Ontology and Dialectics 1960-61

Polity Press
  • erscheint ca. am 9. November 2018
  • Buch
  • |
  • Hardcover
  • |
  • 384 Seiten
978-0-7456-9312-5 (ISBN)
Adorno s lectures on ontology and dialectics from 1960-61 comprise his most sustained and systematic analysis of Heidegger s philosophy. They also represent a continuation of a project that Adorno shared with Walter Benjamin to annihilate Heidegger . Following the publication of Heidegger s magnum opus, Being and Time, and long before his notorious endorsement of Nazism at Freiburg University, both Adorno and Benjamin had already rejected Heidegger s fundamental ontology.

After his return to Germany from his exile in the US, Adorno became Heidegger s intellectual counterpart, engaging more intensively with his work than with that of any other contemporary philosopher. Adorno regarded Heidegger as an extremely limited thinker, and for that reason all the more dangerous. In these lectures, he highlights Heidegger s increasing fixation with the concept of ontology to show that the doctrine of being can only truly be understood through a process of dialectical thinking. Rather than through overt political denunciation, Adorno deftly highlights the connections between Heidegger s philosophy and his political views, and in doing so offers an alternative plea for enlightenment and rationality.

These seminal lectures in which Adorno dissects the thought of the one of the most influential philosophers of the 20th century will appeal to students and scholars in philosophy and critical theory and throughout the humanities and social sciences.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Höhe: 229 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 152 mm
978-0-7456-9312-5 (9780745693125)
0745693121 (0745693121)
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Editor s Foreword
LECTURE 1: What Being Really is
Against the philosophy of standpoints and philosophical world views; the meaning of rigour in philosophy and the positive sciences the plan of these lectures; immanent critique What being really is ; ontology as structural interconnection the doctrine of being contra idealism and methodology the concept of meaning; the being of beings; the meaning of being being and essence categorial intuition versus abstraction
LECTURE 2: On Ontological Difference
The structure of being and being itself; regional ontologies and fundamental ontology on the problem of ontological difference (I) ontic questions and ontological questions questions concerning the meaning of being question of origin as petitio principii circular reasoning (I) critique of origins circular reasoning (II) fusion of mysticism and the claim to rationality historical dimension of the question of being
LECTURE 3: History of the Concept of Being
Circular reasoning (III) the unreflected question of being being in the Pre-Socratics, in Plato and Aristotle experience of being is not prior ; being as product of abstraction being and thought in Parmenides; abstraction and vital powers not distinguished for archaic thought; the most ancient not the truest philosophy and the particular sciences; dialectic of enlightenment; residual character of being two kinds of truth
LECTURE 4: Being and Language (I)
Prehistory of the new ontologies: Franz Brentano; ontology as counter-enlightenment a double front against realism and conceptualism fundamental ontology as hermeneutics; being and language; nominalist critique of language analysis of the concept of being; positivism and language conceptuality as domination of nature; inadequacy of concept and thing; thing in itself and being functional understanding of concepts; double sense of being as concept and anti-concept
LECTURE 5: Being and Language (II)
Ambiguity of the concept of being (I) arbitrariness in concept formation; Kant versus Spinoza - ambiguity of the concept of being (II) ambiguity of the concept of being (III) subjectivity as constitutive for ontology substantial character of language; borrowing from theology on the analysis of language; obligations regarding linguistic form the wavering character of being
LECTURE 6: Separating Being and Beings
Examples from antiquity; on Aristotle s terminology; the priority of the tode ti genesis and validity; Heidegger s being as third possibility; on Heidegger s concept of origin archaic dimension of Heidegger s ontology; against genetic explanation; phenomenology and history phenomenological method; red and redness; the inference to being-in-itself in Scheler and Heidegger Husserl s return to transcendentalism
LECTURE 7: Mind in relation to Beings
Priority as petitio principii critique of the possibility of ontology; on Cartesian dualism phenomenological reduction of the subject; objectivity of the second level; shutting out beings philosophical compulsion for cleanliness allergy towards beings; an aura borrowed from theology; the story of Snow White ontology as counterpart to nominalism and positivism
LECTURE 8: Ontologizing the Ontic (I)
The subject-object division not permanent; fundamental ontology and the loss of tradition; the unintelligibility of Heidegger oblivion of the numinous; material stuff and abstraction in the Pre-Socratics ontology or dialectics; being as the wholly other critique as differentiation; original non-differentiation; Heidegger s anti-intellectualism against postponement Heidegger s trick: ontologizing the ontic
LECTURE 9: Ontologizing the Ontic (II)
