Handbook of Seed Physiology

Applications to Agriculture
Food Products Press,U.S.
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 2. Juli 2008
  • Buch
  • |
  • Softcover
  • |
  • 479 Seiten
978-1-56022-929-2 (ISBN)
The latest findings in seed physiology?discussed as they relate to agricultural problems!

Presenting the latest findings in the area of seed physiology as well as the practical applications of that knowledge in the field, the Handbook of Seed Physiology: Applications to Agriculture provides a comprehensive view of seed biology and its role in crop performance. Key topics include seed germination, crop emergence, crop establishment, dormancy, preharvest sprouting, plant hormones, abscisic and giberellic acids, weeds, grain quality, oil crops, and malting quality. Abundant case studies provide information of value to researchers, students, and professionals in the fields of seed science, field crop research, crop science, agronomy, and seed technology.

The Handbook of Seed Physiology discusses vital topics which serve as the basis for the development of techniques and processes to improve seed performance and crop yield. In this text, you will explore: - the effect of the soil physical environment on seed germination
- the roles of physiology, genetics, and environment in the inception, maintenance, and termination of dormancy
- the relationship between the termination of dormancy and the synthesis and signaling of gibberellins and abscisic acid
- mechanisms of orthodox seed deterioration and approaches for repair of seed damage
- characteristics, behavior, and mechanisms of desiccation tolerance in recalcitrant seeds
- the role of seed moisture in free radical assaults on seeds and the protective function of raffinose oligosaccharides
- the production of free radicals and their effect on lipids and lipid peroxidation
- components of grain quality in oil crops and factors influencing them
- structural components and genotypic and environmental factors affecting barley malting quality In addition to the latest scientific information in the area of seed physiology, this text provides insights into practical applications of that knowledge through the description of:
- screening protocols for germination tolerance to temperature and water stress
- methods for improving seed performance in the field
- techniques for controlling preharvest sprouting of cereals
- breeding and production strategies for improving grain quality
- population-based threshold models in the prediction of germination and emergence patterns
- modeling changes in dormancy to predict weed emergence Extensive reference sections accompanying each chapter include both foundation texts and current research. Principles and concepts discussed in the text are elaborated upon through equations, figures, and tables covering such topics as water and soil thermal regimes; seed water potential; temperature and water effects on germination; free radical attack; and molecular structures. Exploring concepts, techniques, and processes related to seed germination and crop establishment, this comprehensive, one-of-a-kind reference is an indispensable tool for seed scientists and agricultural professionals. Add it to your library today and put seed physiology research to work in establishing high-quality ?next crops?!
  • Englisch
  • Abingdon
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Höhe: 229 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 152 mm
  • 748 gr
978-1-56022-929-2 (9781560229292)
1560229292 (1560229292)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
- About the Editor

- Contributors

- Preface


- Chapter 1. Seedbed Preparation?The Soil Physical Environment of Germinating Seeds (Amos Hadas)

- Introduction

- Environmental Requirements of Germinating Seed

- Soil Environment?Physical Aspects

- Seedbed Preparation, Characterization of Seedbed Attributes, and Seedbed Environment Conditions and Seed Germination

- Water Uptake by Seeds and Seedlings

- Seed-Soil Water Relationships

- Modeling Seed Germination and Seedbed Physical Attributes

- Concluding Remarks

- Chapter 2. The Use of Population-Based Threshold Models to Describe and Predict the Effects of Seedbed Environment on Germination and Seedling Emergence of Crops (William E. Finch-Savage)

- Introduction

- Imbibition

- Germination

- Other Germination Models

- Postgermination Seedling Growth

- Threshold Models: Prediction of Germination and Emergence Patterns in the Field

- Summary and Conclusions

- Appendix

- Chapter 3. Seed and Agronomic Factors Associated with Germination Under Temperature and Water Stress (Mark A. Bennett)

- Introduction

- Seed Coats

- Seed Size

- Seed Water Uptake

- Radicle Emergence and Root System Development

- Genetic Links to Germination Temperature Limits

- Seed Production and Seed Vigor

- Sowing Depths and Planter Technology

- Tillage Systems and Soil Structure Effects

- Interactions with Seed Treatments and Other Crop Protection Chemicals

- Screening Protocols for Germination Tolerance to Low Temperature and Water Stress

- Concluding Remarks

- Chapter 4. Methods to Improve Seed Performance in the Field (Peter Halmer)

- Introduction

- Changing Seed Form and Lot Composition

- Physiological Enhancement

- Physiological Responses to Enhancement

- Ecological Aspects of Seed Hydration

- Conclusions and Future Directions


- Chapter 5. Inception, Maintenance, and Termination of Dormancy in Grain Crops: Physiology, Genetics, and Environmental Control (Roberto L. Benech-Arnold)

- Introduction

- Physiology of Dormancy in the Cereal Grain

- Physiology of Dormancy in the Sunflower Seed

- The Expression of Dormancy in Grain Crops

- Removing Dormancy at an Industrial Scale

- Genetics and Molecular Biology of Dormancy in Grain Crops

- Environmental Control of Dormancy in Grain Crops

- Concluding Remarks

- Chapter 6. Preharvest Sprouting of Cereals (Gary M. Paulsen and Andrew S. Auld)

- Introduction

- The Preharvest Sprouting Process

- Physiological Control of Preharvest Sprouting

- Quality of Products from Sprouted Cereals

- Measurement of Preharvest Sprouting

- Controlling Sprouting by Breeding

- Controlling Sprouting in the Field

- Chapter 7. The Exit from Dormancy and the Induction of Germination: Physiological and Molecular Aspects (Rodolfo A. Sánchez and R. Alejandra Mella)

- Introduction

- The Effects of Light Photoreceptors

- Embryo Growth Potential

- Endosperm Weakening

- Termination of Dormancy: Its Relationship with the Synthesis and Signaling of Gibberellins and ABA

- Concluding Remarks

- Chapter 8. Modeling Changes in Dormancy in Weed Soil Seed Banks: Implications for the Prediction of Weed Emergence (Diego Batlla, Betina Claudia Kruk, and Roberto L. Benech-Arnold)

- Introduction

- Dormancy: Definitions and Classification

- How Is Dorman

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