Students and social workers preparing for the social work clinical licensure exam will find an invaluable study resource in both the Social Work ASWB (R) Advanced Generalist Exam Guide and the Social Work ASWB (R) Advanced Generalist Practice Test.Written by a prominent social work leader and trainer for social work licensing exams in the United States, these materials are based on years of time-tested exam prep workshops conducted by the author.The guide is comprehensive yet focuses on the material most likely to be included on the exam, so readers can prioritize information as they study. A self-assessment section helps identify strengths and weaknesses before tackling the material. The author shares her extensive knowledge of the exam by providing useful test-taking strategies and tips for overcoming test anxiety. Content includes human development, human behavior in the environment, diversity, addictions, assessment and diagnosis, treatment planning, clinical interventions, case management, and professional values and ethics.The 170 questions contained in the full-length practice test with answers and rationales mirror the exam in length, structure, and content. These are unique questions, distinct from those in the author's companion study guide, that serve as a valuable diagnostic tool to improve exam success. With in-depth rationales and specific strategies for correctly answering each question, this resource helps social workers identify gaps in knowledge and errors in problem solving. Knowledge domains are grouped together so test-takers can identify the specific content area and competency being tested-a valuable asset for increasing understanding. In addition, the Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities statements (KSAs) are identified for each question, so test-takers can easily locate relevant source materials for further study. Tips for reading the questions, avoiding common pitfalls, and other valuable test-taking strategies, including an assessment of learning styles, add to this book's value as a highly useful resource and diagnostic tool.ASWB is a registered service mark of the Association of Social Work Boards, which neither sponsors nor endorses this product.
Dawn Apgar, PhD, LSW, ACSW, has helped thousands of social workers across the country pass the examinations associated with all levels of licensure. In recent years, she has consulted in numerous states to assist with establishing licensure test preparation programs, including training the instructors.Dr. Apgar has done research on licensure funded by the American Foundation for Research and Consumer Education in Social Work Regulation and is currently on her state's social work licensing board. She is a past president of the New Jersey Chapter of NASW and has been on its National Board of Directors. In 2014, the Chapter presented her with a Lifetime Achievement Award. Dr. Apgar has taught in both undergraduate and graduate social work programs and has extensive direct practice, policy, and management experience in the field.
Preface Acknowledgments Introduction About the Examination 10 Things That You Should Know About the ASWB Examinations Test-Taking Strategies 10 Essential Strategies for Study Success 20 Tips You Need to Use to Answer Questions Correctly Assessing Examination Difficulties Dealing With Test Anxiety Examination Content Visual Learners Auditory Learners Kinesthetic or Hands-On Learners Self-Assessment Unit I: Human Development, Diversity, and Behavior in the Environment (18%) 1. Models of Human Growth and Development Through the Life Span Theories of Human Growth and Development Through the Life Span The Psychosocial Model Ego Psychology Feminist Theory Psychodynamic Theory Personality Theory Biological Behavioral Psychodynamic Humanist Trait Family Systems Theory Psychoanalytic Theory Systems Theory Addiction Theories Conflict Theory The Indicators of Normal Physical Growth and Development Through the Life Span Child Behavior and Development Adolescent Behavior and Development Young Adult Behavior and Development Middle Adult Behavior and Development Older Adult Behavior and Development The Impact of Physical, Mental, and Cognitive Impairment Disabilities on Human Development Through the Life Span The Normal Life Crises Emotional Development Normal Sexual Development Gerontology The Concept of Attachment and Bonding Basic Human Needs The Adult Learning Process Human Genetics 2. Models of Functioning of Various Systems The Effects of Family Dynamics on Individuals Family Life Cycle Abnormal and Normal Functioning in Traditional and Nontraditional Families Models of Organizational Development Models of Group Development Models of Community Development Models of Couples Development 3. Effects of the Environment on Systems' Behavior Normal and Abnormal Behavior Systems Conflict Rational Choice Social Constructionist Psychodynamic Developmental Social Behavioral Humanistic Perspective The Socialization Process The Interplay of Biological, Psychological, and Social Factors Social Development The Impact of Environment on Individuals