since the early 1990s. He has international experience and knowledge over the use of field GIS and databases. He was chair of the organising committee of CAA2016, and is a long-standing member of CAA International and CAA-Norway, with numerous publications on ICT and archaeology.
Foreword; INTRODUCTION; Oceans of Data: Creating a Safe Haven for Information - Christian-Emil ORE; Theorising the Digital: A Call to Action for the Archaeological Community - Sara PERRY and James Stuart TAYLOR; ONTOLOGIES AND STANDARDS; Is that a Good Concept? - George BRUSEKER, Maria Daskalaki, Martin Doerr, and Stephen STEAD; Sculptures in the Semantic Web Using Semantic Technologies for the Deep Integration of Research Items in ARIADNE - Philipp GERTH, Dennis Mario Beck, Wolfgang Schmidle, and Sebastian Cuy; Formalization and Reuse of Methodological Knowledge on Archaeology across European Organizations - Cesar GONZALEZ-PEREZ, Patricia Mart in-Rodilla, and Elena Viorica Epure; Linked Open Data for Numismatic Library, Archive and Museum Integration - Ethan GRUBER; Sustainability = Separation: Keeping Database Structure, Domain Structure and Interface Separate - Ian JOHNSON; Systematic Literature Review on Automated Monument Detection: A Remote Investigation on Patterns within the Field of Automated Monument Detection - Karl Hjalte Maack RAUN and Duncan PATERSON; Bioarchaeology Module Loading...Please Hold. Recording Human Bioarchaeological Data from Portuguese Archaeological Field Reports - Ana Lema SEABRA, Filipa Mascarenhas NETO, and Cristina BARROSO-CRUZ; Methodological Tips for Mappings to CIDOC CRM - Maria THEODORIDOU, George Bruseker, and Martin Doerr; An Ontology for a Numismatic Island with Bridges to Others - Karsten TOLLE, David Wigg-Wolf, and Ethan Gruber; Integrating Analytical with Digital Data in Archaeology: Towards a Multidisciplinary Ontological Solution. The Salamis Terracotta Statues Case-Study - Valentina VASSALLO, Giusi Sorrentino, Svetlana Gasanova , and Sorin Hermon; FIELD AND LABORATORY DATA RECORDING AND ANALYSIS; Integrated Methodologies for Knowledge and Valorisation of the Roman Casinum City - Michela CIGOLA, Arturo Gallozzi, Leonardo Paris, and Emanuela Chiavoni; A Multidisciplinary Project for the Study of Historical Landscapes: New Archaeological and Physicochemical Data from the 'Colline Metallifere' District - Luisa DALLAI, Alessandro DONATI, and Vanessa VOLPI; From Survey, to 3D Modelling, to 3D Printing: Bramante's Nymphaeum Colonna at Genazzano. - Tommaso EMPLER and Adriana CALDARONE; Towards a National Infrastructure for Semi-Automatic Mapping of Cultural Heritage in Norway - Martin KERMIT, Jarle Hamar Reksten, and Oivind Due Trier; Experiments in the Automatic Detection of Archaeological Features in Remotely Sensed Data from Great Plains Villages, USA - Kenneth L. KVAMME; Interpolating 3D Stratigraphy from Indirect Information - Lutz SCHUBERT, Ana Predoi, and Keith Jeffery; Closing a Gap with a Simple Toy: How the Use of the Tablet Affected the Documentation Workflow during the Excavations of the Rozprza Ring-Fort (Central Poland) - Jerzy SIKORA and Piotr KITTEL; Supercomputing at the Trench Edge: Expediting Image Based 3D Recoding - David STOTT, Matteo Pilati , Carsten Meinertz Risager , and Jens-Bjorn Riis Andresen; Semi-Automatic Mapping of Charcoal Kilns from Airborne Laser Scanning Data Using Deep Learning - Oivind Due TRIER, Arnt-Borre Salberg, and Lars Holger Pilo; Documenting Facades of Etruscan Rock-Cut Tombs: from 3D Recording to Archaeological Analysis - Tatiana VOTROUBEKOVA; Archaeological Information Systems - Fasti Online: Excavation, Conservation and Surveys. Twelve Years of Open Access; Archaeological Data Online - Michael JOHNSON, Florence Laino, Stuart Eve, and Elizabeth