The Fetish Revisited

Marx, Freud, and the Gods Black People Make
Duke University Press
  • erschienen am 1. Oktober 2018
  • Buch
  • |
  • Hardcover
  • |
  • 392 Seiten
978-1-4780-0075-4 (ISBN)
Since the early-modern encounter between African and European merchants on the Guinea Coast, European social critics have invoked African gods as metaphors for misplaced value and agency, using the term "fetishism" chiefly to assert the irrationality of their fellow Europeans. Yet, as J. Lorand Matory demonstrates in The Fetish Revisited, Afro-Atlantic gods have a materially embodied social logic of their own, which is no less rational than the social theories of Marx and Freud. Drawing on thirty-six years of fieldwork in Africa, Europe, and the Americas, Matory casts an Afro-Atlantic eye on European theory to show how Marx's and Freud's conceptions of the fetish both illuminate and misrepresent Africa's human-made gods. Through this analysis, the priests, practices, and spirited things of four major Afro-Atlantic religions simultaneously call attention to the culture-specific, materially conditioned, physically embodied, and indeed fetishistic nature of Marx's and Freud's theories themselves. Challenging long-held assumptions about the nature of gods and theories, Matory offers a novel perspective on the social roots of these tandem African and European understandings of collective action, while illuminating the relationship of European social theory to the racism suffered by Africans and assimilated Jews alike.
  • Englisch
  • North Carolina
  • |
  • USA
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Gewebe-Einband
51 photographs, incl. 9 in color
  • Höhe: 229 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 152 mm
978-1-4780-0075-4 (9781478000754)
1478000759 (1478000759)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
J. Lorand Matory is Lawrence Richardson Professor of Cultural Anthropology and Director of the Sacred Arts of the Black Atlantic Project at Duke University. He is the author of Stigma and Culture: Last-Place Anxiety in Black America; Black Atlantic Religion: Tradition, Transnationalism, and Matriarchy in the Afro-Brazilian Candomble; and Sex and the Empire That Is No More: Gender and the Politics of Metaphor in Oyo Yoruba Religion.
Preface ix
A Note on Orthography xix
Introduction 1
Part I. The Factory, the Coat, the Piano, and the "Negro Slave": On the Afro-Atlantic Sources of Marx's Fetish 41
1. The Afro-Atlantic Context of Historical Materialism 45
2. The "Negro-Slave" in Marx's Labor Theory of Value 60
3. Marx's Fetishization of People and Things 78
Conclusion to Part I 92
Part II. The Acropolis, the Couch, the Fur Hat, and the "Savage": On Freud's Ambivalent Fetish 97
4. The Fetishes That Assimilated Jewish Men Make 103
5. The Fetish as an Architecture of Solidarity and Conflict 117
6. The Castrator and the Castrated in the Fetishes of Psychoanalysis 145
Conclusion to Part II 165
Part III. Pots, Packets, Beads, and Foreigners: The Making and the Meaning of the Real-Life "Fetish" 171
7. The Contrary Ontologies of Two Revolutions 175
8. Commodities and Gods 191
9. The Madeness of Gods and Other People 249
Conclusion to Part III 285
Conclusion. Eshu's Hat, or An Afro-Atlantic Theory of Theory 289
Acknowledgments 325
Notes 331
References 339
About the Author

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