This volume offers a new understanding of the role of the media in the Portuguese Empire, shedding light on the interactions between communications, policy, economics, society, culture, and national identities. Based on an interdisciplinary approach, this book comprises studies in journalism, communication, history, literature, sociology, and anthropology, focusing on such diverse subjects as the expansion of the printing press, the development of newspapers and radio, state propaganda in the metropolitan Portugal and the colonies, censorship, and the uses of media by opposition groups. It encourages an understanding of the articulations and tensions between the different groups that participated, willingly or not, in the establishment, maintenance and overthrow of the Portuguese Empire in Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé e Príncipe, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, India, and East Timor.
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José Luís Garcia is Senior Research Fellow at the Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal. He recently edited Pierre Musso and the Network Society: From Saint-Simonianism to the Internet (2016).
Chandrika Kaul is Senior Lecturer in Modern History, University of St Andrews, UK. Her most recent publication is titled Communications, Media and the Imperial Experience: Britain and India in the Twentieth Century (Palgrave, 2014).
Filipa Subtil is Assistant Professor at the Escola Superior de Comunicação Social, Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa, Portugal.
Alexandra Dias Santos is Assistant Professor at IADE, Universidade Europeia, Portugal.
Introduction; José Luís Garcia, Chandrika Kaul, Filipa Subtil and Alexandra Santos.- 1. Narratives of Media and Empire in Comparative Perspective; Chandrika Kaul.- 2. An Overview of Colonial Media in the Context of the Portuguese Empire; Antonio Hohlfeldt, Universidade Pontíficia de Porto Alegre, Brazil.- 3. The Languages of the Goan Periodical Press, 1820-1933; Sandra Lobo, Portuguese Centre for Global History, Portugal.- 4. The Ultimatum in the Press: Newspapers, Politics and the Radical Colonial Nationalism in Portugal, 1878-1898; Paulo Jorge Fernandes, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Portugal.- 5. Republicanism and Nationalism in Angola in the Late Nineteenth Century; Cristina Portella Ribeiro, University of Lisbon, Portugal.- 6. The First Stirrings of Anti-Colonial Discourse in the Portuguese Press; José Luís Garcia.- 7. The Press and the Empire in Portuguese Africa, 1842-1926; Isadora Ataíde Fonseca, independent scholar.- 8. Imperial Taboos: Salazarist Censorship in the Portuguese Colonies; Daniel Melo, Portuguese Centre for Global History, Portugal.- 9. Colonization through Broadcasting: Rádio Clube de Moçambique and the Promotion of Portuguese Colonial Policy, 1932-1964; Nélson Ribeiro, Catholic University of Portugal.- 10. The Mise-en-Scène of the Empire: The 1940 Portuguese World Exhibition; Joana Ramalho, Universidade Europeia, Portugal.- 11. The Luso-Tropicalist Message of the Late Portuguese Empire; Cláudia Castelo, University of Lisbon, Portugal.- 12. 4 February 1961: The Inaugural Act of the Colonial War in Angola as Narrated by the Portuguese, British and French Press; Tânia Alves, University of Lisbon, Portugal.- 13. Photography and Propaganda in the Fall of Portuguese Empire: Volkmar Wentzel's Assignments; Afonso Ramos, independent scholar.- 14. Eusébio: Rising Symbol for a Falling Empire; José Ricardo Carvalheiro, University of Beira Interior, Portugal.- 15. Amilcar Cabral and the Media: Struggle through Words, Images and Sounds; Teresa Duarte Martinho, University of Lisbon, Portugal.- 16. Literature against the Empire: Narratives of the Nation in the Textbook História de Angola and in the Novel Yaka; Alexandra Dias Santos and Filipa Subtil.- 17. East Timor and Portugal: The Ending of Empire in the Media; Rita Ribeiro and João Costa, University of Minho, Portugal.
This volume offers a new and innovative understanding of the role of the media in the Portuguese Empire during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It sheds light on the interactions between communications, government policy, economics, society and culture. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, the book focuses on varied themes including the expansion of printing, the development of newspapers and radio, state propaganda in metropolitan Portugal and within her colonies, censorship, the use of media by opposition and nationalist groups, and comparative developments within Britain and her empire. The book aims to encourage an understanding of the articulations and tensions between the different groups that participated, willingly or not, in the establishment, maintenance and overthrow of the Portuguese Empire in Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé e Príncipe, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, India, and East Timor.
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