Practical Environmental Bioremediation

The Field Guide
 
 
CRC Press Inc
  • 2. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 29. Dezember 1997
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Hardcover
  • |
  • XXIII, 184 Seiten
978-1-56670-208-9 (ISBN)
 
Bioremediation, or enhanced microbiological treatment, of environments contaminated with a variety of organic and inorganic compounds is one of the most effective innovative technologies to come around this century! Practical Environmental Bioremediation: The Field Guide presents updated material, case histories and many instructive illustrations to reflect the evolving image of this fast-emerging industry.
Bioremediation technology has witnessed great strides towards simplifying treatability formats, finding new approaches to field application, more potent nutrient formulations, monitoring protocols and the resulting general improvement in results. This new guide condenses all current available knowledge and presents necessary technical aspects and concepts in language that can be readily comprehended by the technical student, experienced scientist or engineer, the aspiring newcomer, or anyone else interested in this exciting natural cleanup technique.
2., ed.
  • Englisch
  • Bosa Roca
  • |
  • USA
Taylor & Francis Inc
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Neue Ausgabe
  • 6 s/w Tabellen
  • |
  • 12 equations; 6 Tables, black and white
  • Höhe: 235 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 156 mm
  • 460 gr
978-1-56670-208-9 (9781566702089)
1566702089 (1566702089)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Introduction: A Historical Perspective
Regulatory History
Early Successes
Discovery of Hydrocarbon-degrading Microbes Oils Spills
Discovery of Metal-Detoxifying Microbes
Three Bioremediation Treatment Approaches:

Biostimulation
Bioaugmentation
Intrinsic Treatment
Recent Advances in Bioremediation Technology
The Chapters Ahead
Microbial Nutrition and Environmental Requirements
Microbial Ubiquity
Microbial Nutrition
Moisture
Energy for Metabolism
The Role of Oxygen
Environmental Requirements
Microbial Growth
Acclimation
Logarithmic Growth
Stationary Phase
Death Phase
Bacterial Pathogens
Microbial Survival
Microbial Destruction of Environmental Pollutants
Biomineralization vs. Biotransformation
Biodegradation Processes for Organic Compounds
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Fermentation
Biooxidation in Wastewater Treatment
Bioattachment
Biosorption
Biosolubilization
Microbial Detoxification
of Metals
Halobacteria
Mixed Populations
Cometabolism
Chlorinated Hydrocarbons
Radiation Effects
Acquired Radiation Resistance
Radioactive Mixed Waste Treatment
Constructed Wetlands
The Bioremediation Laboratory
Bioassessment Screening Studies
Microbiological Assay
Biotreatability Studies
Microcosms
Respirometry
Bioreactors
Choosing a Laboratory
Applied Bioremediation: An Overview
The Bioremediation Approach
Intrinsic Bioremediation
Selection Guide for Appropriate Biotechnology
Soils and Sludges
Liquids and Aqueous Solutions
Project Organization
Site Characterization
Initial Bioassessment Testing
Detailed Studies, Pilot Testing, and Process Design
Procurement, Installation and Startup
Process Monitoring and Operation
Final Sampling and Closure
Reporting and Management
Anaerobic Treatment: Sans Oxygen
Process Definition
Anaerobic Degradation
Pros and Cons of Anaerobic Treatment
Types of Anaerobic Systems
Digestors
Anaerobic Activated Sludge
Fixed-Film Units
Anaerobic Rotating Biological Contractors (ARBCs)
Fluidized Bed Reactors
Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB)
Ex Situ Soil Treatment (Soil Cells)
In Situ Anaerobic Remediation
Design Considerations
Applications for Anaerobic Treatment
Surface Bioremediation of Soils and Sludges: Land Treatment
Regulations
Feasibility Testing
Design and Construction
Nutrient Application
Operations and Monitoring
Closure
Variations
Biopile
Biovault
Biopit
Project Exercise
How Much Soil?
How Big an Area?
Materials
Watering System
How Long Might It Take?
Does the Buyer Need the Space?
What Will the Conceptual Design Cost?
Work Plan and Permits
Excavation and Backfill
Treatment Cell Construction
Equipment
Operating Costs
Closure
Bioreactors: The Technology of Total Control
Introduction
Process Definition
Bioreactor Configurations
Activated Sludge
Sequencing Batch Reactors (SBRs)
Rotating Biological Contactors (RBCs)
Trickling Filters
Soil Slurry Reactors
Vapor Phase Bioreactors (Biofilters)
Fixed-Film, Plug Flow
Design Considerations
Pilot Testing
Installation and Startup
Case History
Conclusion
In Situ Aquifer Bioremediation
Hydrogeologic Variables
Light vs. Dense NAPL
Standard Pump-and-Treat Option
In Situ Option Destroys Contaminants
Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid
Hydrogeology
Microbiology
Engineering
Installation and Startup
Operations and Monitoring
Closure
Lagoon Bioremediation
Treatment Options
Feasibility Testing
Design Considerations
Oxygen Injection
Sludge Suspension
Sludge Shearing
Nutrient Supply
Operation and Monitoring
Closure
Vadose Zone Bioremediation
Bioventing
Delineation
Respironetry
Design Considerations
Process Monitoring
Biosparging
Future Trends in Development: The Road Ahead
How We Got Here
Specific Biostimulations
Cometabolism
Advanced Acclimations and Bacterial Enzymes
Microbial Chelants and Surfactants
Genetic Engineering
Sequencing Treatments
Vadose Zone Treatment
The Road Ahead
Metals Bioremediation
Inorganics
Ferment
"The authors make a point to correct some of the misuses of terminology commonly encountered in this field... a resource appropriate for professionals, graduate, and upper-division undergraduate students, and faculty." -Choice The strengths of this new bioremediation guide are the clear and concise manner in which the authors convey the fundamentals and practical aspects of many forms of bioremediation...The book is very well organized, and presents complex concepts in plain language while providing excellent discussions that detail the major bioremediation processes and considerations. The authors have succeeded in producing an informative guide offering many facts and concepts in a format that is enjoyable to read... The book will benefit practitioners and novices alike in the decision-making of where and how to implement bioremediation in the field."-Jean M. Neubeck, Consulting Hydrologist, Alpha Geoscience ..."This book on bioremediation provides a great deal of fundamental concepts and technical information necessary to understand and implement a bioremediation strategy at contaminated sites. The authors clearly and directly communicate the basics of bioremediation in plain language that will benefit laymen and practitioners of environmental science... the reading in both easy and informative."-Northeastern Geology and Environmental Sciences "This very multi-disciplinary title is recommended for academic libraries and other special collections that cover the subject areas of environmental engineering, waste recovery, and environmental cleanup monitoring. However, it is more suitable as an overview of, or guide to, the subject rather than a ready reference source."-E-Streams, Vol.2, No. 2, February 1999

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