How Stolen People Changed the World
University of Nebraska Press
erschienen am 1. Oktober 2016
Buch | Hardcover | 234 Seiten
978-0-8032-9399-1 (ISBN)
In Captives: How Stolen People Changed the World archaeologist Catherine M. Cameron provides an eye-opening comparative study of the profound impact that captives of warfare and raiding have had on small- scale societies through time. Cameron provides a new point of orientation for archaeologists, anthropologists, historians, and other scholars by illuminating the impact that captive-taking and enslavement have had on cultural change, with important implications for understanding the past.

Focusing primarily on indigenous societies in the Americas while extending the comparative reach to include Europe, Africa, and Island Southeast Asia, Cameron draws on ethnographic, ethnohistoric, historic, and archaeological data to examine the roles that captives played in small-scale societies. In such societies, captives represented an almost universal social category consisting predominantly of women and children and constituting 10 to 50 percent of the population in a given society. Cameron demonstrates how captives brought with them new technologies, design styles, foodways, religious practices, and more, all of which changed the captor culture.

This book provides a framework that will enable archaeologists to understand the scale and nature of cultural transmission by captives and it will also interest anthropologists, historians, and other scholars who study captive-taking and slavery. Cameron's exploration of the peculiar amnesia that surrounds memories of captive-taking and enslavement around the world also establishes a connection with unmistakable contemporary relevance.
Borderlands and Transcultural Studies
Lincoln | USA
Für höhere Schule und Studium
10 illustrations, index
Höhe: 164 mm | Breite: 274 mm | Dicke: 26 mm
532 gr
978-0-8032-9399-1 (9780803293991)
0803293992 (0803293992)
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Catherine M. Cameron is a professor of anthropology at the University of Colorado, Boulder. She is the author of Chaco and After in the Northern San Juan: Excavations at the Bluff Great House and Invisible Citizens: Captives and Their Consequences.

List of Figures


1. The Captive in Space, Time, and Mind

Warfare, Kidnapping, and Captives

Geographic Scope and Scale of Captive-Taking

Captives, Slaves, Captors, and the Landscape of Captive-Taking


The Captive's World

Slavery Past and Present

2. Captive-Taking and Captive Lives: the Sources

North American Regions

The Northeast

The Southeast

The Southwest

The Northwest Coast

Other Global Regions

South America



Island Southeast Asia


3. The Captive as Social Person

Social Identity in Captor Society

Who Were the Captors?

Captivity and Kinship

Captor Worldview and the Social Construction of Captives

The Captive



Captive's Skills, Characteristics, and Agency

The Circumstances of Captive-Taking and Captive Social Position

A Captive's Story: Helena Valero, Napagnuma of the Yanoama


4. Captives and the Creation of Power

The Acquisition of Power in Small-Scale Societies

Social Stratification in Small-Scale Societies

Captives and Social Power

Captives as Economic Power

Captive-Taking and Power in Three Small-Scale Societies

The Northwest Coast

The Conibo of the Ucayali Basin

Maritime Chiefdoms of Coastal Philippines and Adjacent Parts of Southeast Asia


5. Captives, Social Boundaries, and Ethnogenesis

The Nature of Ethnic Boundaries

Captives, Multi-Ethnic Societies, and Ethnogenesis

Captives as Social Opposites

Captive Assimilation and Captive Agency

Captives as Social Nodes in Multi-Ethnic Societies

Captives and the Process of Social Creation

Maroon Communities

The Navajo


The Southeast

Kahnawake-Community of Refugees


6. Captives and Cultural Transmission

Intercultural Interaction and Cultural Transmission

Situated Learning and the Captive

Learning from the "Other"

What Captives Contributed

Technology and Craft Production


Religious Innovations and Curing Practices


7. Captives in Prehistory

Captives as Invisible Agents of Culture Change

Finding Captives in the Archaeological Record

From the Past to the Future


"Captives challenges archaeologists to broaden their scope of inquiry to recognize the temporal depth, geographical breadth, and nearly universal presence of captives in small-scale societies of the past. Catherine Cameron's comparative approach to captives lays the groundwork, methodologically and theoretically, for understanding the lives of captives, their social locations, and their significance as agents of change in societies of all scales throughout human prehistory and, indeed, into the present."-Brenda J. Bowser, associate professor of anthropology at California State University-Fullerton, coeditor of Cultural Transmission and Material Culture: Breaking Down Boundaries -- Brenda J. Bowser "This moving book helps us understand: What was it like to be a slave? A slave-owner? How does slavery affect society? It demonstrates that archaeology-the social science of the past-can ask big questions about the human experience."-Michelle Hegmon, professor in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University and editor of The Archaeology of the Human Experience -- Michelle Hegmon "In this ambitious and learned work, award-winning archaeologist Catherine Cameron explores how violence against the few may transform the cultures of the many."-James Brooks, author of Captives and Cousins: Slavery, Kinship, and Community in the Southwest Borderlands -- James Brooks "Captives is foremost an invitation to begin to see the past in a new way-to make visible individuals who have long been made invisible in archaeological interpretations but have nonetheless been there all along."-Lydia Wilson Marshall, KIVA: Journal of Southwestern Anthropology and History -- Lydia Wilson Marshall * KIVA: Journal of Southwestern Anthropology and History * "Cameron accomplishes exactly what she set out to do: opening up a new space for investigation and laying out an agenda for further research. . . . She makes it clear that Captives is intended not to be the final word but, rather, the opening salvo. Archaeologists, anthropologists, historians, and ethnohistorians should heed her call."-Matthew Kruer, Ethnohistory -- Matthew Kruer * Ethnohistory *

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