This highly authoritative volume highlights the remarkable superfamily of molecular motors called myosins, which are involved in such diverse cellular functions as muscle contraction, intracellular transport, cell migration and cell division. In a timely compilation of chapters written by leading research groups that have made key discoveries in the field, the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms and biological functions of these intriguing proteins is explored.
Lynne Coluccio, PhD, began her career at Boston University as a Principal Scientist at the Boston Biomedical Research Institute (BBRI) in 1996. After the institute was closed in 2013, she became a Research Associate in the Department of Physiology & Biophysics at the Boston University School of Medicine and has remained since then. While at the BBRI, she played a variety of roles on the committee including as a chair of the Faculty Search Committee and as a member of the Public Relations Committee. Throughout her she career she has mentored dozens of students who have gone into academia, medicine, teaching, and music.
Myosins are molecular motors that use the energy from ATP hydrolysis to move and exert tension on actin filaments. Although the best-known myosin is myosin II, which powers skeletal muscle contraction, there are at least two dozen classes of myosins, and cells generally express multiple isoforms. Myosins are involved in multiple cellular activities including cell structure, cell migration, intracellular trafficking, and cell-cell contact.Importantly, loss of function and mutation are associated with diseases including myopathies, hearing impairment, glomerulosclerosis, and cancer. Written by international experts in myosin motors and the approaches used to study them, this book is expected to provide a comprehensive assessment of the current status of our understanding of the structure and molecular mechanism of myosins and their cellular roles.