Elmar Csaplovics/Anke Hahn/Christopher Marrs/Stephan Schöps (Editors)
Transnational Ecological Networks in Central Europe
A Compilation of Results and Outputs from the EU Central Europe TransEcoNet Project
Volume 13 of the series "Remote Sensing and Applied Geoinformatics"
Published by Univ. Prof. Dr. habil. Elmar Csaplovics, Lehrstuhl Remote Sensing, FR Geowissenschaften, TU Dresden
264 pages, format DIN B5 (176 x 250 mm), weight 0.55 kg, cover: paperback, numerous illustrations, many of them colored. Language: English. Price: 39,80 Euro. ISBN 9783941216860. Publishing house: Rhombos Verlag, Berlin 2018
About this book
In Central Europe protected areas, such as national parks or biosphere reserves, are often isolated patches of nature conservation. They are surrounded by less protected and/or unprotected areas. Frequently these surrounding areas are intensively used for agriculture, transport infrastructure, industrial sites and human settlements. For animal and plant species the intensive use of landscapes can create barriers which can reduce genetic exchange, posing a threat to biodiversity. To provide animals and plants with possibilities for migration, dispersal and forage and to conserve biodiversity in the long run, valuable natural landscapes need to be spatially connected by ecological networks.
Central Europe's rural border regions are particularly characterised by an interesting mosaic of protected and non-protected areas, though the non-protected areas can still be ecologically valuable nonetheless. Nowadays with the political and economic integration of Europe these former remote landscapes are affected by rapid changes and borderlands are facing the challenge of finding a balance between economic development on the one hand, and protection of their valuable natural and cultural heritage on the other.
The idea of the project TransEcoNet (Transnational Ecological Networks in Central Europe) has been to analyse border areas in Central Europe regarding the spatial coherence of ecological networks, the status of biodiversity and ecosystem services and land use development past and present. In addition to spatio-ecological analyses socio-cultural topics such as awareness of ecological networks and general regional ecological values have also been considered. In this publication the scope of project work and the most relevant results are presented.
The individual chapters cover an inventory of ecological networks in Central Europe, an analysis of the history of these ecological networks, the assessment of their biodiversity and ecosystem services in selected regions as well as strategies for raising awareness for ecology as such and for ecological networks in particular. The articles within the chapters have varying spatial foci and also cover regional and local elements.
The results of the project presented in this publication are trans-disciplinary and connect the work of experts coming from remote sensing, nature conservation and environmental education, landscape ecology and conservation biology, regional and spatial planning, as well as cultural history and architecture.
The TransEcoNet project was implemented by the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme cofinanced by
the European Regional Development Fund.
1 The Importance of Transnational Ecological Networks in Central Europe 11
2 Inventory of Transnational Ecological Networks in Central Europe 21
Detecting Gaps in the Ecological Network - Transnational Assessment and Regional Studies in Saxony (Germany) and Moravia (Czech Republic) 22
Ecological Networks as an Organisational Framework? Transnational Initiatives in Central European Border Areas 39
Safeguarding Transboundary Ecological Networks in Central Europe - Spatial Characterisation and Possible Sustainable Management of a Hot Spot Gap in the Czech-German Border Area 50
Ecological Networks in the Austrian-Hungarian-Slovakian Border Area 61
Biophysical Regionalisation and Comparative Landscape Structure
Analysis of the European Green Belt 70
3 Tracing back the History of Ecological Networks 85
A Miscellany of Roman Topography of Western Pannonia in Support of
the Assessment of the History of Central European Landscapes 86
Visualisation of Landscape Change in the TransEcoNet Investigation Area Kozjanski Park (Slovenia) 111
Impact of Historical Land Use Changes on Ecological Networks in the
Saxon Switzerland Region (Germany) using GUIDOS Software 117
4 Landscape Functionality and Landscape Services of Ecological Networks 125
Investigation Areas used for the Assessment of Landscape Functionality and Landscape Services in Transboundary Ecological Networks 126
The Concept of Ecosystem and Landscape Services - Methods and Approaches 132
Structural Functionality and Protection values of Green Infrastructure in the Neusiedler See & Fertö Area 143
Ecological Stability and Landscape Functionality Assessment in Moravia 156 Airborne Laser Scanning for Biodiversity Assessment of Ecological Networks 164
Services Landscapes provide to Society - Regional Case Studies in the TransEcoNet Project Regions North, Central North and CentralSouth 180
5 Communication of and Awareness for Naturally Valuable Border Landscapes 193
Recording Perceptions of Landscape Change in Central European Transboundary Areas in the 20th Century - the Oral History Approach 194
Interactive Tools to Raise Awareness for Landscape Change in Environmental Education in the Transboundary National Park Region Saxon-Bohemian Switzerland 209
Cultural Landscapes and Ecological Networks - Investigating the Cultural Heritage of the Pomurje Region 216
Interactions of Landscape and Architecture - Field Reports from Central European Border Regions 225
Transitional Landscapes: Dynamics of Nature and Cultural Identities in the Goricko Border Region of Pomurje, North-Eastern Slovenia 237
6 Conclusion 257
7 Acknowledgements 259