Sediment Compaction and Applications in Petroleum Geoscience

 
 
Springer (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 10. Mai 2020
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Softcover
  • |
  • XXIII, 99 Seiten
978-3-030-13444-0 (ISBN)
 
This book discusses how sediments compact with depth and applications of the compaction trends. Porosity reduction in sediment conveniently indicates the degree of sediments compacted after deposition. Published empirical curves- the compaction curves- are depth-wise porosity variation through which change in pore spaces from sediment surface to deeper depths e.g. up to 6 km can be delineated. Porosity is derived from well logs. Compaction curves, referred to as the Normal Porosity Profile of shales, sandstones and shale bearing sandstones of different models are reviewed along with the different mechanical and chemical compaction processes. These compaction models reveals how porosity reduces depth-wise and the probable reason for anomalous zones. Deviation from these normal compaction trends may indicate abnormal pressure scenarios: either over- or under pressure. We highlight global examples of abnormal pressure scenarios along with the different primary- and secondary mechanisms. Well logs and cores being the direct measurements of porosity, well log is the only cost-effective way to determine porosity of subsurface rocks. Certain well logs can detect overpressure and the preference of one log above the other helps reduce the uncertainty. Apart from delineation of under-compacted zones by comparing the modeled- with the actual compaction, porosity data can also estimate erosion.
1st ed. 2020
  • Englisch
  • Cham
  • |
  • Schweiz
Springer International Publishing
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 30 farbige Tabellen
  • |
  • 30 Tables, color; XXIII, 99 p.
  • Höhe: 25.4 cm
  • |
  • Breite: 17.8 cm
978-3-030-13444-0 (9783030134440)
10.1007/978-3-030-13442-6
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Chapter 1: Porosity development in siliclastic rocksChapter 2: Porosity development in Carbonate rocks
Chapter 3: Compaction Trend definition and classification
Chapter 4: Well logs, Seismic and Geological data in porosity and compaction trend analyses
4.1. Porosity estimation through core and petrographic data.4.2. Porosity characterization using Density, Neutron, Sonic and CMR logs4.3. Effect of compaction trend on seismic reflectivity and AVOChapter 5: Deviation of normal compaction trend in relation to pore pressure
Chapter 6: Global examples of overpressure scenarios
Chapter 7: Exhumation history analysis from sonic compaction trend
Chapter 8: Impact of compaction trend in different tectonic- and geological setting
Chapter 9: Application of Porosity and compaction trend in Petroleum geoscience
9.1. Porosity prediction for exploration prospects9.2. Prediction of over-pressured zones9.3. Geomechanical analysis for drilling fluid, bit and casing designChapter 10: Summary

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