The Indicators of Psychosocial Stress The Impact of Economic Status The Effects of Social Role on Self-Image The Impact of Poverty on Individuals, Families, Organizations, and Communities The Effects of Social Role on Relationships The Effects of Addictive Behavior on Relationships The Effects of Defense Mechanisms on Relationships The Dynamics of Work Relationships The Dynamics of Domestic and Other Violence in Relationships Theories of Crisis Intervention 4. Diversity, Discrimination, and Stereotypes The Influence of Culture, Race, Religion/Spirituality, and/or Ethnicity on Behaviors and Attitudes White American American Indian/Alaska Native Asian African American Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Hispanic/Latino The Influence of Sexual Orientation, Gender, and/or Gender Identification on Behaviors and Attitudes The Influence of Age and/or Disability on Behaviors and Attitudes The Effects of Discrimination Based on Culture, Race, Religion/Spirituality, and/or Ethnicity The Effects of Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation, Gender, and/or Gender Identification The Effects of Discrimination Based on Age and/or Disability The Relationship Between Self-Image and Cultural Heritage The Different and Similar Characteristics of Cultural, Racial, Religious, and/or Ethnic Groups The Different and Similar Characteristics Related to Sexual Orientation, Gender, and/or Gender Identification The Different and Similar Characteristics of Age Groups and Types of Disability Stereotypes The Impact of Diversity in Styles of Communicating Unit II: Micro Assessment and Planning (22%) 5. Use of Assessment Instruments and Methods Psychological and Educational Tests and Measurement Beck Depression Inventory The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Rorschach Inkblot Test Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale Thematic Apperception Test Wechsler Intelligence Scale The Use of Assessment/Diagnosis Instruments in Practice The Components and Function of the Mental Status Examination The Process Used in Problem Formulation The Methods of Involving the Client and/or Systems in Identifying the Problem The Principles and Techniques of Interviewing The Methods Used to Assess the Client's Communication Skills The Methods Used to Assess Motivation and Resistance The Methods Used to Assess Needed Level of Care 6. Use of Social History The Components of a Biopsychosocial History The Types of Information Available from Employment, Medical Psychological, and School Records The Methods Used to Collect and Evaluate Collateral Information The Methods Used to Obtain Information Relevant to a Given Situation The Components of a Sexual History The Components of a Marital History The Components of a Family History Basic Medical Terminology The Exploration of Spiritual/Religious Beliefs and Practices 7. The Impact of Life Stressors on Systems The Effects of Life Stressors on Families The Effects of Stressors on Behavior The Impact of Physical and Mental Illness on Family Dynamics The Dynamics of Loss, Separation, and Grief The Impact of Aging Parents on Adult Children The Factors of Child Development The Psychological Responses to Illness and Disability The Effects of Addiction on Individuals, Families, Organizations, and Communications The Impact of Economic Changes on Individuals, Families, Organizations, and Communities The Effects of Physical, Sexual, and Psychological Abuse on Individuals, Families, Organizations, and Communities The Impact of Life Cycle Changes on Systems The Effects of Life Crises on Individuals The Effects of Life Crises on the Family The Impact on Clients of Out-of-Home Displacement (e.g., Hospitalization, Jail, Foster Care, Natural Disaster) The Impact of Defense Mechanisms on Behavior 8. Intervention Planning Criteria Used in Selecting Intervention/Treatment Modalities The Components and Methods Used to Develop an Intervention/Treatment or Service Plan The Effects of the Client's Developmental Level on the Creation of an Intervention/Treatment Plan Permanency Planning Methods Used to Develop Measurable Objectives to Assess Client Change The Client's Role in the Intervention Process The Methods Used to Develop Behavioral Objectives The Methods Used to Formulate a Time Frame for Interventions The Methods Used to Identify Learning Needs for Clients 9. Assessment of Strengths and Challenges The Methods Used to Assess Clients' Strengths and Challenges The Factors Used in Determining the Client's Ability to Use Intervention/Treatment The Methods Used in Assessing Ego Strengths The Indicators of Motivation and Resistance 10. Identification of Common Indicators of Risks and Disorders The Effects of Body Image on Self-Image The Indicators of Somatization The Indicators of Malingering Use of the Current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association Psychopathology The Symptoms of Mental and Emotional Illness The Symptoms of Neurologic and Organic Processes Some Common Neurologic Symptoms The Symptoms of Substance Abuse and Other Addictions Signs of Drug Use Indicators of