The Historiography of the First Russian Antarctic Expedition, 1819-21

 
 
Palgrave Macmillan (Verlag)
  • erscheint ca. am 14. Dezember 2020
 
  • Buch
  • |
  • Hardcover
  • |
  • XXI, 322 Seiten
978-3-030-59545-6 (ISBN)
 
This book looks at the different ways in which Russian historians and authors have thought about their country's first Antarctic expedition (1819-21) over the past 200 years. It considers the effects their discussions have had on Russia's Antarctic policy and may yet have on Antarctica itself. In particular, it examines the Soviet decision in 1949, in line with the cultural policies of late Stalinism, to revise the traditional view of the expedition in order to claim that it was Russian seamen that first sighted the Antarctic mainland in January 1820; this claim remains the official position in Russia today. The author illustrates, however, that the case for such a claim has never been established, and that attempts to make it damaged the work of successive Russian historians. Providing a timely assessment of Russian historiography of the Bellingshausen expedition and examining the connections between the priority claim and national policy goals, this book represents an important contribution to the history of the Antarctic.
1st ed. 2020
  • Englisch
  • Cham
  • |
  • Schweiz
Springer International Publishing
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 7
  • |
  • 7 farbige Abbildungen
  • |
  • 7 Illustrations, color; XXI, 322 p. 7 illus. in color.
  • Höhe: 21 cm
  • |
  • Breite: 14.8 cm
978-3-030-59545-6 (9783030595456)
10.1007/978-3-030-59546-3
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Rip Bulkeley lives in Oxford, UK, and has published numerous articles on polar history, and on the Bellingshausen expedition in particular, in Polar Record and other journals. His book Bellingshausen and the Russian Antarctic Expedition (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014) was awarded the Anderson Medal by the Society of Nautical Research.
1. Introduction.- 2. The Cultural Context.- 3. The First Assessment.- 4. Shifting Grounds.- 5. Lazarev's Letter.- 6. Transformation.- 7. Attempted Consolidation.- 8. The Latter Soviet period.- 9. Modern Russia.- 10. Conclusions.
This book looks at the different ways in which Russian historians and authors have thought about their country's first Antarctic expedition (1819-21) over the past 200 years. It considers the effects their discussions have had on Russia's Antarctic policy and may yet have on Antarctica itself. In particular, it examines the Soviet decision in 1949, in line with the cultural policies of late Stalinism, to revise the traditional view of the expedition in order to claim that it was Russian seamen that first sighted the Antarctic mainland in January 1820; this claim remains the official position in Russia today. The author illustrates, however, that the case for such a claim has never been established, and that attempts to make it damaged the work of successive Russian historians. Providing a timely assessment of Russian historiography of the Bellingshausen expedition and examining the connections between the priority claim and national policy goals, this book represents an important contribution to the history of the Antarctic.

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