This timely study examines responses to mass refugee movements by a range of actors, from local communities to supranational organizations. Bringing together ten case studies from around the world, encompassing the global North and South alike, Refugee Crises 1945-2000 explores a broad spectrum of types of migration and of international and domestic contexts. Whilst the driving forces and numbers of people involved, and the backgrounds (national, religious, social) of the migrants, vary considerably, this book highlights a common factor: that each receiving country was confronted with the crucial question of how to deal with the arrival of a large number of people seeking refuge. They could not simply be sent away, but they were also widely seen in the receiving countries as an unpredictable challenge to stability and social cohesion. Taking a long-term perspective, this is an eloquent contribution to the intense public debate about the impact of refugee migration on state stability, societal cohesion and as an impetus for social change.
Jan C. Jansen is a Research Fellow at the German Historical Institute, Washington. An historian of Europe's entanglements with the world since the late 18th century and of decolonization, he is co-editor of Vertriebene and Pieds-Noirs in Postwar Germany and France (2016), a systematic comparison of two of the largest involuntary population movements to post-1945 Europe. In 2019, he was the recipient of a major grant by the European Research Council for a project on refugee movements during the Atlantic age of revolutions. Simone Lassig is Director of the German Historical Institute, Washington and Professor of Modern History at the University of Braunschweig. Her first book, a study of the campaign for electoral reform in Saxony, won the 1996 Horst Springer Prize. In 2004, the German Historical Association awarded her its biennial prize for the best second book (Habilitationsschrift, 2003) for her study of the embourgeoisement of German Jewry. Her research currently focuses on modern Jewish history, the history of knowledge, migration history, and digital history.
List of contributors; Acknowledgements; 1. Responses to refugee crises in international comparison Jan C. Jansen and Simone Lässig; Part I. The postwar and decolonization moment: 2. Expellee integration in post-1945 Europe: west Germany, east Germany, and Finland Pertti Ahonen; 3. Integrating without a host society: the repopulation of Poland's western territories after 1945 Gregor Thum; 4. Pakistan: refugee state Ian Talbot; 5. Transgenerational displacement among palestinians and palestinian refugees from Syria in Jordan Kelly Luisa Gandolfo; 6. A matter of definition: flight from empire and aftermath in Europe Andrea Smith; Part II. Refugee movements during the cold war and beyond: 7. The 1956/57 Hungarian refugee crisis and the role of the Canadian press in opening the doors to asylum seekers Christopher Adam; 8. Responding to and resettling the Vietnamese boat people: perspectives from west Germany and the United States Quan T. Tran; 9. State and civil society responses to salvadoran refugees in the United States, 1980-1990 Patrick Scallen; 10. The plight of the first post-cold war refugees: the reception and settlement of bosnians in Austria and the United States Barbara Franz; 11. Rwandan refugees in Tanzania, 1994-1996 Jill Rosenthal; Part III. Afterword: 12. Recalibrating refugees: global and historical perspectives Leo Lucassen; Index.