Sexual Dysfunction The Dynamics and Indicators of Neglect and Physical, Psychological, and Sexual Abuse The Characteristics of Perpetrators of Abuse and Neglect The Indicators of Client Danger to Self and Others The Methods Used to Assess the Client's Communication Skills The Use of Observation to Assess Client Interactions The Ways in Which the Client's Behavior With a Social Worker Is Representative of His/Her Relationship Patterns Common Psychotropic and Nonpsychotropic Prescriptions and Over-the-Counter Medications and Their Side Effects Antipsychotics Antimanic Agents (Mood Stabilizers) Antidepressants Antianxiety Drugs Stimulants Nonpsychotropic Prescriptions Unit III: Micro Practice and Social Work Relationships (18%) 11. Application of Theories, Methods, and Processes to Micro Systems The Problem-Solving Model The Crisis Intervention/Treatment Approach Task-Centered Practice Behavioral Approaches The Selection of Theoretical Approaches to Meet Client Need Psychotherapies Short-Term Interventions/Treatment Client Advocacy The Methods Used in Working With the Unmotivated or Involuntary Client Case Management The Use of Permanency Planning as an Intervention/Treatment Method The Phases of Intervention/Treatment The Indicators of Client Readiness for Termination The Methods of Conflict Resolution Small Group Theories Other Intervention/Treatment Strategies 12. Micro Intervention Techniques The Use of Partializing, Supporting, Focusing, Clarifying, Confronting, Interpreting, and Reflecting The Techniques Used to Motivate Clients The Techniques Used to Develop Contracts With Clients The Techniques Used to Clarify the Responsibilities of the Client The Use of Goal Setting Change Strategies The Techniques Used to Teach Skills to Clients The Differential Use of Intervention/Treatment Techniques Client Self-Monitoring Techniques The Use of Timing in Intervention/Treatment The Technique of Role-Play Role-Modeling Techniques The Techniques Used for Follow-up Stress Management Techniques Limit Setting The Process Used to Refer Clients for Services The Approaches to Family Therapy Strategic Family Therapy Structural Family Therapy Bowenian Family Therapy Use of Clients' Strengths Couples/Intervention/Treatment Approaches Group Dynamics The Approaches to Social Group Work The Approaches to Group Psychotherapy The Differential Use of Group Process The Techniques for Developing and Maintaining Group Cohesion The Process of Co-therapy The Concept of Congruence in Communication The Methods Used in Summarizing Communication Verbal and Nonverbal Communication Techniques Techniques That Elicit the Underlying Meaning of Communication The Methods Used to Obtain and Provide Feedback 13. Dynamics of the Social Worker-Client Relationship The Process of Engagement in Social Work Practice The Social Worker's Role in the Change Process The Concept of Empathy The Concept of a Helping Relationship The Use of Acceptance The Methods Used to Clarify the Role of the Social Worker The Principles of Relationship Building Professional Objectivity in the Social Worker-Client Relationship The Concept of Transference and Countertransference The Components of the Social Worker-Client Relationship The Use of the Social Worker-Client Relationship as an Intervention/Treatment Tool The Effects of the Client's Developmental Level on the Social Worker-Client Relationship The Influence of the Social Worker's Own Values on the Social Worker-Client Relationship The Dynamics of Power and Transparency in the Helping Relationship The Dynamics of Diversity in the Helping Relationship The Dynamics of Domestic Violence and Other Violence in the Helping Relationship 14. Application of Evidence-Based Practices The Techniques Used to Evaluate a Client's Progress Techniques Used to Measure the Effectiveness of the Social Work Intervention Utilization of Research Results in Practice Applying Evidence-Based Practices to Current Programs Unit IV: Macro Practice (18%) 15. Research Methods and Design The Methods of Data Collection The Difference Between Quantitative and Qualitative Data Data Analysis Procedures The Methods Used to Evaluate Research Instruments The Methods Used to Assess Reliability and Validity in Social Work Research Social Work Research Designs Types of Research Single-Subject Research Appropriate Use of Statistical Data Research Ethics (e.g., Institutional Review Boards, Use of Human Subjects, Informed Consent) 16. Program Evaluation and Outcomes The Methods Used to Evaluate Agency Programs Assessment/Diagnosis Instruments Used to Evaluate Social Work Practice The Effects of Program Evaluation Findings on Services Accreditation and Program Reviews Determination of Appropriate Evaluation Tools 17. Record-Keeping and Reporting Written Communication Skills Case Recording and Record-Keeping The Use of Appropriate Documentation and Correspondence in Service Delivery The Management of Agency/Practice Records 18. Program Development and Service Delivery Systems The Types of Service Delivery Programs/Systems Micro Mezzo Macro The Methods Used to Clarify the Benefits and Limitations