From the first encounters between the Portuguese and indigenous peoples in 1500 to the current political turmoil, the history of Brazil is much more complex and dynamic than the usual representations of it as the home of Carnival, soccer, the Amazon, and samba would suggest. This extensively revised and expanded second edition of the bestselling Brazil Reader dives deep into the past and present of a country marked by its geographical vastness and cultural, ethnic, and environmental diversity. Containing over one hundred selections-many of which appear in English for the first time and which range from sermons by Jesuit missionaries and poetry to political speeches and biographical portraits of famous public figures, intellectuals, and artists-this collection presents the lived experience of Brazilians from all social and economic classes, racial backgrounds, genders, and political perspectives over the past half-millennia. Whether outlining the legacy of slavery, the roles of women in Brazilian public life, or the importance of political and social movements, The Brazil Reader provides an unparalleled look at Brazil's history, culture, and politics.
James N. Green is Carlos Manuel de Cespedes Professor of Latin American History and Director of the Brazil Initiative at Brown University.
Victoria Langland is Associate Professor of History and Romance Languages and Literatures at the University of Michigan.
Lilia Moritz Schwarcz is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Sao Paulo, Visiting Professor at Princeton University, and Curator at the Art Museum of Sao Paulo (MASP).
I. Conquest and Colonial Rule, 1500-1579 1
II. Sugar and Slavery in the Atlantic World, 1580-1694 49
III. Gold and the New Colonial Order, 1695-1807 91
IV. The Portuguese Royal Family in Rio de Janeiro, 1801-1821 131
V. From Independence to the Abolition of the Slave Trade, 1822-1850 163
VI. Coffee, the Empire, and Abolition, 1851-1888 205
VII. Republican Brazil and the Onset of Modernization, 1889-1929 261
VIII. Getulio Vargas, the Estado Novo, and World War II, 1930-1945 321
IX. Democratic Governance and Developmentalism, 1946-1964 363
X. The Generals in Power and the Fight for Democracy, 1964-1985 427
XI. Redemocratization and the New Global Economy, 1895-Present 497
Suggestions for Further Reading 547
Brazil in the Movies 557
Acknowledgments of Copyrights and Sources 567
Dewey Decimal Classfication (DDC)