What makes a language learner an expert? What do skilled learners and second language users do as they listen, speak, read and write? This book provides an overview of how questions like these are being answered by applied linguists. It considers also similar questions about the expertise of language teaching professionals, task designers and teacher trainers as well as teachers. Throughout, the book draws heavily on the literature dealing with expertise in general, applying ideas and insights from that literature to the language learning and teaching fields. Questions about how expertise can be taught are also considered. The book will be of interest to all those involved in language teaching and language teacher education who believe that knowing what constitutes expertise in these areas is essential if we are successfully to train experts.
KEITH JOHNSON is Professor of Linguistics and Language Education, Lancaster University, UK. He has published widely on English language teaching and learning. His recent books include Designing Language Teaching Tasks (2003), An Introduction to Foreign Language Learning and Teaching (2001), and the Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Applied Linguistics (1998). He was the founding Editor of the journal Language Teaching Research.
'In a nutshell Expertise in Second Language Learning and Teaching as a whole is a book written by experts for experts in whose hands it will live many lives.' - ELT Journal'...expertise has not received much in the way of a focused treatment in the field of second language acquisition. The appearance of this compact and tightly written text therefore marks a welcome addition to the field.' - Language and Education
List of Tables and FiguresAcknowledgementsNotes on the ContributorsIntroduction; K.JohnsonPART 1: EXPERTISE IN GENERALThe 'General' Study of Expertise; K.JohnsonPART 2: EXPERTISE IN LANGUAGE LEARNING AND USEThe Expert Language Learner: A Review of Good Language Learner Studies and Learner Strategies; J.RubinSecond Language Listening Expertise; C.GohReading and Expertise; C.WallaceOral Second Language Abilities as Expertise; M.BygateSecond Language Writing Expertise; S.C.WeigleTraining Language Learning Expertise; S.McDonoughPART 3: EXPERTISE IN LANGUAGE TEACHINGExpertise in Teaching: Perspectives and Issues; A.B.M.TsuiTeacher Cognition in Language Teaching; S.BorgExpertise in Teacher Education: Helping Teachers to Learn; A.WatersExpertise in Pedagogic Task Design; V.SamudaIndex