of Resources The Methods Used to Interpret and Communicate Policies and Procedures The Development of Programs and Services to Meet Community Needs The Methods Used to Establish Service Networks or Community Resources The Effects of Agency Policies, Regulation, and Function on Service Delivery The Methods of Conducting a Needs Assessment Establishing Program Objectives and Outcomes 19. Interdisciplinary Collaboration Elements of a Case Presentation The Range or Expertise of Professions Other Than Social Work The Use of Collaterals to Obtain Relevant Information The Approaches Used in Consultation The Use of Networking The Process for Interdisciplinary Collaboration The Methods Used to Coordinate Services Between Service Providers or Agencies The Multidisciplinary Team Approach The Use of Informal and Formal Power Structures The Use of Advocacy Among Agencies and Disciplines 20. Policy Analysis and Advocacy Interpreting Legislation to Clients The Impact of Social Welfare Legislation on Social Work Practice Social Policy Processes and Analysis Legislative Advocacy The Methods of Advocacy for Policy and/or Procedural Change The Methods of Advocacy for Resources to Meet Client Needs The Methods of Advocacy for Policies and Services Sensitive to Ethnic and Cultural Differences The Methods of Advocacy for Policies to End Discriminatory Practices The Policy Implications of Research Findings 21. Theories and Methods of Social Change Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention Strategies Primary Prevention Secondary Prevention Tertiary Prevention The Concept of Citizen Participation Community Organization and Development Methods Community Resources Community Outreach and Advocacy Social Planning Methods The Impact of Social Institutions on Society Family Religion Government Education Economics The Theories of Social Change 22. Administration and Management The Impact of Agency Policy and Procedures on Social Work Practice Leadership and Management Techniques Time Management Approaches Formal and Informal Organizational Structure The Elements of Caseload Management The Use of Delegation as a Technique The Methods Used to Plan and Assign Work to Staff The Concepts of Authority and Responsibility The Models for Interpreting Agency Policies and Procedures to Staff The Components of a Collegial and Positive Work Environment Fiscal Management Techniques The Budgetary Process Governance Structures The Methods Used for Strategic Planning Employee Recruitment, Training, Retention, Performance Appraisal, Evaluation, and Discipline 23. Supervision and Consultation The Stages of Professional Development The Educational Components, Techniques, and Methods of Supervision The Models of Group Supervision The Models of Peer Supervision and Consultation The Methods Used to Identify Learning Needs and Develop Learning Objectives for Supervisees Transference and Countertransference Within Supervisory Relationships The Social Worker's Responsibility to Seek and Receive Appropriate Supervision Student/Supervisee Characteristics and Suitability for the Profession The Use of Case Recording/Documentation for Practice Evaluation or Supervision 24. Risk Management Systems of Internal Controls that Minimize Risk for Clients, Workers, and the Agency The Methods to Create, Implement, and Evaluate Policies and Procedures that Minimize Risk for Clients, Workers, and the Agency The Social Worker's Responsibilities to Respond to Client and/or Community Concerns The Policy Implications of Risk Management Methods to Manage Critical Incidents, Including Debriefing for Clients and Staff Unit V: Professional Values and Ethics (24%) 25. Values, Boundaries, and Ethics The Effects of Differences in Values Influenced by Culture, Political Beliefs, Race, Ethnicity, Gender, Age, Disability, Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Religion/Spirituality Intrinsic Worth and Value of the Individual Professional Boundary Issues Dual Relationships Identification and Resolution of Ethical Dilemmas Essential Steps in Ethical Problem Solving Ethical and Legal Issues Medical Issues Ethical Issues in Supervision and Management 26. Confidentiality Legal and Ethical Issues Regarding Confidentiality, Including Electronic Information The Use of Client Records Ethical and Legal Issues Regarding Mandatory Reporting of Abuse The Process of Obtaining Informed Consent 27. Self-Determination The Circumstances Under Which Clients Have the Right to Refuse Services Individual, Group, Organization, and Community Self-Determination The Limitations of Self-Determination Clients' Rights and Grievance Procedures 28. Professional Responsibilities for Ethical Practice The Social Worker's Ethical Responsibility as a Professional The Social Worker's Ethical Responsibility to Broader Society The Social Worker's Ethical Responsibilities to the Social Work Profession The Social Worker's Ethical Responsibilities in Practice Settings The Social Worker's Ethical Responsibilities to Colleagues Practice Test 170 Question Practice Test Answers Index
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