Think Generic!: The Meaning and Use of Generic Sentences

The Meaning and Use of Generic Sentences
 
 
Centre for the Study of Language & Information (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 1. Juni 1999
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Hardcover
  • |
  • 222 Seiten
978-1-57586-207-1 (ISBN)
 
Our knowledge about the world is often expressed by generic sentences, yet their meanings are far from clear. This book provides answers to central problems concerning generics: what do they mean? Which factors affect their interpretation? How can one reason with generics? Cohen proposes that the meanings of generics are probability judgments, and shows how this view accounts for many of their puzzling properties, including lawlikeness. Generics are evaluated with respect to alternatives. Cohen argues that alternatives are induced by the kind as well as by the predicated property, and thus provides a uniform account of the varied interpretations of generics. He studies the formal properties of alternatives and provides a compositional account of their derivation by focus and presupposition. Cohen uses his semantics of generics to provide a formal characterization of adequate default reasoning, and proves some desirable results of this formalism.
New.
  • Englisch
  • New York
  • |
  • USA
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Höhe: 236 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 151 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 18 mm
  • 426 gr
978-1-57586-207-1 (9781575862071)
1575862077 (1575862077)
1. Introduction and overview; 2. Two views of generics; 3. Alternative-based generics; 4. Generics as probability judgments; 5. Determining the alternatives; 6. Generics and frequency adverbs; 7. Reasoning with generics; 8. Conclusion; References.

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