This open access book examines more than two centuries of societal development using novel historical and statistical approaches. It applies the well-being monitor developed by Statistics Netherlands that has been endorsed by a significant part of the international, statistical community.
It features The Netherlands as a case study, which is an especially interesting example; although it was one of the world's richest countries around 1850, extreme poverty and inequality were significant problems of well-being at the time. Monitors of 1850, 1910, 1970 and 2015 depict the changes in three dimensions of well-being: the quality of life 'here and now', 'later' and 'elsewhere'. The analysis of two centuries shows the solutions to the extreme poverty problem and the appearance of new sustainability problems, especially in domestic and foreign ecological systems.
The study also reveals the importance of natural capital: soil, air, water and subsoil resources, showing their relation with the social structure of the 'here and now¿. Treatment and trade of natural resources also impacted on the quality of life 'later' and 'elsewhere.' Further, the book illustrates the role of natural capital by dividing the capital into three types of raw materials and concomitant material flows: bio-raw materials, mineral and fossil subsoil resources.
Additionally, the analysis of the institutional context identifies the key roles of social groups in well-being development. The book ends with an assessment of the solutions and barriers offered by the historical anchoring of the well-being and sustainability issues. This unique analysis of well-being and sustainability and its institutional analysis appeals to historians, statisticians and policy makers.
Prof. dr. ir. Harry Lintsen (1948) is professor emeritus of history of technology at the Eindhoven University of Technology and member of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences. He has been the chief editor of the six volume book series on the history of technology in the Netherlands in 19th
century and chairman of the editing board of the seven volume book series on the history of technology in the Netherlands in 20th century. Based on these works he wrote Made in Holland a history of technology of the Netherlands 1800-2000. Other important research domains of prof. Lintsen is the historical development of the Dutch knowledge infrastructure in the twentieth century. From 2010 to 2017 he has been the project leader of the research project Historical Roots of the Dutch Sustainability Challenges, 1850-2010. The research project studies the sustainability developments of the Netherlands from a long term perspective. The book Well-Being, Sustainability and Social Development, The Netherlands, 1850-2050 published by Springer (2018) is the synthesis publication of this project.
Dr. ir. Frank Veraart (1970) is an assistant professor history of technology at the School of Innovation Sciences. He graduated in Technology and Society in 1995, and obtained a PhD in history of Technology in 2008 at the Eindhoven University of Technology. He studies the historical development of sustainability trade-offs in transnational resource chains. International trade influences well-being and sustainability (social, economic and ecologic) at places of excavation, production and consumption. Frank studies the origins and historical development of the resources chains and its local's impacts on sustainability and well-being. Furthermore Frank has expertise in history of mobility, spatial planning and computing. He was co- editor of Cycling Cities: The European Experience (Stichting Historie der Techniek, 2016) and contributed to the books Jos Arts et. al. Builders and Planners (Eburon, 2016). Frank has been involved in the research Historical Roots of the Dutch Sustainability Challenges, 1850-2010, He is co-author of the syntheses study Well-Being, Sustainability and Social Development, The Netherlands 1850-2050 (Springer 2018).
Prof. dr. Jan-Pieter Smits is part-time professor Qualification of Sustainability at Eindhoven University of Technology, a chair financed by Statistics Netherlands. He obtained his PhD degree in 1995 at the VU Amsterdam. He worked at Utrecht University and the University of Groningen, where he published in the field of historical national accounting, long term economic growth, and the effects of economic growth on well-being. He coordinated historical research in the Groningen Growth and Development Centre, and was a program coordinator in the N.W. Posthumus Institute, the post-graduate school of economic and social history. In 2007 Smits was appointed senior statistical researcher at Statistics Netherlands, where he became project leader of the Sustainability Monitor of the Netherlands and its successor the Monitor of Well-being. With Rutger Hoekstra he led the UNECE - Eurostat - OECD Taskforce for Measuring Sustainable Development. Smits has also represented Statistics Netherlands in the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Measuring the Sustainable Development Goals.
Prof. Dr. John Grin is full professor of Policy Science, especially System Innovation at the University of Amsterdam. He graduated in physics (BSc, 1983; MSc, 1986), obtained his PhD (1990) at the VU University in Amsterdam on technology assessment and did post-doctoral research on these issues at Princeton University (1990-91) and VU University (1991-1992). He then joined the University of Amsterdam's Department of Public Policy Studies (later part of the Department of Political Science). Grin was co-founder and co-director (with Jan Rotmans & Johan Schot) of the Dutch Knowledge Network on System Innovations and transitions (2005-2010) and scientific director of the then Amsterdam School of Social science Research (2006-2010). Currently, he is co-director of the Programme Transnational Configurations, Conflicts and Governance at the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research. Theoretically, his research interests include policy analysis, policy design and the governance of transitions. Empirically, his work focuses on sustainable agriculture and food, health and care and increasingly also urban transformation. He has extensive experience in evaluating and monitoring projects and programmes for innovative policy design and governance in these areas.
1. Introduction.- 2. Appreciations.- 3. The Dutch Case.- 4. Method and Theory.- 5. The Big Picture .- 6. Residual Issues.- 7. Suggestions for future research.
This open access book examines over two centuries of societal development using a novel historical and statistical analysis. It features The Netherlands as a case study. This serves as an especially interesting example because the country has gone from being one of the richest to one currently experiencing high levels of extreme poverty. This unique analysis of well-being and sustainability will appeal to historians, statisticians, and policy makers.
The well-being monitor used in this title was developed by Statistics Netherland. It is an alternative to analyses with the focus on economic growth and on the indicator system of national accounts (including GDP). The monitor depicts three dimensions of well-being: the quality of life 'here and now', 'later' and 'elsewhere'.
The study reveals the importance of natural capital: soil, air, water, and subsoil resources. It shows that the way a society deals with natural capital shapes, in large part, its social structure in the 'here and now' and 'elsewhere.' It also has a great impact on the quality of life 'later.'
In addition, readers will learn the key role institutional context plays in well-being. The book ends with indicating the solutions and the barriers raised by this historical anchoring of the problems.