The past is more relevant to the present than we often believe. There are historical roots to seemingly new concerns, frequently raised as social problems, which connect the beginning and the end of the twentieth century.
For example, ethnic enclaves, which provided employment networks for women, existed in domestic work long before their recent rediscovery among ethnic men. Female-headed households and single mothers have also been around for a long time, but in 1900 they had to support themselves in the absence of large state or federal welfare programs.
By creatively re-analyzing census data, the author explores women's place in the U.S. political economy at the beginning of the twentieth century, viewed from the national level, but highlighting the variations in women's experiences according to racial ethnic background, class, and geography. Since this past is often used as a baseline for judging changes during the subsequent one hundred years, it is important to understand it on its own terms.
Since this was also a period of economic transformation and high immigration, it is a key time to observe women's changing work options. Among them are the large volume of women's uncounted work in the informal economy; the individual, household, and geographic characteristics that predicted their formal employment; and the occupational segregation experienced by women of differing racial ethnic backgrounds.
Christine E. Bose, Professor of Sociology and Women's Studies, University at Albany, SUNY, is author or editor of five other books, including "Women in the Latin American Development Process" (Temple). She is the current editor of "Gender & Society."
Preface and Acknowledgments 1. Introduction: Understanding the Past to Interpret the Present 2. Home-Based Work and the Informal Economy: The Case of the "Unemployed" Housewife 3. Race, Ethnicity, Class, and Gender: Determining Women's Employment 4. Occupational Concentration: The Links Between Occupational Sex and Race Segregation 5. Ethnic Enclaves and Ethnic Queues: Women and Domestic Work 6. Female-Headed Households and the "Hidden" Headship of Single Mothers: Strategies for an Era Without Government Support 7. Regional Segregation: Geography as a Context for Work 8. Epilogue Appendix: Supplementary Tables Notes References Index
"...mak[ing] an important contribution to our historical understanding of women's pursuits and the ways their employment was shaped by ethnicity and race, class, family composition, regional location, and work opportunities. It will be a useful addition to courses aimed at upper-division undergraduates, in graduate seminars, and for specialists." --Work and Occupations