This volume provides an accessible scientific introduction to the historical geography of Tropical Pacific Islands, assessing the environmental and cultural changes they have undergone and how they are affected currently by these shifts and alterations. The book emphasizes the roles of plants, animals, people, and the environment in shaping the tropical Pacific through a cross-disciplinary approach involving history, geography, biology, environmental science, and anthropology. With these diverse scientific perspectives, the eight chapters of the book provide a comprehensive overview of Tropical Pacific Islands from their initial colonization by native peoples to their occupation by colonial powers, and the contemporary changes that have affected the natural history and social fabric of these islands. The Tropical Pacific Islands are introduced by a description of their geological formation, development, and geography. From there, the book details the origins of the island's original peoples and the dawn of the political economy of these islands, including the domestication and trade of plants, animals, and other natural resources. Next, readers will learn about the impact of missionaries on Pacific Islands, and the affects of Wold War II and nuclear testing on natural resources and the health of its people. The final chapter discusses the islands in the context of natural resource extraction, population increases, and global climate change. Working together these factors are shown to affect rainfall and limited water resources, as well as the ability to sustain traditional crops, and the capacity of the islands to accomodate its residents.
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Walter M. Goldberg (Ph.D. Biological Oceanography, School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami) is an Emeritus Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Florida International University in Miami where he held a faculty position in teaching and research for 39 years. He was one of the original ten members in a Department that now numbers more than 50 faculty. Dr. Goldberg's research encompasses coral reef biology in topics ranging from octocoral and black coral ecology and distribution, to the histology and cytochemistry of skeleton formation, published in leading journals in the field of marine science. He is also the author of a textbook, The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms (University of Chicago Press, 2013). As the current Chair of the Undergraduate Honors Program in Biological Sciences, he teaches scientific writing to high-achieving seniors in multiple disciplines as they produce a thesis based on original research.
1. An Introduction to Tropical Pacific Islands.- 2.Populating the Pacific.- 3. Island Exploration During the Age of Discovery.- 4. Atolls, Islands and the Political Economy of Fertilizer.- 5. The Great Pacific Exchange.- 6.The Impact of Missionaries: Their Role in Shaping Island History and Culture.- 7. Sorting and Reshuffling the Pacific Islands in War and in the Nuclear Age.- 8. Islands in the Age of Global Warming.
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