This volume collects selected papers from the twenty-third New Ways of Analyzing Variation conference held at Stanford University. It is a collection of innovative papers on the newest developments in research on variation. The range of topics covered in this collection include phonological variation, morphosyntactic variation, register and style, discourse, codeswitching, and language change. A foreword by John Rickford ties the collection together.
Part I. Phonological Variation: 1. Freedom of movement: /-uw/-fronting in the Midwest; 2. The (ING) variable: patterns of variation in a fraternity; 3. Competing norms and selective assimilation: mixing outer banks and southern /oh/; 4. On the social basis of phonetic resistance: the shifting; Part II. Morphosyntactic Variation: 5. Null and expressed pronoun variation in Mexican-descent children; 6. Linguistic preference and prescriptive dictum: on the phonological and morphological justification of ain't; 7. Sorting out morphosyntactic variation in French; 8. Copula variability in the Belize continuum and the; 9. Accounting for variable word-final deletion within optimality theory; 10. Variation in negative inversion in AAVE: an optimality theoretic approach; 11. The problem of syntactic variation; Part III. Register and Style: 12. Compliments, compliment responses and politeness in an African-American community; 13. Discourse genre, type of situation and topic of conversation in relation to phonological variables in Puerto Rican Spanish; 14. Contact with media and linguistic; 15. Sociolinguistic factors in sign language research; 16. Intonation and register variation: the case of the English negative; Part IV. Discourse: 17. Engaging the reader: the changing use of connectives in newspaper discourse; 18. Social effects and interactional dynamics: their relative importance for a discourse procedure; 19. OK - a dynamic event in Montreal French; 20. Laughter as interaction strategy: discursive and phonetic strategies; 21. Whose story is this?: Point of view variation and group; 22. Variation in Narrative Structure; 23. A study on the use of reported speech in spoken language; Part V. Codeswitching: 24. Code switching in a bidialectal school; 25. A competence model of codeswitching; 26. Intrasentential codeswitching in diglossic settings and its; 27. Organizational principles behind codeswitching and interlanguage development in early adult second language acquisition; Part VI. Language change: 28. The linguistic consequences of catastrophic effects; 29. Social stratification, linguistic constraints and inherent .; 30. The spread of urban AAVE: a case study; 31. Constraints on the loss of case marking in English; 32. A trend study of a trendy change; 33. Substratal effects on the evolution of modals in East LA English.
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