An Alternative Path to Modernity: The Sephardi Diaspora in Western Europe

The Sephardi Diaspora in Western Europe
 
 
Brill (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 15. Oktober 2000
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Hardcover
  • |
  • 309 Seiten
978-90-04-11742-6 (ISBN)
 
The essays in this book depict the social and intellectual ferment of the former "Marranos" from Spain and Portugal who returned to the fold of Judaism in Western Europe during the seventeenth century and established new Jewish communities in Amsterdam, Hamburg and London.
  • Englisch
  • Leiden
  • |
  • Niederlande
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • mit Schutzumschlag
  • Höhe: 239 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 179 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 27 mm
  • 735 gr
978-90-04-11742-6 (9789004117426)
9004117423 (9004117423)
Yosef Kaplan is the Bernard Cherrick Professor of Jewish History at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He has published extensively on the history of the Marranos and the Western Sephardi diaspora, including From Christianity to Judaism (Oxford, 1989), The Western Sephardi Diaspora (Tel Aviv, 1994), and Les Nouveux juifs d'Amsterdam (Paris, 1998).
The essays in this volume deal with the social and intellectual history of the Western Spanish and Portuguese Jews who established new communities in Northwestern Europe during the seventeenth century. The founders of these communities were mainly former 'Marranos', descendants of those Jews who had converted to Christianity in the closing years of the Middle Ages. After being separated from the Jewish world for many generations, they returned to Judaism and became an integral part of the Sephardi nation. Amsterdam became the metropolis of this new Jewish diaspora, which was characterised by both its involvement in colonial trade and its intellectual ferment. The reencounter of these Jews with Judaism was a complex affair, and for many of these former New Christians rabbinic Judaism aroused harsh criticism. In order to set the boundaries of their new identity, the leadership of the Sephardi communities of Amsterdam, Hamburg and London adopted a variety of strategies designed to rein in these wayward spirits. This process of socialisation into the Jewish world created a new type of Judaism, and those whose Jewish life was framed by this new amalgam can be considered the precursors of modernity in European Jewish society.

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