Conceptualizing the non-conceptual; philosophy of being and idealism, Heidegger and Hegel ontologizing existence spurious appeal of the new; fascination through ignorance D subreption of the nominalized verb being Dasein as being and a being Be who you are! eidetic science and ontology subjectivity as the site of being
LECTURE 10: Ontological Need
Heidegger and Kant; Kant s ultimate intention Heidegger s thought as the site of being; a diminished concept of subject: absence of labour and spontaneity initial observations on the ontological need a sociological interjection the elevated tone ; Heidegger s language and Adorno s great grandfather; fundamental ontology as index of a lack
LECTURE 11: The Abdication of Philosophy
On the sociology of the ontological need philosophy and society; distracting effect of Marxism; the relevance of morality philosophy and the natural sciences; philosophy and art Kant s abdication before God, freedom, and immortality the resurrection of metaphysics ; impotence of philosophy in the face of the essential Schelling, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche
LECTURE 12: The Relation to Kierkegaard
Science versus philosophy; accepted heresies an anti-academic academy licensed audacity relation to Kierkegaard subjectivity is truth history of the concept of ontology
LECTURE 13: Critique of Subjectivism
The anti-subjectivism of modern ontology the problem of relativism (I); how questions vanish the problem of relativism (II); to the things themselves transcendental subjectivism and egoity the acosmism of post-Kantian idealism; the unreason of the world - the crisis of subjectivity and the development of cosmology critique of the domination of nature; fundamental ontology and dialectical materialism; changes in the concept of reason
LECTURE 14: Hypostasizing the Question
The crucial role of subjectivity in Heidegger s early thought; Heidegger and Lukacs need and truth; question and answer the philosophical structure of the question; hypostasis of the question in Heidegger the question as surrogate answer; the mechanism of subreption the ideology of man
LECTURE 15: Time, Being, Meaning
Man , tradition , life : indices of loss philosophy of existence and philosophy of life labour and the consciousness of time; phenomenology of wisdom ; loss of historical continuity, America antiques business and abstract time; ontologizing the concept of substance time and being as complementary concepts; disenchantment of the world and the creation of meaning raiding poetry
LECTURE 16: Ontology and Society
Heidegger s archaic language; feigned origins; primordial history and petit bourgeois mentality social presuppositions of ontology ontology as philosophical neo-classicism impossibility of ontology today Heidegger s strategy; sympathy with barbarism phenomenological caprice project
LECTURE 17: Mythic Content
Regression to mythology fate and hybris in the concept of being = blindness, anxiety, death; relation to religion National Socialism and the homeland; National Socialism and the relation to history the indeterminacy of myth and the longing for the concrete; the most concrete as the most abstract being as itself
LECTURE 18: The Purity and Immediacy of Being
Tautological determination of being; purity in Husserl; scholasticism and empiricism in Brentano the method of eidetic intuition intuition and the a priori on the concept of ontological difference (II) purity and immediacy irreconcilable; conceptuality as the Fall idle talk and the forgetfulness of being; the experience of being, the language of nature and music
LECTURE 19: The Indeterminacy of Being
Pro domo indeterminacy as determination the overcoming of nihilism; being as ens realissimum - the question of constitution versus the priority of being; synthesis and the synthesized; the physiognomic gaze the particular transparent to its universal being the meaning of being (I)
LECTURE 20: Meaning of Being and the Copula
The meaning of being (II) ontology as prescription protest against reification; the problem of relativism (III) structure of the lectures the copula (I)
LECTURE 21: The Copula and the Question of Being
The copula (II) the copula (III) no transcendence of being the childish question; language and truth the question of being (I); authenticity and the decline of civilisation the question of being (II);
LECTURE 22: Being and Existence
Heidegger s turn; the concept of ontological difference (III) the mythology of being; archaism function of the concept of existence Dasein is ontological in itself existence as authoritarian historicity against the ontology of the non-ontological history as the medium of philosophy critique
LECTURE 23: The Concept of Negative Dialectic
Peep hole metaphysics and negative dialectics - Left Hegelianism and the ban on images priority of the object reversing the subjective reduction interpreting the transcendental transcendental illusion ; against hierarchy
Editor s Notes
'Ontology and Dialectics is a work of the highest importance. These lectures allow us not only to gain a clearer understanding of Adorno's critique of Heidegger, but also to understand more fully the project of a German-Jewish thinker who, having returned to Germany after World War II, wonders if philosophy "after Auschwitz" is still possible. The course shows Adorno developing and assembling many of the major concepts that would inform the mature phase of his thinking, right up to his untimely death in August 1969.'
Gerhard Richter, Brown University

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