Captives

How Stolen People Changed the World
 
 
University of Nebraska Press
  • erschienen am 1. Oktober 2016
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Hardcover
  • |
  • 234 Seiten
978-0-8032-9399-1 (ISBN)
 
In Captives: How Stolen People Changed the World archaeologist Catherine M. Cameron provides an eye-opening comparative study of the profound impact that captives of warfare and raiding have had on small- scale societies through time. Cameron provides a new point of orientation for archaeologists, anthropologists, historians, and other scholars by illuminating the impact that captive-taking and enslavement have had on cultural change, with important implications for understanding the past.


Focusing primarily on indigenous societies in the Americas while extending the comparative reach to include Europe, Africa, and Island Southeast Asia, Cameron draws on ethnographic, ethnohistoric, historic, and archaeological data to examine the roles that captives played in small-scale societies. In such societies, captives represented an almost universal social category consisting predominantly of women and children and constituting 10 to 50 percent of the population in a given society. Cameron demonstrates how captives brought with them new technologies, design styles, foodways, religious practices, and more, all of which changed the captor culture.


This book provides a framework that will enable archaeologists to understand the scale and nature of cultural transmission by captives and it will also interest anthropologists, historians, and other scholars who study captive-taking and slavery. Cameron's exploration of the peculiar amnesia that surrounds memories of captive-taking and enslavement around the world also establishes a connection with unmistakable contemporary relevance.
  • Englisch
  • Lincoln
  • |
  • USA
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
  • Gewebe-Einband
10 illustrations, index
  • Höhe: 164 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 274 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 26 mm
  • 532 gr
978-0-8032-9399-1 (9780803293991)
0803293992 (0803293992)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Catherine M. Cameron is a professor of anthropology at the University of Colorado, Boulder. She is the author of Chaco and After in the Northern San Juan: Excavations at the Bluff Great House and Invisible Citizens: Captives and Their Consequences.
Dedication

List of Figures

Acknowledgments

1. The Captive in Space, Time, and Mind






Warfare, Kidnapping, and Captives





Geographic Scope and Scale of Captive-Taking





Captives, Slaves, Captors, and the Landscape of Captive-Taking





Methods





The Captive's World





Slavery Past and Present




2. Captive-Taking and Captive Lives: the Sources






North American Regions







The Northeast





The Southeast





The Southwest





The Northwest Coast







Other Global Regions







South America





Africa





Europe





Island Southeast Asia







Conclusions




3. The Captive as Social Person






Social Identity in Captor Society







Who Were the Captors?





Captivity and Kinship





Captor Worldview and the Social Construction of Captives







The Captive







Age





Gender/Sexuality





Captive's Skills, Characteristics, and Agency





The Circumstances of Captive-Taking and Captive Social Position







A Captive's Story: Helena Valero, Napagnuma of the Yanoama





Conclusions




4. Captives and the Creation of Power






The Acquisition of Power in Small-Scale Societies







Social Stratification in Small-Scale Societies





Captives and Social Power





Captives as Economic Power







Captive-Taking and Power in Three Small-Scale Societies







The Northwest Coast





The Conibo of the Ucayali Basin





Maritime Chiefdoms of Coastal Philippines and Adjacent Parts of Southeast Asia







Conclusions




5. Captives, Social Boundaries, and Ethnogenesis






The Nature of Ethnic Boundaries





Captives, Multi-Ethnic Societies, and Ethnogenesis





Captives as Social Opposites





Captive Assimilation and Captive Agency





Captives as Social Nodes in Multi-Ethnic Societies





Captives and the Process of Social Creation







Maroon Communities





The Navajo





Africa





The Southeast





Kahnawake-Community of Refugees







Conclusions




6. Captives and Cultural Transmission






Intercultural Interaction and Cultural Transmission





Situated Learning and the Captive





Learning from the "Other"





What Captives Contributed







Technology and Craft Production





Foodways





Religious Innovations and Curing Practices







Conclusions




7. Captives in Prehistory






Captives as Invisible Agents of Culture Change





Finding Captives in the Archaeological Record





From the Past to the Future





Conclusions



























































































































References
"Captives challenges archaeologists to broaden their scope of inquiry to recognize the temporal depth, geographical breadth, and nearly universal presence of captives in small-scale societies of the past. Catherine Cameron's comparative approach to captives lays the groundwork, methodologically and theoretically, for understanding the lives of captives, their social locations, and their significance as agents of change in societies of all scales throughout human prehistory and, indeed, into the present."-Brenda J. Bowser, associate professor of anthropology at California State University-Fullerton, coeditor of Cultural Transmission and Material Culture: Breaking Down Boundaries -- Brenda J. Bowser "This moving book helps us understand: What was it like to be a slave? A slave-owner? How does slavery affect society? It demonstrates that archaeology-the social science of the past-can ask big questions about the human experience."-Michelle Hegmon, professor in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University and editor of The Archaeology of the Human Experience -- Michelle Hegmon "In this ambitious and learned work, award-winning archaeologist Catherine Cameron explores how violence against the few may transform the cultures of the many."-James Brooks, author of Captives and Cousins: Slavery, Kinship, and Community in the Southwest Borderlands -- James Brooks "This is a well-written text. . . . Equally accessible to advanced undergraduate students and researchers, with a wide range of studies and well-structured approach to captives as social beings that are organized in a coherent manner throughout. It should be the starting point for anyone seeking to understand the various facets of captive-taking and the lives of captives in small-scale societies."-Liza Gijanto, Historical Archaeology -- Liza Gijanto * Historical Archaeology * "[Captives] is useful for scholars in many fields interested in the topic, for classroom use, and the public. It is a significant contribution to the topic of captives and slaves, which remains urgent as we struggle with our own national legacy of slavery, as well human trafficking across the world and down the street."-Kenneth M. Ames, Oregon Historical Quarterly -- Kenneth M. Ames * Oregon Historical Quarterly * "Captives is foremost an invitation to begin to see the past in a new way-to make visible individuals who have long been made invisible in archaeological interpretations but have nonetheless been there all along."-Lydia Wilson Marshall, KIVA: Journal of Southwestern Anthropology and History -- Lydia Wilson Marshall * KIVA: Journal of Southwestern Anthropology and History * "Cameron accomplishes exactly what she set out to do: opening up a new space for investigation and laying out an agenda for further research. . . . She makes it clear that Captives is intended not to be the final word but, rather, the opening salvo. Archaeologists, anthropologists, historians, and ethnohistorians should heed her call."-Matthew Kruer, Ethnohistory -- Matthew Kruer * Ethnohistory *

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