A Logical Introduction to Proof

 
 
Springer (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 15. Oktober 2014
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Softcover
  • |
  • 372 Seiten
978-1-4899-9099-0 (ISBN)
 
The book is intended for students who want to learn how to prove theorems and be better prepared for the rigors required in more advance mathematics. One of the key components in this textbook is the development of a methodology to lay bare the structure underpinning the construction of a proof, much as diagramming a sentence lays bare its grammatical structure. Diagramming a proof is a way of presenting the relationships between the various parts of a proof. A proof diagram provides a tool for showing students how to write correct mathematical proofs.
Paperback
2013
  • Englisch
  • NY
  • |
  • USA
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • |
  • Lower undergraduate
  • 5 s/w Tabellen
  • |
  • 5 Tables, black and white; XVI, 356 p.
  • Höhe: 238 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 159 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 25 mm
  • 568 gr
978-1-4899-9099-0 (9781489990990)
10.1007/978-1-4614-3631-7
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt

Preface.- The Greek Alphabet.- 1. Propositional Logic.- 2. Predicate Logic.- 3. Proof Strategies and Diagrams.- 4. Mathematical Induction.- 5. Set Theory.- 6. Functions.- 7. Relations.- 8. Core Concepts in Abstract Algebra.- 9. Core Concepts in Real Analysis.- A Summary of Strategies.- References.- List of Symbols. Index.

From the reviews:

"Cunningham (Buffalo State, SUNY) focuses on the strategies for different proof techniques. ... The well-written text is consistent in its focus, which should help students. The book includes sufficient, appropriate exercises. ... contains ample notes to guide students through most of the exercises. Whether used for a course or as a reference for students learning proof techniques, this book is certainly worthy of consideration. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Lower-division undergraduates through graduate students." (J. R. Burke, Choice, Vol. 51 (1), September, 2013)
A Logical Introduction to Proof is a unique textbook that uses a logic-first approach to train and guide undergraduates through a transition or "bridge" course between calculus and advanced mathematics courses. The author's approach prepares the student for the rigors required in future mathematics courses and is appropriate for majors in mathematics, computer science, engineering, as well as other applied mathematical sciences. It may also be beneficial as a supplement for students at the graduate level who need guidance or reference for writing proofs. Core topics covered are logic, sets, relations, functions, and induction, where logic is the instrument for analyzing the structure of mathematical assertions and is a tool for composing mathematical proofs. Exercises are given at the end of each section within a chapter.

Chapter 1 focuses on propositional logic while Chapter 2 is devoted to the logic of quantifiers. Chapter 3 methodically presents the key strategies that are used in mathematical proofs; each presented as a proof diagram. Every proof strategy is carefully illustrated by a variety of mathematical theorems concerning the natural, rational, and real numbers. Chapter 4 focuses on mathematical induction and concludes with a proof of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic. Chapters 5 through 7 introduce students to the essential concepts that appear in all branches of mathematics. Chapter 8 introduces the basic structures of abstract algebra: groups, rings, quotient groups, and quotient rings. Finally, Chapter 9 presents proof strategies that explicitly show students how to deal with the fundamental definitions that they will encounter in real analysis, followed by numerous examples of proofs that use these strategies. The appendix provides a useful summary of strategies for dealing with proofs.

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