Fentress; DOHA - Doha Online Historical Atlas - Michal MICHALSKI, Robert Carter , Daniel Eddisford, Richard Fletcher, and Colleen Morgan; Digital Archives - More Than Just a Skeuomorph - Emily NIMMO and Peter MCKEAGUE; When Data Meets the Enterprise: How Flanders Heritage Agency Turned a Merger of Organisations into a Confluence of Information - Koen VAN DAELE, Maarten Vermeyen, Sophie Mortier , and Leen Meganck; GIS AND SPATIAL ANALYSIS; Crossroads: LCP - Model Testing and Historical Paths During the Iron Age in the North-East Iberian Peninsula (4th to 1st Centuries BC) - Joan Canela GRACIA and Nuria Otero HERRAIZ; Boundaries of Agrarian Production in the Bergisches Land in 1715 AD - Irmela HERZOG; Geometric Graphs to Study Ceramic Decoration - Thomas HUET; Vertical Aspects of Stone Age Distribution in South-East Norway - Mieko MATSUMOTO and Espen ULEBERG; 3D AND VISUALISATION; Emerging Technologies for Archaeological Heritage: Knowledge, Digital Documentation, and Communication - Martina ATTENNI, Carlo Bianchini, and Alfonso Ippolito; New Actualities for Mediterranean Ancient Theaters: the ATHENA Project Lesson - Carlo BIANCHINI, Carlo Inglese, and Alfonso Ippolito; Archaeology and Augmented Reality. Visualizing Stone Age Sea Level on Location - Birgitte BJORKLI, Sarunas Ledas , Gunnar Liestol, Tomas Stenarson, and Espen Uleberg; A Virtual Reconstruction of the Sun Temple of Niuserra: from Scans to ABIM - Angela BOSCO, Andrea D'Andrea, Massimiliano Nuzzolo, Rosanna Pirelli, and Patrizia Zanfagna; A 3D Digital Approach for the Study and Presentation of the Bisarcio Site - Paola DERUDAS, Maria Carla Sgarella, and Marco Callieri; The Role of Representation in Archaeological Architecture - Mario DOCCI, Carlo Inglese, and Alfonso Ippolito; Digital Archaeological Dissemination: Eleniana Domus in Rome - Tommaso EMPLER; On Roof Construction and Wall Strength: Non-Linear Structural Integrity Analysis of the Early Bronze Age Helike Corridor House - Mariza Christina KORMANN, Stella Katsarou, Dora Katsonopoulou, and Gary Lock; An Exploratory Use of 3D for Investigating a Prehistoric Stratigraphic Sequence - Giacomo LANDESCHI, Jan Apel, Stefan Lindgren, and Nicolo Dell'Unto; Les gestes retrouves: a 3D Visualization Approach to the Functional Study of Early Upper Palaeolithic Ground Stones - Laura LONGO, Natalia Skakun, Giusi Sorrentino, Valentina Vassallo, Dante Abate , Vera Terehina, Andrei Sinitsyn, Gennady Khlopachev , and Sorin Hermon; Enhancing Archaeological Interpretation with Volume Calculations. An Integrated Method of 3D Recording and Modeling - Giulio POGGI and Mirko BUONO; 3D Spatial Analysis: the Road Ahead - Martijn VAN LEUSEN and Gary NOBLES; COMPLEX SYSTEMS SIMULATION; Weaving the Common Threads of Simulation and Formation Studies in Archaeology - Benjamin DAVIES; Evolving Hominins in HomininSpace: Genetic Algorithms and the Search for the 'Perfect' Neanderthal - Fulco SCHERJON; An Agent-Based Approach to Weighted Decision Making in the Spatially and Temporally Variable South African Paleoscape - Colin D. WREN, Chloe Atwater , Kim Hill, Marco A. Janssen, Jan C. DE Vynck, and Curtis W. Marean; TEACHING ARCHAEOLOGY IN THE DIGITAL AGE; Archaeological Education for a Digital World: Case Studies from the Contemporary and Historical US - Anna S. AGBE-DAVIES; Teaching Archaeology or Teaching Digital Archaeology: Do We Have to Choose? - Sylvain BADEY and Anne MOREAU; DOMUS: Cyber-Archaeology and Education - Alex DA SILVA MARTIRE and Tatiana BINA; Digital Data Recording at Circus Maximus: A Recent Experience - Alessandro VECCHIONE and Domenica DININNO; Teaching GIS in Archaeology: What Students Focus On - Mar ZAMORA MERCHAN and Javier BAENA PREYSLER
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